Outline for the Environment .


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2. Plot. History and DefinitionsEPA Cooperative Industry ProjectsPrintingGarment CareCorporate Environmental PolicyXeroxLucentConclusions
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Outline for the Environment Felicia Kaminsky ESM 595F 2 November 2000

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Outline History and Definitions EPA Cooperative Industry Projects Printing Garment Care Corporate Environmental Policy Xerox Lucent Conclusions & Discussion

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Defining "DfE" Concept spearheaded by industry US EPA Program Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics Over the previous decade – made from a few intentional activities Safer chemicals Comparative hazard examination Alternative innovation Voluntary, organization program that works straightforwardly with ventures and different accomplices to coordinate wellbeing and natural contemplations in business choices DfE

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Goals New ways to deal with hazard lessening through contamination avoidance Balancing business needs and natural concerns Encourages front-end advancements through the update of details and assembling and transfer forms DFE

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Sustainable Development Enterprise Integration Design for the Environment Pollution Prevention Integrated Product Development Environmental Stewardship Total Quality Management DFE

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Scope of DfE Occupational wellbeing and security Consumer wellbeing and security Ecological uprightness and asset insurance Pollution counteractive action and poisonous utilize diminishment Transportability (wellbeing and vitality utilize) Waste decrease and minimization Disassembly and superfluity Recycle-capable and remanufacture-capable DFE

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Cooperative Industry Projects Premise: organizations would prefer not to dirty, however frequently need data Information required Environmental effects and outcomes Trade one item or process for another Aim to give ebb and flow data expected to hone DfE

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EPA DfE Cooperative Industry Projects

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Entire industry segment Industry pioneers Trade affiliations Printing Printed Wiring Board Computer Display Garment and Textile Care Industrial/Institutional Cleaning Formulations Auto Refinishing Adhesives in Foam Furniture and Sleep Products Supplier Initiative EPA DfE Partnerships DfE

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Printing Projects 1992 Printing Industries of America drew closer DfE Screen printing Evaluated 18 screen recovery advances Lithography Assessed 40 cover wash details Flexography Comparing dissolvable, water, and bright ink advances printing

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Flexography Project Printing from a raised picture on a printing plate produced using elastic or photopolymers Printing on paper, ridged paperboard, or plastic purchaser bundles and names Inks – profoundly liquid and fast drying Contain solvents or water Selection = execution prerequisites

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Traditionally solvents from VOCs Regulated air toxins Alternatives to ordinary ink plans Waterborne UV-cured Hazardous materials Disposal DfE looks to give data: Technical and natural focal points and detriments Implementation Studies – investigate and connected Outreach Flexography Project, proceeded with

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Garment and Textile Care Program Following a 1992 roundtable on drycleaning, industry pioneers combined with DfE Technical reviews Cleaner Technologies Substitutes Assessment (CTSA) Implementation Demonstration shops; Training Outreach

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DfE as Corporate Environmental Policy

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DfE Guidelines Design for: recuperation and reuse dismantling waste minimization vitality protection material preservation ceaseless hazard diminishment mishap aversion

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Interrelationships

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Driving Forces Customer Satisfaction International Standards Regulatory Constraints Design for Environment Competitive Pressures Product Stewardship Enterprise Integration Risk Management Sustainable Development

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DfE at Xerox without waste items and manufacturing plants Minimize waste to landfill and discharges to the earth at each progression of an item life cycle 1993 – started preparing configuration builds in DFE standards Objective to fuse into new and existing items Copy cartridges  new copiers, printers, and multifunction items Xerox

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Develop and ecological arrangement for every item Environmental effects Product life cycle costs Limit creation materials Recyclable Recycled thermoplastics and metals Recycling images Implementation Xerox

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Design for Reuse 1995 – Mark building drawings with remanufacturing codes Snap-together plans Facilitate gathering and dismantling forms Copy cartridges Asset Recovery Center One million sections in 1993 Xerox

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Decrease squander 90% Air emanations - 90% Water releases - 90% Post-buyer +25% Energy effectiveness +10% Recycled >75% Air outflows - 75%  Use of reused materials Goals (1998); Results (1994) Xerox

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DfE at Lucent Part of Corporate Environmental Strategy "Resolved to \'outline for the earth\'" Established cross-utilitarian DfE group Product Lifecycle Team Integrated into item acknowledgment handle Aims to create and apply DfE criteria for every single working unit by 2000 Lucent

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Equipment reuse and restoration Repair and renovation of business phones Battery-return program Packaging Material Reclamation Center Lucent Program Highlights

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Conclusions & Discussion Public mindfulness – is this essential? Completely coordinated to natural administration hones? Shouldn\'t something be said about little organizations?

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Additional Information EPA DfE Homepage <www.epa.gov/opptintr/dfe/index.html> Design for Environment: Creating Eco-Efficient Products and Processes , Joseph Fiksel, manager

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