Panhellenic Amusements.

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Panhellenic Amusements. Some Greek Expressions. Skillet = all Hellas = Greece Panhellenic = all-Greek Amusements = global recreations Periodos = circuit of 4 diversions. survey. Olympic recreations (the most established), at Olympia out of appreciation for Zeus Pythian amusements, at Delphi to pay tribute to Apollo
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Panhellenic Games

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Some Greek Terms Pan = all Hellas = Greece Panhellenic = all-Greek Games = worldwide diversions Periodos = circuit of 4 amusements

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survey Olympic recreations (the most seasoned), at Olympia to pay tribute to Zeus Pythian amusements, at Delphi out of appreciation for Apollo Isthmian amusements, at Corinth out of appreciation for Poseidon Nemean recreations, at Nemea to pay tribute to Zeus

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Pan-Hellenic Sites

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Religious setting of Panhellenic Games All amusements occurred in religious connection to pay tribute to divine beings Athletes were under religious supervision Included religious parades, penances, wearing rivalries in which competitors offer their aptitudes and physical energy to the divine beings.

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Originally nearby celebrations to pay tribute to some god Some exceeded neighborhood reason and got to be global like the Panhellenic Games Contests included idyllic and musical challenges, recitations. Term agon utilized for all types of challenges

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The Mythical Origins of the Panhellenic Games Origins in myths: races composed at religious celebrations were chosen by divine beings. divine beings and saints were the initially special entertainers

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The Pythian Games held at Dephi amid the Pythian celebration out of appreciation for the god Apollo Associated with the religion focus – The Oracle at Delphi Held like clockwork

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The Cult Center at Delphi Cult community for the love of Apollo Pythios (Apollo who slew Python) Evidence for faction action beginning from c. 1000 BCE Evidence of home from ca. 860 BCE Seat of a prophet – Eclipsed the prophet of Zeus at Olympia Pan-Hellenic prophet – especially vital for colonization

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Temple of Apollo at Delphi,%20tb051303076.jpg

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The Pan-Hellenic Cult Hymn to Pythian Apollo , 286-299 “ ‘In this spot I am minded to manufacture a grand sanctuary to be a prophet for men, and here they will continually bring immaculate hecatombs, [290] both they who abide in rich Peloponnesus and the men of Europe and from all the wave-washed isles, coming to question me. What\'s more, I will convey to every one of them guidance that can\'t come up short, noting them in my rich temple.’ When he had said this, Phoebus Apollo laid out every one of the establishments [295] all through, wide and long; and upon these the children of Erginus, Trophonius and Agamedes, dear to the deathless divine beings, laid a balance of stone. Also, the endless tribes of men fabricated the entire sanctuary of created stones, to be sung of for ever.” (H.G. Evelyn-White, 1914)

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The Foundation Tale For The Sanctuary Hymn to Pythian Apollo , 300-358 “[300] But close by was a sweet streaming spring, and there with his solid bow the ruler, the child of Zeus, slaughtered the bloated, awesome she-winged serpent, a savage beast wont to do incredible fiendishness to men upon earth, to men themselves and to their dainty shanked sheep; for she was a wicked plague…. Whosoever met the dragoness, the day of fate would clear him away, until the master Apollo, who bargains passing from a far distance, shot an in number bolt at her….” (A.D. Godley, 1920)

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Foundation of Athletic Events at Delphi Ovid, Metamorphoses , 1.416-451 “Lest in a dull blankness time ought to conceal the notoriety of this accomplishment, sacrosanct games he established, from the Python called “The Pythian Games.” In these the glad youth who demonstrated triumphant in the chariot race, running and boxing, with a regarded crown of oak leaves was enwreathed. The tree then was not made, wherefore Phoebus, splendid and supernatural, beauteous with his streaming hair, was wont to wreathe his foreheads with different leaves.” (B. More, 1922)

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The Historical Games at Delphi creates as an autonomous polis in 590 BCE The asylum put under the control of an alliance of Greek urban communities (Amphictyony) by the dictator Cleisthenes of Sikyon First challenges were most likely in music/verse with regards to the love of Apollo The Earliest Contests at Delphi Hand-out: ( Paus. 10.2-7. W.H.S. Jones, 1918 586 BCE – Athletic challenges included displayed Olympic Games

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Stadium at Delphi – 4 th century BCE

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The Isthmian Games

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Legendary Origins Melikertes & Sisyphus “ There are legends about the stones, which rise particularly at the limited piece of the street. As to the Molurian, it is said that from it Ino flung her self into the ocean with Melicertes, the more youthful of her youngsters. Learchus, the senior of them, had been murdered by his dad. One record is that Athamas did this in an attack of franticness; another is that he vented on Ino and her kids unbridled fury when he discovered that the starvation which came to pass for the Orchomenians and the assumed demise of Phrixus were not mishaps from paradise, but rather that Ino, the stride mother, had fascinated for every one of these things. At that point it was that she fled to the ocean and cast herself and her child from the Molurian Rock. The child, they say, was arrived on the Corinthian Isthmus by a dolphin, and respects were offered to Melicertes, then renamed Palaemon, including the festival of the Isthmian games.” (Paus. 1.7-8. W.H.S. Jones, 1918)

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Historical Games Evidence for cultic action from ca. 1050 BCE Cult haven committed to Poseidon, divine force of the Sea, Horses, Earthquakes 582/0 BCE – Cult rearranged by Kypselus Tyrant of Corinth – Controlled by Corinth until 146 BCE Program of occasions same as Olympic amusements – like clockwork Equestrian occasions significantly more noticeable Contests in music, verse, dramatization, workmanship, and vessel races

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Competition and Controversy “A local of Lepreus, Antiochus won once at Olympia the pancratium for men, and the pentathlum twice at the Isthmian recreations and twice at the Nemean. For the Lepreans are not anxious of the Isthmian recreations as the Eleans themselves may be. For instance, Hysmon of Elis, whose statue stands close to that of Antiochus, contended effectively in the pentathlum both at Olympia and at Nemea, however obviously kept away, much the same as different Eleans, from the Isthmian games.” (Paus. 6.3.9, W.H.S. Jones, 1918) “Timon won triumphs for the pentathlum at all the Greek recreations with the exception of the Isthmian, at which he, as different Eleans, refused competing.” (Paus. 6.16.2, W.H.S. Jones, 1918)”

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Myth and Propaganda Heracles and the Murder of the Elean Ambassadors “When the Argives rejected them fulfillment, the Eleans as an option squeezed the Corinthians totally to avoid the Argive individuals from the Isthmian diversions. When they fizzled in this additionally, Moline is said to have laid condemnations on her compatriots, if they decline to blacklist the Isthmian celebration. The scourges of Moline are regarded directly down to the present day, and no competitor of Elis is wont to contend in the Isthmian games.” (Paus. 5.2.2. W.H.S. Jones, 1918)

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The Nemean Games

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The Mythic Origins of the Nemean Games Funeral Games for Opheltes Nemea connected with Heracles – killing of the Nemean Lion Funeral recreations: Hand out # 3

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The Historical Nemean Games Inaugurated in 573 BCE at Nemea by the city of Argos Games held like clockwork at a haven to Zeus and demonstrated on the Olympic Games Program comprised of same occasions as Olympics (Chariot races?) 3 Categories: Men, Youths, Boys Rather fake creation

Slide 24,4,11,28,129 Nemean Stadium

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How Pan-Hellenic Were the Games? Finishing up Observations Games are Pan-Hellenic in light of the fact that they draw contenders from everywhere throughout the Greek world All are just open to Greeks All are legitimized by reference to Hero Cult (i.e. Pelops @ Olympia, Melikertes @ Isthmia, Opheltes @ Nemea, Apollo (?) @ Delphi) 3 of 4 under the control of particular urban areas (i.e. Olympia = Elis, Nemea = Argos, Isthmus = Corinth) – Pythian Games alone appear to be genuinely Pan-Hellenic Origins, Control, and Attendance of recreations intermittently challenged Bring honor and flourishing to coordinators

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Sacred Truce (Arete # 87-89) Truce – period on either side of celebration Athletes and guests conceded safe entry to and from Olympia (or other Panhellenic occasions) Armistice (ekecheiria ) Not a peace ( eirene ) Infractions: Battl

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