Open Climate Administrations Program.

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Climate Forecasts, watches, alarms, Warnings. Scattering Methods ... Developing attention to the linkages between human wellbeing and climate and atmosphere ...
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Open Weather Services Program Public Warnings Dissemination and CAP Haleh Kootval Chief, Public Weather Services Program WMO

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Forecasts NMHS s Warnings Public Appreciate the climate administrations PWSP Public Weather Services Program (PWSP) built up in 1994 Strengthen the capacities of WMO Members to address the issues of the group through procurement of exhaustive climate administrations, with specific accentuation on open security and welfare, Foster a superior comprehension by people in general of the abilities of National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) and how best to utilize their administrations"

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WMO\'s Global Operational Network Global Observing System Global Telecommunication System Global Data Processing And Forecasting System: 3 World Meteorological Centers 40 Regional Specialized Centers NMHSs convey data and cautioning administrations

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PWS Dissemination Weather Hazards surges, fire, dry spell, solid winds, overwhelming snow and so forth Services by NMHSs Weather Forecasts, watches, alarms, Warnings Dissemination Methods Websites, TV, Radio, Telephone, RANET Examples of Groups served by NMHSs General Public, secluded groups, Government and common barrier powers and so forth

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Dissemination and Presentation Effective scattering and presentation: A fundamental component of and the way to compelling PWS Challenge : To pass on notices, conjectures and other data adequately to overall population

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WARNINGS - a procedure that starts with the creation of data about climate and atmosphere and finishes with successful misfortune minimising activities Warnings must be delivered Warning message must be transmitted & got Information must be comprehended Information must be affirmed Message must be trusted Risk must be personalised Decision to take proper cautious and preliminary activities Resources and limit for preliminary activity

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The Challenge of Public cautioning Collaborative activities are important to guarantee that models based, all-media, all-perils open cautioning turns into a key base segment accessible to all social orders overall Provide data that is effortlessly open and justifiable all over the place

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The Challenge of Public cautioning All accessible interchanges media ought to be utilized (from telecast down to people) to get auspicious and fitting notices for all dangers to everybody who needs them A measures based, all-media, all-perils open cautioning methodology bodes well now utilizing advanced advances and coordinating radio, TV, cell phone, satellites, Internet-based and other system administrations

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Weather, Climate and Health Example of All-Hazard cautioning framework Growing attention to the linkages between human wellbeing and climate and atmosphere PWS give data on dangers brought on by changing climate and atmosphere conditions Cardiovascular and respiratory Heat and icy anxiety UV radiation Pollen spread and tidy High Ozon fixation Spread of typhoid, intestinal sickness or cholera

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Factors adding to inadequate notices Plans can turn out badly in view of: Forecast precision: miscounting onset time, force or effects "sole power" issue in get ready and issuing notices Communication and/or dispersal insufficiencies Contradictory data from various sources Low validity of NMHS

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Dissemination of notices and Forecasts Often the test is to give the most financially savvy system(s) inside extreme subsidizing limitations Dissemination strategies will rely on upon the correspondence base Robust and dependable Back up capacity

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Dissemination of notices and Forecasts Dissemination frameworks: most basic issue for creating nations Point-to-Multipoint Mass media (TV, Radio, Newspapers), sirens and signs, RANET, NOAA Weather Radio Man on bike

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Dissemination of notices and Forecasts Point-to-Point: Dedicated Fax, programmed phone noting Internet email Mobile correspondence Strength and shortcomings

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Examples of Dissemination Korea (cutting edge) Cell Broadcasting Service (CBS) Phone Disaster Notification Broadcasting System Problem: transmission does not achieve high mountain zones needing notices for glimmer surge Radio Disaster Warning Broadcasting System TV Disaster Warning Broadcasting System

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CBS System of Mobile Telecom Company Base Station Request to CBS message Transmission at hazardous situation CBS message on cellular telephone which is situated at showed region NEMA End client (Mobile telephone with CBS administration function] NEMA Mobile Telecom Company ) 【 CBS Message Transmission stream 】 CBS (Cell Broadcasting Service) Phone Disaster Notification Broadcasting System (Cont\'d) ▣ System Structure and Message Flow 7

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5) TV Disaster Warning Broadcasting System ▣ System Management streamlines 16

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Examples of Dissemination Bangladesh (individuals escalated) 33000 Cyclone Volunteers CPP and Red Cross BMD sends data to CPP HQ Information gets to the town level volunteers through radio Use bikes Distribution to open by bull horns and banners Problme: Maintenance of amplifiers and lights

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Examples of Dissemination Sri Lanka-innovative tidal wave cautioning framework utilizing satellites, portable and settled remote telephones Challenge: achieve vast quantities of neighborhood groups and rustic regions Major segment of the venture is utilization of CAP

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The Severe Weather Information Centre (SWIC) Established as a concentrated hotspot for media access to official tropical tornado notices and data issued by NMHSs and RSMCc Has pulled in the investment of WMO Members in all tropical typhoon premise Currently shows tropical twister notices and data for all tropical violent wind bowls Observations on substantial downpour/snow from all WMO Members are shown New page showing the events of rainstorms was likewise included. Extreme objective: to form SWIC into a Multi-peril Information and Resource Center

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Visualizing Weather Warnings Meteoalarm

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CAP and PWS Conclusions Existing cautioning frameworks are blend of various advancements and methodology CAP will permit predictable cautioning message spread at the same time over a wide range of caution frameworks, in this way expanding cautioning viability Possibility of utilization of CAP in SWIC and Meteoalarm for open notices

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Thank You

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