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P5 and the Particle Physics Roadmap.


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P5 and the Particle Physics Roadmap A. Seiden UC Santa Cruz Chair of P5 Outline of Talk What is P5 Why is it needed Roadmap Prioritization Activities Activities to Date
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P5 and the Particle Physics Roadmap A. Seiden UC Santa Cruz Chair of P5

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Outline of Talk What is P5 Why is it required Roadmap Prioritization Activities EPP 2010 November 30, 2004

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Activities to Date P5 is another council. It is a HEPAP Subpanel, answering to the DOE and NSF through HEPAP. Charge: Maintain the guide for the field and give prioritization among activities, when asked for by the organizations. Exercises to date: (1) P5 had a noteworthy part, alongside HEPAP, in giving data to the field for Ray Orbach’s arrangement for future offices for the DOE Office of Science. (2) In 2003 gave first P5 guide to the field. The guide ought to be upgraded at regular intervals. Likewise, gave prioritization to three ventures, all at Fermilab. (3) In 2004, follow-up on 2003 report, giving more nitty gritty direction on planning for one of the activities at Fermilab. EPP 2010 November 30, 2004

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P5 Membership EPP 2010 November 30, 2004

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P5 and the Particle Physics Roadmap Community Defines Compelling Science Projects If between $50 M and $600 M P5 Review and Prioritization P5 Roadmap Mature Project Significant Support Ready for Construction P5 survey takes a gander at Science, Budgets, International Context, and Competing Options EPP 2010 November 30, 2004

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Projects on the Roadmap Objective: To comprehend the way of matter, vitality, space and time, connecting nature on the minute and plainly visible levels. Ventures on the guide give a different and interconnected exploration program that intends to keep the U.S. among the world pioneers around there of investigation. Molecule Physics has been exceptionally effective at building up a hypothesis that clarifies on a tiny level the cooperations of common matter and we are presently going up against the following arrangement of energizing inquiries: what is the dull matter that is in charge of grouping particles into cosmic systems, what is the dim vitality that is quickening the universe's development, in what capacity would it be a good idea for us to comprehend the vacuum, what number of measurements does space truly have, what is the more profound relationship between the few sorts of strengths and particles that we have found and what is their effect on the universe's advancement? EPP 2010 November 30, 2004

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P5 and the Particle Physics Roadmap Why P5? An blast of chances in view of new disclosures and additionally new mechanical advancements. Obliges stewardship. Ten years prior the essential extravagant molecule material science activities were at the national research facilities. These each ran their own self-sufficient projects, each guided by their own particular Scientific Policy Committee and Program Advisory Committee, with general strategy direction from HEPAP. Presently the field is a great deal more mind boggling: (1) Our most astounding need undertaking toward the end of this decade will be at an outside research facility (LHC at CERN in Geneva, Switzerland with the U.S. having the most members of any nation). (2) Our most noteworthy long haul need is a Linear Collider, which will be a universal venture where the U.S. establishments must participate widely. (3) There are numerous proposition for extravagant molecule astronomy ventures at the crossing point of molecule material science, astronomy, and cosmology. EPP 2010 November 30, 2004

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P5 and the Particle Physics Roadmap Despite these progressions, the research center – college association that has portrayed molecule material science conveys colossal assets to the full scope of investigations: ventures at quickening agents, in space, under ice and under ground. Developments in quickening agents, finders, gadgets and figuring keep on empowering investigative advances. EPP 2010 November 30, 2004

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Roadmap starting 2003 R&D is checked in yellow, development in green, and operation in blue. EPP 2010 November 30, 2004

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Through the greater part of history, the universe has been seen as interminably peaceful

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` During the 20 th century the journey to widen our perspective of the universe has demonstrated to us the universe's endlessness and uncovered savage grandiose wonders and riddles

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g e - e + GLAST AGN

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Particle Astrophysics on the Roadmap GLAST is a venture together upheld by the DOE and NASA with SLAC assuming a main part. It is a sample of the essential and developing part of interagency cooperation. The essential identifier innovation utilized as a part of the test, silicon strip locators, was produced by the molecule material science group. The science targets, traversing astronomy and molecule material science, can be comprehensively classified into four topics: Understand the instruments of molecule speeding up in Active Galactic Nuclei (AGNs), Pulsars, and Super Nova Remnants. Resolve the gamma-beam sky: unidentified sources and diffuse emanation. Focus the high-vitality conduct of gamma-beam blasts and homeless people. Test dull matter and the early Universe. ICECUBE This is a NSF activity supported together by the Physics Division and the Office of Polar Programs, with LBNL having an imperative part. As on account of different undertakings in the field, numerous colleges and also worldwide accomplices are included, with the University of Wisconsin assuming a main part. The material science targets are like GLAST however neutrinos can come straightforwardly from somewhere down in the vitality source. Touchy to the vicinity of particles that rot into neutrinos inside of the vitality source. EPP 2010 November 30, 2004

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“Every cubic inch of space contains a miracle.” Walt Whitman

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This is by all accounts genuine! The universe is loaded with something many refer to as “Dark Energy” which is quickening its development. It is likewise loaded with something (called the Higgs field) which gives particles mass. What are these basic “somethings”? Will we some time or another see a connection? The basic system for both marvels are not caught on. EPP 2010 November 30, 2004

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Large Hadron Collider (LHC) EPP 2010 November 30, 2004

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LHC on the Roadmap The Large Hadron Collider (LHC), another quickening agent booked to begin operation in 2007, is under development at CERN in Geneva, Switzerland. This quickening agent will investigate nature at the most limited separations (an element of seven high vitality than the present most noteworthy vitality machine) ever concentrated on in subtle element. Researchers all through the world are taking an interest, and the U.S. Government is making a noteworthy commitment through projects supported by the NSF and the DOE. An energizing's portion objectives: Study the vacuum's way and how it offers mass to particles and breaks the symmetry between strengths. Study the material science system behind the symmetry breaking. Hunt down additional Spatial Dimensions. Hunt down Quantum Dimensions (Supersymmetry). Hunt down the material science in charge of dim matter, for instance as happens in supersymmetry. EPP 2010 November 30, 2004

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 W     Neutrino Oscillations Quantum Mechanics in real life in the Particle World Oscillations exist between 3 neutrino sorts. Short Journey  ï' W  ï'   Detector Long Journey Gives  time to change character EPP 2010 November 30, 2004

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  Detector   Cosmic beam Atmospheric Neutrinos Diameter of the earth gives “Long Journey” Super K Detector EPP 2010 November 30, 2004

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The Growing Excitement of Neutrino Physics American Physical Society Multi-Divisional Neutrino Study over the previous year to guide out future open doors has now closed. Supported by the APS Divisions of: Nuclear Physics Particles and Fields Astrophysics Physics of Beams EPP 2010 November 30, 2004

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Neutrino Physics Agenda Craft a project to: Tell us if there are 3 neutrino families. Complete estimations of masses and blending parameters for the neutrinos. Let us know whether neutrinos are their own particular antiparticles. Related hypothetical inquiries: Are neutrinos in charge of the overabundance of matter over hostile to matter? What can neutrinos let us know about new material science past the Standard Model? Use neutrinos as a device to study Astrophysics: Probe forms that produce vitality in the sun. Take a gander at super-nova blasts. Study astronomical wellsprings of high-vitality particles. EPP 2010 November 30, 2004

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Prioritization I trust the offices are as yet figuring out how to utilize P5. The principal solicitation for prioritization included three tasks at Fermilab. These required quick choices since any further defers gambled imperiling the ventures' convenience. EPP 2010 November 30, 2004

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Prioritization for Three Projects Highest Priority: The Fermilab Tevatron Run II Upgrades, which include two locators taking information at the vitality boondocks. P5 upheld that Fermilab attempt to boost the material science quality information recorded by every analysis before the end of 2008. Obliges moves up to the trigger and information securing frameworks of every analysis. Upheld the Fermilab management’s choice that the different silicon locator redesigns not be manufactured given the expense, calendar, and iridescence desires for the quickening agent. EPP 2010 November 30, 2004

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Prioritization for Three Projects The other two tests were in the territory of quark flavor material science. Both were magnificent tests that could begin to take information toward the end of this decade. These trials would take a gander at the engraving of the new material science found at the LHC in the rots of overwhelming quarks, giving an instrument to help disentangle the character of that new material science. We prescribed that the more extensive of the two advance and that the second test not continue in light of current budgetary models. Note that budgetary contemplations, after numerous years of financi