Oak Edge National Research center (ORNL) Car Research and development Activity.

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Oak Edge National Research center (ORNL) Car Research and development Activity 2006 Tennessee Valley Hall National Summit Benjamin J. Ritchey, Battelle Remembrance Organization June 1, 2006 Who Am I? VP, Battelle's Transportation and Monetary Advancement Hones
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Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Automotive R&D Initiative 2006 Tennessee Valley Corridor National Summit Benjamin J. Ritchey, Battelle Memorial Institute June 1, 2006

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Who Am I? VP, Battelle’s Transportation and Economic Development Practices Battelle Memorial Institute [Battelle] Non-Profit Research and Development Firm Headquartered in Columbus, Ohio $3 billion in income every year Battelle and the University of Tennessee co-oversee US DOE’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)

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Short-Term Assignment for ORNL Outline ORNL’s Automotive R&D Strategy for Dr. Jeff Wadsworth (ORNL Director) and Dr. Jim Roberto (ORNL Deputy Director Science and Technology) Analyze the segments of the Southern Automotive Cluster and contrast with the Midwest Automotive Cluster Determine a method for ORNL and intrigued Southern colleges to lead innovative work related exercises for the car business Identify potential chances to investigate with the car bunch/industry that will help position the southern area for long haul financial advancement

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ORNL’s Automotive R&D Goals and Visions ORNL’s Goal and Position: Lab of the South ORNL’s Science Vision: Provide exploratory initiative to produce research, improvement, test/assessment, and critical thinking exercises for the car business while working with Southern colleges ORNL’s Economic Development Vision: Enhance the car industry’s development and differences of exercises in the South

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ORNL’s Automotive R&D Strategy Working Group of Southern Universities Auburn University Clemson University Mississippi State University of Alabama Birmingham University of Alabama Tuscaloosa University of Kentucky University of Tennessee Working Group Hosts: TVA and ORNL TVA, Amy Bunton, General Manager, Economic Development ORNL, Tom Ballard, Director of Economic Development and Partnerships

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ORNL’s Automotive R&D Strategy The finished objective is to catalyze monetary improvement in the South by concentrating on car R&D. To be effective, we must: Determine the method of a Southern Automotive Research & Development activity for the reasons of adjusting different exploration abilities and mastery Identify the monetary advancement and advancement methodologies important to grow and broaden the car industry’s vicinity in the South

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Automotive Clusters – The Midwest Versus the South

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Other 10% Asia US 23% 37% Europe 30% Automotive Industry – Market Size The U.S. auto and light truck car business sector was esteemed at over $400 billion in 2004 The U.S. has the biggest offer of the worldwide business sector Global Market Share by Region, 2004 (of $1,072b) Source: Datamonitor Numbers have been adjusted

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Currently, the automakers produce autos & light trucks in 71 plants nationwide* 64 of these plants, or 90%, are situated in the Midwest and South 1 2 7 4 3 4 2 5 1 2 4 2 1 Automotive Clusters – Automakers Car & Light Truck Assembly Plants Car & Light Truck Assembly Plants Midwestern Cluster 37 Plants Midwestern Cluster 37 Plants 20 Southern Cluster 27 Plants Southern Cluster 27 Plants * Additional plants are situated in Delaware, Kansas, Texas, and New Jersey

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Automotive Clusters – Midwest versus Southern Production The Midwest Cluster is the biggest maker However, generation is expanding in the South and declining in the Midwest US Car and Light Truck Production, 2001-2004 (a great many units) Source: Ward’s 2005 Market Data Book Numbers have been adjusted

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Trends – Shift in Manufacturing Location Automotive assembling is relied upon to keep on expanding in the South for reasons, for example, The populace movement toward the South, where the dominant part of new autos are being obtained Automakers construct autos near their essential markets to lessen delivery expenses Low wages Non-unionized work Educated workforce Good, moderate power supply Large, reasonable tracts of area Incentives

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Trends – Transplant R&D Sites The Japanese transplants, for instance, have generally found their R&D basically in Michigan, or close corporate U.S. base camp Current Locations of Select Transplant R&D Facilities Manufacturing R&D U.S. Central station Source: Japan Automobile Manufacturers’ Association

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Conclusions Production and business sector size are expanding in the Southern Cluster, while declining in the Midwest notwithstanding populace development, the South offers financial assembling points of interest over the Midwest, for example, lower wages, non-unionized work, and reasonable force The transplants, based fundamentally in the South, may keep on growwing to the detriment of the Big 3 Traditionally, automakers find R&D in Michigan and/or close to their base camp, as opposed to with assembling offices. On the other hand, opportunities are accessible in interesting regions of greatness to turn into a player.

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Conclusions Over 85% of car R&D is directed in Michigan The state has more than 215 automaker and other R&D associations, including building, exploration, new item advancement, outline, and testing offices Michigan still gives off an impression of being the spot of decision for R&D The State of Michigan is particularly focusing on car R&D to supplant the misfortune in its assembling segment Both Toyota and Hyundai as of late opened new R&D focuses in Michigan

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Honda Case Study: Case in Point

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Honda’s 25-year Evolution Honda has created in Ohio from a cruiser get together plant in 1978 to what has turned into the company’s North American Manufacturing, Engineering and Logistics Hub today. As of now, Honda’s Ohio Hub concentrates on: Manufacturing Production Engineering Research and Development Purchasing Logistics Quality Assurance

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Conclusions of Honda Case Study Honda’s development, extension, and assorted qualities of exercises (counting R&D) in Ohio has prompted huge monetary improvement: 16,049 Ohioans utilized by Honda in 2003 with aggregate wages surpassing $1.1 billion every year 154 Ohio organizations are suppliers to Honda, utilizing 40,776 The Honda Case Study can serve as a guide for the South as the district concentrates on R&D techniques

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ORNL’s Automotive R&D Strategy (Work in Progress)

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ORNL’s Automotive R&D Strategy Process to focus R&D system Determine business case for car R&D Understand momentum car R&D needs/issues Focus on driving edge R&D issues and needs obliging remarkable science/building bolster Inventory aptitude/offices (ORNL/Universities) Understand ebb and flow car R&D resources at ORNL/Universities Match research skill to R&D needs Develop ORNL R&D procedure including administration, industry cooperations, required mastery/offices, usage plan, and screen progress

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ORNL’s Automotive R&D Strategy Work with car industry to recognize driving edge innovative work opportunities that oblige interesting science and designing backing Strategic Objective: Energy Security Global Warming/Air Quality Passenger Safety Consumer Preference Automotive Industry’s Commitment to Advance Technologies will affect:

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ORNL’s Automotive R&D Strategy Potential Leading-edge R&D Opportunities (Interviews with car industry proceeds with need to conclude center territories.) Energy/Propulsion Technologies Advances in fuel infusion and incline blaze advances, especially haze sort injectors Diesel NOx after-treatment advances Battery changes for cross breeds Production, appropriation, wellbeing, conveyance, and installed stockpiling of hydrogen Fuel cell advances, including constant imaging of water in a phone Electronics Improved sensors for mishap avoidance Large scale gadgets coordination Software advancement in a complex, profoundly incorporated environment Managing broadly fluctuating item life cycles inside of a vehicle

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ORNL’s Automotive R&D Strategy Simulation capacities to show the coordinated vehicle Stronger, more powerful programming improvement devices Inter-vehicle hardware correspondence advances to bolster smart transportation Materials Formability issues of light weight materials Joining and holding of light weight materials Corrosion issues (Magnesium) Material disappointment learning Advanced assembling and outline Material conduct demonstrating Nano-innovation identified with light weight segments, power modules, and batteries Safety of nano-particles in assembling

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ORNL’s Automotive R&D Strategy Thank you for welcoming me. I anticipate an arrival visit to give a finished car R&D technique, execution plan, and advancement to date. Contact Information: Thomas B. Ballard Oak Ridge National Laboratory Director Economic Development & Partnerships (865) 241-1948 ph ballardt@ornl.gov Amy H. Bunton Tennessee Valley Authority General Manager Economic Development (615) 232-6442 ph abunton@tva.gov Benjamin J. Ritchey Battelle Vice President Transportation & Economi

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