NR505 GIS Applications in Untamed life Sciences.


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Category: Animals / Pets
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Exploration and Mangement Techniques for Wildlife and Habitats pp.394-403, The Wildlife Society, Bethesda , Maryland . Horne JS and EO Garton 2006. ...
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http://www.cnr.uidaho.edu/rsgis/nr504.htm NR505 GIS Applications in Wildlife Sciences Mondays and Wednesdays 9:30 – 11:20 CNR GIS lab Room 26 Home Range Resource Selection Wildlife Habitat Models + Accuracy Assessment Fragmentation Analysis in Fragstats Distance Measurements and Least Cost Path Analysis Functional Connectivity Introductory Remote Sensing + detachability testing Grading: Attendance & Participation 60 % Final Project Presentation 40%

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Home Range and GIS Eva Strand CNR Remote Sensing and GIS Lab

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What is Home Range? The portrayal of a creatures space utilize The home reach is accepted to contain the key prerequisites, for example, nourishment, water and cover Wildlife Techniques Manual

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Home extent qualities Home ranges regularly cover (instead of domains) Home reach size has been associated to body size Can clarify a creatures natural examples Can enhance comprehension of environmental connections

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Telemetry information or GPS neckline Tabular information in Excel (2003) .dbf or .txt configuration can be straightforwardly foreign made to ArcGIS or ArcView

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Telemetry information or GPS neckline

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Home Range Methods Minimum Convex Polygon Harmonic Mean Kernal Jennrich-Turner

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Minimum Convex Polygon Minimum Convex Polygon (MCP) is characterized as the polygon drawn around the peripheral focuses

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Fixed bit home extent is presently prescribed Contours The measure of the part home extent is delicate to the transmission capacity esteem (h) utilized!

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Kernel Density Functions n – number of areas h – smoothing parameter d – separation from the area x, y

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… .a couple of suspicions Locations are autonomous sufficiently large example size Smoothing parameter (bit estimators)

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Bandwidth, h-component, smoothing parameter Least Squares Cross Validation (LSCV) Currently prescribed Tendency to undersmooth, makes different nearby minima High variability Likelihood Cross Validation (CV) Novel strategy (Horne and Garton 2006) Performs better for littler specimen sizes (< 50) Better fit and less variability Normal or Reference technique (h ref ) Scaled-REF (h ref is duplicated by an altered extent) Gitzen et al. 2006 Horne and Garton 2006

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Effect of the smoothing parameter

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Home Range Spatial Tools Hawth\'s Tools http://www.spatialecology.com/Home Range Tool http://blue.lakeheadu.ca/hre/Animal Movement http://www.absc.usgs.gov/glba/gistools/Likelihood Cross Validation Tool (Jon Horne) http://www.cnr.uidaho.edu/population_ecology/animal_space_use.htm

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Hawth\'s Tools ArcGIS expansion www.spatialecology.com

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Home Range Tool Free download http://blue.lakeheadu.ca/hre/Developed by Art Rodgers, Ontario Extension to ArcGIS 9 Kernel Tool MCP Tool Display Travel Calculate travel times Great User\'s Manual and Tutorial Guide!!

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Animal Movement Extension Will use any sort of point information that can be acquired into ArcView Works any projection* Works on any chose subset of data* Produces Coverages, Grids, or Tables i.e. all yield is perfect with ArcView *Except G in = G out 2 G = Garbage U.S. Bureau of Interior U.S. Geographical Survey Alaska Biological Science Center Glacier Bay Field Station

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Changes to ArcView Buttons Tools Menus

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Readings – home extent Bookhout TA (manager) 1994. Examination and Mangement Techniques for Wildlife and Habitats pp.394-403, The Wildlife Society, Bethesda , Maryland . Horne JS and EO Garton 2006. Probability cross-acceptance versus minimum squares cross-approval for picking the smoothing parameter in part home-range examination, Journal of Wildlife Management 70(3):641-648. Gitzen RA, JJ Millspaugh, and BJ Kernohan, 2006. Data transfer capacity determination for altered part investigation of creature use circulations, Journal of Wildlife Management 70(5):1334-1344. Home Range Tool User\'s Manual

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