Open Use Following and Administration Conveyance Studies.

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PETS with information gathering on finance and staffing information (Honduras 2000, Peru 2002, Zambia 2002, Mozambique 2002, and so on.) Unannounced visits to schools ...
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Open Expenditure Tracking and Service Delivery Surveys 11 th International Anti-Corruption Conference Seoul May 26, 2003 Magnus Lindelow Development Research Group, The World Bank

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Public Expenditure Tracking and Service Delivery Surveys First Public Expenditure Tracking Survey (PETS) completed in Uganda in 1996 Since then, a substantial number of PETS and related overviews have been executed Scope and nature of reviews have varied, however basic subject is connection between open spending and advancement results

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CORRUPTION The (missing) join between open spending and results Broad allotment of assets Delays and absence of consistency (e.g. pay rates, pharmaceutical stock-outs) Problems in spending execution Discretionary reallocation of assets (partiality, absence of criteria or data, and so forth.) PUBLIC EXPENDITURE TRACKING AND SERVICE DELIVERY SURVEYS Leakage of budgetary or material assets Misappropriation of assets (e.g. taking of pharmaceuticals) Problems in administration conveyance Absenteeism Overcharging Inefficiency, high cost, low quality Lack of interest for administrations

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The Approach has differed impressively relying upon setting and center Multilevel concentrate, however cutting edge suppliers (schools or wellbeing offices) as fundamental unit of perception Representative example Data gathered through meetings and record audits (money related records, stock cards for solutions, and so on.) Multi-rakish methodology for acceptance of information Some overviews incorporate nitty gritty reviews of forefront supplier, including accessibility/sufficiency of sources of info, quality, staff and client interviews, and so on

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What have we learnt? Spillage Education area in Uganda 1996 Data from 250 schools and regulatory units Only 13 percent of planned capitation allow really achieved schools (1991-95). Mass data battle by Ministry of Finance (the press, publications) Follow-up reviews (PETS, supplier studies, uprightness overviews, and so on.) High spillage has likewise been found in different nations (Tanzania, Ghana, Zambia, Peru)

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What have we learnt? Apparition specialists and absenteeism Salary installments "spill" contrastingly Different estimation approaches: PETS with information gathering on finance and staffing information (Honduras 2000, Peru 2002, Zambia 2002, Mozambique 2002, and so on.) Unannounced visits to schools and wellbeing offices (Bangladesh 2002, India 2002, Uganda 2002)

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What have we learnt? Portion and spending execution Leakage some of the time hard to evaluate because of absence of express assignments or privileges But reviews can at present shed light on vital allotment and spending execution issues Primary human services in Mozambique: Very extensive variety crosswise over areas and offices in non-wage intermittent spending, staffing, and circulation of solutions Severe issues in spending execution, with late first exchanges and moderate handling of records, bringing about low consistency Weak record keeping at common, region, and office levels, frequently with vast disparities between levels Why this variety? – Corruption might be one variable

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The qualities of the methodology Useful instrument for diagnosing and comprehension issues in spending execution and administration conveyance, including defilement Multilevel point of view essential and not accomplished from straightforward school or office overviews District and bleeding edge supplier viewpoint regularly overlooked at focal level Representative specimen gives believability not accomplished through little example concentrates on or institutional audits Validation of authoritative information (money related and yield) Can give premise to checking of changes after some time Surveys give information to research that can enhance our comprehension of the determinants of debasement or poor administration conveyance Process of planning and actualizing study is valuable for comprehension institutional and procedural courses of action for spending execution and administration conveyance

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Some restrictions Surveys just give part of the answer What about between and intra-sectoral allotments? Join with results? => Budget examination and social effect investigation (with family information or through participatory methodologies) are still critical Surveys ought to supplement as opposed to supplant routine data, control, and trustworthiness frameworks Surveys give data yet don\'t as a matter of course result in change An absence of data about the degree and nature of issues is not generally the essential requirement to enhancing PEM and administration conveyance Continuity and connection with endeavors at reinforcing organizations and routine PEM frameworks vital Link with group and other neighborhood partners can be hard to accomplish – imperative to utilize discoveries to fortify nearby straightforwardness and responsibility components

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Finding out additional… Survey reports, instruments, and documentation on: Some references: Dehn, Reinikka, and Svensson. 2003. "Study Tools for Assessing Performance in Service Delivery." In Bourguignon and Pereira da Silva, eds. Assessing the Poverty and Distributional Impact of Economic Policies. Oxford University Press and the World Bank. Pending Reinikka and Svensson. 2002. Measuring and comprehension debasement at the miniaturized scale level. In Della Porta and Rose-Ackerman, eds. Degenerate Exchanges: Empirical Themes in the Politics and Political Economy of Corruption. Nomos Verlagsgesellshaft. Lindelow and Wagstaff. 2002. "Wellbeing Facility Surveys: An Introduction." Policy Research Working Paper 2953. The World Bank. Email:

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