Part 12: Religion.

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Religion is for the most part learned through family socialization. Formal means-inside of a sanctuary, ... State religion - a religion that has some self-rule yet gets state ...
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´╗┐Section 12: Religion The Meaning of Sacred Meaning Soc 100 Dr. Santos

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What does religion accomplish for us? Meets essential otherworldly needs Explains the significance of life and enduring The hallowed domain - the measurement of life separate from the ordinary; inspires amazement Provides rules, convictions, and qualities that different right from wrong Sacrilizes our way of life - makes a few things in our way of life holy and undeniable

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Components of religion Meaning framework - a confidence or world-see that gives a feeling of importance and reason in life Belonging framework - an arrangement of interpersonal connections and fellowship systems Structural framework - a steady example of parts, statuses, and authoritative practices

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Meaning framework Micro-level Includes the thoughts and images of religion Provides a "major picture" clarification for riotous or generally unlimited occasions The importance arrangement of religions shift with the requirements of every society

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Belonging framework Micro-and meso-level Many individuals join religions since they feel a feeling of having a place there, not on the grounds that they put stock in the inhabitants Religions in the U.S. that support endogamy and foster belongingness have been the best lately

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Structural framework Macro-and worldwide level Religious powers must decipher certain occupants of confidence - generally there would be minimal regular significance, simply singular elucidations Religions must discover a method for raising assets, guaranteeing bunch coordination, and so on. Religions must get to be organized keeping in mind the end goal to survive Routinization of allure

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How do people get to be religious? Miniaturized scale level examination Religion is for the most part learned through family socialization Formal means-inside a sanctuary, church, or mosque Informal means-by watching others hone their religions, "do what they lecture" Individuals as a rule change religions first on the having a place level - meaning and auxiliary levels take after

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Symbolic interactionist point of view Concerned with how individuals comprehend things and build their universes Myths - stories typifying thoughts regarding the world Rituals - bunch exercises in which myths are strengthened Orthopraxy-congruity of conduct Orthodoxy-similarity of convictions Symbols - anything that can remain for something else Symbols are utilized broadly as a part of ceremonies to speak to myths

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Rational decision viewpoint Individuals who have opportunity of religion choose whether to have a place with a religious gathering by measuring the expenses and advantages of enrollment Churchgoers saw as buyers Churches seen as entrepreneurial foundations Religious gatherings produce wares to take care of shopper demand

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Religion and cutting edge life: Meso-level investigation In more mind boggling social orders, religion is particular from different organizations, however impacts and is affected by them The predominant religion by and large backings the political framework and philosophy of the prevailing gathering and can be forced by different establishments

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Religion and family Parents furnish our first contact with religion Religiosity - a people level of religious contribution Associated with constructive good convictions and practices Religion can some of the time expand family strains

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Religion and legislative issues Theocracy - standard by God (or religious pioneers who act as per God\'s assumed wishes) State religion - a religion that has some self-rule yet gets state charge cash Some states forbid religion Civil religion - a development that creates in complex social orders which depends on an arrangement of convictions, images, and customs that invade numerous parts of common life and organizations; they embrace what the country remains for. E.g., the American Creed

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Religion and the economy Max Weber-Protestantism and free enterprise Predestination "The calling" Self foreswearing and postponed satisfaction Individualism Religion is a major business in the United States When the economy is terrible, religions emerge that foresee a quick end to the world

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Types of religious affiliations The ecclesia - claim everyone inside the limits of a specific culture as individuals Denominations - for the most part backings the essential estimations of the bigger society, has an unmistakable progressive system, prepared authority, and obliges the state Sects - structure in challenge against its guardian religion; isolated from different religions and social gatherings, guarantee a restraining infrastructure over religious truth, and regularly request all out devotion of their individuals New religious developments - not at all like factions, if these gatherings get by for a few eras, get to be built up, and increase some authenticity, they turn out to be new religions in the general public instead of new categories of the current confidence

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Religion in the public arena: Macro-level examination Functionalist viewpoint - religion has constructive outcomes in the public eye through: Promoting social union "Gift" (legitimizing) social qualities and standards Promoting social change (e.g., country building, social equity, triumph, and so on.)

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Religion in the public eye: Macro-level investigation Conflict point of view - religion can fill distinctive needs for individuals in light of their position in the public eye and can fortify socially-characterized contrasts in a way that legitimizes disparity Marx - religion propagates the present social structure and goes about as "the sedative of the masses" Religion is class-situated in many social orders Elective partiality

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Racial inclination, sexual orientation preference, and religion Part of contention hypothesis Ministers used to decipher consecrated writings to legitimize, clarify and maintain racial chains of command Women have customarily been more dynamic in religion than men, however are frequently denied the most noteworthy positions inside the congregation

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Religion in North America Religion overall has been more steady than precarious after some time Mainline Protestant & Catholic religions are losing individuals while fundamentalist (Evangelical) and Pentecostal gatherings are picking up individuals

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Secularization - a development far from the heavenly and sacrosanct for rationale and observational proof Acts contrastingly on various levels of examination There is a general pattern toward secularization, yet religion is still vital at the smaller scale level and has various full scale level results, including fundamentalist kickbacks The worldwide level is absolutely mainstream

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Social strategy: The gay person faces off regarding Opposition to homosexuality is high among fundamentalists Liberals see the dismissal of gay people inside chapels as oppressive Policy issues for the future include: Whether gay people can get to be pastorate Whether gay marriage ought to be allowed Whether houses of worship ought to wind up required in administrative approaches: e.g., protected alteration banning gay marriage

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Religion in the cutting edge world Fundamentalist gatherings - those that have confidence in an exacting translation of their blessed books and an individual involvement with their divinity; for the most part trust they are the one genuine religion; regularly dismiss innovation Liberal scholars - accept there can be more than one way to truth (however they may feel that their own convictions are the fullest and most finish way); some underscore social equity, peace

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Most religious gatherings advocate peace and concordance, yet some attempt to spread what they see as the "genuine word" through power Conflict between religious gatherings is more serious if ethnic, bigger religious, and monetary contrasts exist Religion can likewise diminish scorn between gatherings if there are a few shared characteristics between gatherings New innovation has took into consideration more prominent spread of religions

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