Organic chemistry.


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Natural chemistry. Lipids. Group of Lipids. Lipids. Lipids: group of biochemicals that are ... Glycolipids: glycerol or spinogosine unsaturated fat monosaccharide ...
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Natural chemistry Lipids

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Family of Lipids

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Lipids: group of biochemicals that are dissolvable in natural solvents yet not in water Classes: Waxes: unsaturated fat + a long-chain liquor Triglycerides (fats & oils): glycerol + 3 unsaturated fats Phospholipids: glycerol + 2 unsaturated fats + phosphate + amino liquor Glycolipids: glycerol or spinogosine + unsaturated fat + monosaccharide Steroids: 3 cyclohexanes + 1 cyclopentane intertwined

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Fatty Acids

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Fatty Acids

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Fatty Acids with Starch

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Fatty Acids Fatty acids: long-chain carboxylic acids Form fats and oils (for the most part have a significantly number of carbons) Saturated unsaturated fat: every single security unsaturated fat: no less than 1 twofold security Polyunsaturated: two or all the more twofold securities Most twofold securities are cis - securities that cause a curve in the chain

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Fatty Acids Properties Saturated unsaturated fats are strong at room temperature and have a high liquefying point unsaturated fats are fluid at room temperature and have a low softening point

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Prostaglandins

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Prostaglandins

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Fatty Acids in the Human body Essential unsaturated fats: polyunsaturated unsaturated fats that the body can not make Important: linoleic and linolenic acids Lack of in newborn children cause skin dermatitis Arachidonic corrosive is changed over into prostaglandins which serve as nearby substance delivery people

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Fats and Oils

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Fats and Oils

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Fats and Oils

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Hydrogenation of Oils

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Fats and Oils Fats: 509% or more soaked unsaturated fats; strong at room temperature Oils: more unsaturated fats; fluid at room temperature

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Fats and Oils Properties: Hydrogenation (including H 2 ) Converts a twofold cling to a solitary security Changes fluid oil to a delicate semisolid fat Oxidation to carboxylic corrosive Fat/oil gets to be "foul" with an upsetting smell Some oils have cancer prevention agents to moderate oxidation Refrigeration in a sealed shut compartment moderates oxidation Microorganisms oxidize body oils amid activity

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Soap: Long Chain Fatty Acid Salt Nonpolar Polar O Na + C O - Fatty corrosive Fat with cleanser is water solvent

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Fats and Oils Properties proceeded with: Saponification with warmth and solid base creates a glycerol and salts of the unsaturated fats Hydrolysis (breakdown) Requires a solid corrosive impetus or lipase chemical Produces 1 glycerol + 3 unsaturated fats

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Phospholipid

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Phospholipid

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The Cell Membrane Phospholipid Polar Head Nonpolar Tail Phospholipids join a bilayer to frame a cell film.

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The Cell Membrane Glycolipid Phospholipids join a bilayer to shape a cell layer.

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Phospholipids Phospholipid: liquor + phosphate +fatty corrosive Glycerophospholid: glycerol + 2 unsaturated fats + phosphate/amino liquor Lecithins and cephalins rich in cerebrum & nerve tissue, egg yolks, wheat germ, and yeast Forms cell films

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Phospholipids Sphingolipid: sphingosin + unsaturated fat + phosphate/amino liquor A phospholipid with sphingosin rather than the glycerol Important in the myelin sheath that encompasses most nerve filaments Glycolipid: glycerol + 1 unsaturated fat + sugar In cell layers Function in cell bond & self-personality markers

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Phospholipids Lipidoses, lipid ailments Excess gathering of sphingolipid or glycolipid Caused by a truant, mismade, or inadequate chemical that separates the lipid

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Steroids

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Steroids Cholesterol Synthesized in the liver Gives quality to cell layers In myelin sheath, bile salts, vitamin D created by the skin Excess in body prompts nerve stones and plaque in the courses

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Steroids Bile salts Synthesized from cholesterol in the liver Sent to the digestive tract to emulsify fats Promotes ingestion of cholesterol in the digestive tract Fat-solvent vitamins: A, D, E, K A for night vision D advances assimilation of Ca + in intestinal tract and testimony of Ca + in the bones E anticipates oxidation of unsaturated fats in cell layers K capacities in blood cloting

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Steroids Hormones: Sex hormones control proliferation, sexual attributes, and general development Adrenal corticosteroids Cortisone expands blood glucose levels and lessens irritation Aldosterone acts in the kidneys to keep up Na + and water parity Sex hormones Anabolic steroid, subordinate of testosterone Prevents breakdown of exhausted muscle cells Has unsafe symptoms

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A Lipoprotein

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Lipids in the Body Lipoproteins Water insoluble lipids must be conveyed to all parts of the body by the water-based blood Body bundles lipids in film with proteins to make the lipids water dissolvable Types: VLDL, LDL, HDL, chylomicrons HDL while in transit to the liver is "great cholesterol" LDL on path to the phones is inclined to store in veins Enzyme in blood vessels discharges lipids from the protein bearer

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Lipids in the Body Lipoproteins Water insoluble lipids must be conveyed to all parts of the body by the water-based blood Body bundles lipids in layer with proteins to make the lipids water solvent Types: VLDL, LDL, HDL, chylomicrons HDL while in transit to the liver is "great cholesterol" LDL on route to the phones is inclined to store in veins Enzyme in blood vessels discharges lipids from the protein transporter

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The End

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