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Part 1 History of Game and Open Get together Offices Sport Office Sport Office Characterized As any encased office where games are played. The walled in area can be either normal or synthetic. The fenced in area must be finished so that the office is independent Enclosures Stadiums
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Section 1 History of Sport and Public Assembly Facilities

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Sport Facility Sport Facility Defined As any encased office where games are played. The walled in area can be either characteristic or synthetic. The walled in area must be finished so that the office is independent

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Bowling back roads

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Excluded from the Traditional definition Lakefront property and greens.:

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PAF Public Assembly Facility (PAF) Public get together offices incorporate game offices and additionally other excitement or non-amusement offices where huge gatherings of individuals can accumulate. enclosures, stadiums, theaters, and tradition focuses

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Convention Centers

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Facilities in Ancient Times to acknowledge present and future issues included in game office administration, it is discriminating to see how far the business has advanced. Realities connected with Greek and Roman sport offices proposes that we are as yet utilizing an old\'s percentage systems.

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Greece In old Greece, games were a type of love. Olympia was one of the most seasoned religious focuses in the Greek world. As a result of its religious history, Olympia was a characteristic site for the cause of the Olympic Games.

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Olympic Facilities Original Olympic stadium, constructed in Olympia in 776 B.C. Was an augmentation of an effectively existing religious haven committed to Zeus.

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Olympic Facilities Combining the haven and different structures included after some time, the office shaped the first known game complex. (Sacrificial stones, lodging for guests, preparing offices for wrestlers and boxers, an exercise center, and running track)

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Olympic Facilities Stadia A stadia was formed like a U incorporated with the slope, with huge slanting banks on every side of the U that served as seating.

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Olympic Facilities Ancient Olympia Stadium, fabricated in Olympia, Greece, in 776 bc., is an unmistakable difference to the Olympic stadium from the 2004 Athens Summer Olympic Games

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Hippodromes and Theaters A crescent and was manufactured around the ensemble. Delphi Stadium

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The Coliseum The Flavian Amphitheater is normally known as the Coliseum either on account of its tremendous size or in light of the fact that a giant statue in plated bronze of Nero in the Sun\'s pretense god initially stood adjacent. The Coliseum was started by Vespasian in 72 A.D. furthermore, initiated in 80 A.D. by Titus with a hundred days of festivities, amid which a few thousand wild monsters and combatants were supposedly killed. The amphitheater was finished, nonetheless, by the sovereign Domitian.

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The Coliseum

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The Coliseum

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Circus Maximus The Circus Maximus was a track utilized basically for steed hustling, in spite of the fact that it was utilized now and again for chases or counterfeit fights. It had 300,000 seats and was acclaimed all through the antiquated world. Assembled in the sixth century B.C. amid the season of the Tarquins, the historical backdrop of the Circus Maximus is pained. It was twice pulverized by flame and on no less than two events the stands given way, murdering numerous individuals.

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Circus Maximus In the Circus Maximus, dissimilar to the day\'s amphitheaters, men and ladies could sit together. The Circus Maximus additionally had what might as well be called the skyboxes you see now in stadiums for expert games. The Emperor had a saved seat, as did congresspersons, knights, the individuals who monetarily upheld the race, the individuals who directed the opposition, and the jury that honored the prize to the victors. The last race held at the Circus Maximus was in 549 A.D., about an entire thousand years after the track\'s development.

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Circus Maximus

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Oldest Active Baseball Stadiums 2002

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Cincinnati Reds Stadium Odyssey Year Stadium Team Name 1876-1879 Avenue Grounds Cincinnati Red Stockings 1880 Bank Street Grounds Same 1881 Did not play 1882-1883 Bank Street Grounds Same 1884-1889 League Park Same 1890-1901 League Park Cincinnati Reds 1902-1911 Palace of the Fans Same 1912-1933 Redlands Field Same 1934-1952 Crosley Field Same 1953-1958 Crosley Field Cincinnati Redlegs 1959-1970 Crosley Field Cincinnati Reds 1970-1996 Riverfront Stadium Same 1997-2002 Cynergy Field (name changed) Same 2003 Great American Ball Park Same (, 2002)

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Imploding Cynergy Field

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Great American Ballpark

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Big Ten Football Stadium Seating Capacity in 1990s Facility, University Wis. Opened Capacity Camp Randall Stadium 1917 76,129 Ohio Stadium, Ohio 1922 101,568 Memorial Stadium Ill. 1923 70,904 Ross-Ade Stadium, Purdue 1824 67,861 Ryan Field, Northwestern 1826 49,256 Michigan Stadium, Mich. 1927 107,501 Kinnick Stadium, Iowa 1929 70,397 Spartan Stadium, Mich St. 1957 72,027 Memorial Stadium, Indiana 1960 52,354 Beaver Stadium, Penn St. 1960 106,537 Medrodome, Minnesota 1982 64,035

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New Stadium and Arena Construction Since the 1980s

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Facility Management Facts NFL Football Stadium Construction by Decade #Built 1920s 1 1950s 2 1960s 3 1970s 7 1980s 3 1990s 9 2000s 7

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Facility Management Facts The biggest football stadium on the planet is the Maracana Stadium in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The stadium manufactured in 1950 can hold 155,000 soccer fans. A much bigger office is the Texas Motor Speedway, which has altered seating for 150,000, 200 extravagance boxes and a practically boundless open territory to have ¼ million individuals for shows or different occasions. Then again, as indicated by Guinness Book of World Records, the biggest stadium ever fabricated was the Strahov Stadium in Prague, the Czech Republic, which opened in 1934 and could suit 240,000 onlookers and 40,000 competitors on the field. The stadium was utilized for enormous synchronized activity programs.

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Madison Square Garden Known as the “World’s Most Famous Arena. 5,600-seat theater 20,000-seat coliseum 40,000-square-foot expo-focus Two eatery 89 club suites Host more than 600 occasions every year Serves as both a metro and a train station Hosted canines and felines, elephants and competitors, grant appears, musical specialists, hotshots, and even Big Bird. One of the renowned battles between Muhammad Ali and Joe Frazer occurred at the Garden in 1971 Example of an effective multipurpose (PAF)

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Toronto Maple Leaf Gardens Multipurpose (PAF)

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Arena at Harbor Yard The Arena at Harbor Yard, finished in the Fall of 2001, is home to the American Hockey League’s Bridgeport Sound Tigers, an offshoot of the NHL’s New York Islanders, and the Metro Atlantic Athletic Conference’s Fairfield University men’s and women’s ball groups. The coliseum is prepared to oblige 8,500 individuals for hockey games and 9,000 individuals for ball games. Furthermore, the stadium is fit for lodging 6,000 individuals for shows and can hold 150, 10 foot by 10 foot, corners for Trade Shows. The office has five locker rooms, seven changeless snack bars, 13 loge suites, 20 versatile stands, 14 women’s and 13 men’s rooms, 33 official suites, 1,300 club seats, 40,000 lights, 10,600 gallons of water expected to make ice arena, 6,000 bits of basic steel, 4,754 cubic yards of cement, and took 721 days to build. Taking into account the 196,300 square feet in the office, the expense per square foot totaled $262.29 and the last development cost was $56,278,684. The first schematic spending plan was just shy of $37 million.

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Arena at Harbor Yard

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Arena at Harbor Yard Harbor Yard Construction Costs Category Cost Cost per Sq. Ft. % of Total General protection and bond issuance costs $3,379,423 $15.75 6.77% Additional general requirements 408,057 1.90 0.82 Site work 4,322,600 20.15 8.66 Concrete 4,855,785 22.63 9.72 Masonry 3,238,681 15.09 6.49 Metals 6,949,401 32.39 13.92 Wood and Plastics 586.766 2.73 1.18 Thermal and dampness protection 2,260,087 10.53 4.53 Doors and windows 1,194,967 5.57 2.39 Finishes(paint, covering, etc..) 3,721,601 17.34 7.45 Equipment 15,175 0.07 0.03 Furnishings including retractable seating 1,640,662 7.65 3.29 Conveying frameworks (lifts/escalators) 350,445 1.63 0.70 Fire protection 815,850 3.80 1.63 Plumbing 2,623,075 12.22 5.25 Heating, ventilation and air cond. (HVAC) 6,911,690 32.21 13.84 Refrigeration 771,925 3.60 1.55 Electrical 5,885,993 27.43 11.79 Construction administration fee 2,410,383 11.23 4.83 Construction contingency (1,777,304) (8.28) - 3.56 Owner’s contingency 408,422 1.90 0.82 FFE Allowance 5,305,000 24.72 10.62 Total Cost 56,278,684 262.29

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Yale University Sport Facilities Yale Bowl, which was opened in 1914 for the Yale-Harvard football game.

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Future of Sport Facilities What do you think sport offices without bounds will resemble?

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Discussion Questions and Activities Questions 1-6 Page 21 Due Thursday

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