Part 6 Conditions of Cognizance.

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moderate mind influxes of a casual, conscious state. Delta Waves. extensive, moderate floods of profound rest ... Cerebrum Waves and Sleep Stages. Rest. loss of cognizance that is: ...
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Section 6 States of Consciousness

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States of Consciousness our familiarity with ourselves and our environment Selective Attention our mindfulness concentrates on just a constrained bit of what we encounter mixed drink party impact

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Attention Inattentional visual impairment inability to see unmistakable articles when we are going to another errand Conscious consideration must be in one spot at once

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Sleep and Dreams Circadian cadence the organic clock generally compares to 24-hour day/night cycle repeating real rhythms attentiveness body temperature

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Measuring Sleep Activity

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Sleep Stages Cycle through 5 rest arranges like clockwork Stage 1 Sleep brief stage; vibe of falling Stage 2 Sleep 20 minutes; shafts (blasts of cerebrum movement) Stage 3 Sleep brief; transitioning to more profound rest Stage 4 Sleep 30 min.; delta (extensive, moderate) mind waves; profound rest REM Sleep 10 minutes; distinctive dreams

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Sleep Stages REM ( R apid E ye M ovement) Sleep repeating turns out to be longer as night goes on clear dreams dumbfounding rest remotely quiet (muscles) inside excited (heart rate)

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Brain Waves and Sleep Stages Alpha Waves moderate cerebrum floods of a casual, wakeful state Delta Waves vast, moderate influxes of profound rest stage 3 and stage 4 Hallucinations false tactile encounters stage 1: may encounter mental trip like pictures

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Brain Waves and Sleep Stages Sleep loss of awareness that is: occasional characteristic reversible

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Awake Sleep stages 1 2 3 REM 4 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Hours of rest Typical Nightly Sleep Stages

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Minutes of Stage 4 and REM Decreasing Stage 4 25 20 15 Increasing REM 10 5 0 1 2 5 6 7 8 3 4 Hours of rest Typical Nightly Sleep Stages

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Sleep Deprivation Are You Sleep Deprived? 1. Need a wake up timer with a specific end goal to wake up at the fitting time. 2. It\'s a battle for me to get up in the morning. 3. Weekday mornings I hit the nap bar a few times to get more rest. 4. I feel drained, crabby, and worried amid the week. 5. I experience difficulty thinking and recalling. 6. I feel moderate with basic considering, critical thinking, and being imaginative. 7. I regularly nod off sitting in front of the TV. 8. I regularly nod off in exhausting gatherings or addresses or in warm rooms. 9. I regularly nod off after overwhelming dinners or after a low dosage of liquor. 10. I regularly nod off while unwinding after supper. 11. I regularly nod off inside five minutes of getting into bed. 12. I frequently feel lazy while driving. 13. I frequently rest additional hours on weekend mornings. 14. I regularly require a rest to get past the day. 15. I have dark circles around my eyes.

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Sleep Deprivation Effects of Sleep Loss weakness weakened focus resistant concealment crabbiness hindered execution expanded mischances planes cars and trucks

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Accident recurrence More rest, less mishaps Less rest, more mishaps 2,800 2,700 4,200 2,600 4000 2,500 3,800 2,400 3,600 Spring time change (hour rest misfortune) Fall time change (hour rest picked up) Monday after time change Monday before time change Sleep Deprivation

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Why do we require rest? Defensive kept our initial precursors from exploring during the evening Recuperation restore and repair cerebrum tissue Remembering restore & modify recollections from the day Growth development hormone discharged amid profound rest

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Sleep Disorders Insomnia tireless issues in falling or staying unconscious Natural Remedies Exercise Avoid caffeine (counting chocolate) Dimmer lights Avoid snoozes Wake at same time every day Turn clock away

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Sleep Disorders Narcolepsy wild rest assaults may slip by straightforwardly into REM rest, regularly at awkward times Hypersomnia 12-14 hours for every day in addition to rest Fatigue, focused on –out getting a handle on Rule therapeutic

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Sleep Disorders Sleep Apnea irregularly quit breathing amid rest incessant fleeting arousals normally ignorant of these scenes Night Terrors for the most part found in youngsters appearance of being frightened (quick heart rate) happen amid Stage 4 not the same as bad dreams (which happen amid REM)

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Sleep Walking/Talking happen amid Stage 4 (non-REM) Sleep keeps running in families more basic in youth typically safe not recollected the following morning

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Dreams (REM) pictures, feelings, and contemplations going through a dozing individual\'s brain hallucinatory symbolism discontinuities incongruities distinctive review: on the off chance that we are stirred amid REM rest (or directly after)

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Dreams - Freud Sigmund Freud - The Interpretation of Dreams (1900) dreams saw as wish satisfaction outlet for generally unsatisfactory emotions

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Dreams - Freud Manifest Content recalled story line of a fantasy incorporates genuine encounters from the day Tetris test Latent (Hidden) Content fundamental importance of a fantasy Freud: revealing this shrouded significance can individuals resolve individual issues

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Dreams REM Rebound propensity for REM rest builds taking after REM lack of sleep Why do we dream? Freud: outlet for inadmissible sentiments Not bolstered by examination Information handling: to "record" recollections Link between REM & memory affirmed by cerebrum filters

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Hypnosis one individual (the subliminal specialist) recommends to another (the subject) that specific observations, sentiments, contemplations or practices will suddenly happen Depends on the subject\'s openness to proposal

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Hypnosis Posthypnotic Amnesia assumed failure to review what one encountered amid spellbinding prompted by the hypnotherapist\'s recommendation Memory Recovery Research has not upheld the case that mesmerizing recuperates recollections that are constantly precise Testimony in light of trance is regularly banned

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Hypnosis "Corrosive" Study (Orne & Evans, 1965) spellbound subjects advised to dive hand into "corrosive" & toss it in analyst\'s face Next day: denied they would take after such summons control bunch: advised to "imagine" they were entranced unhypnotized subjects performed the same goes about as the spellbound ones

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Hypnosis Unhypnotized persons can likewise do this

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Hypnosis Posthypnotic Suggestion recommendation to be done after the subject is no more spellbound utilized by a few clinicians to control undesired indications and practices has been observed to be useful for treatment of heftiness addictions (drug, liquor, smoking) don\'t react too

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Hypnotic Pain Relief 2 Theories Dissociation a split between various levels of awareness case: "ice shower study" - separate the impression of chilly from the passionate enduring we characterize as excruciating Selective Attention trance doesn\'t square tactile data, however it might hinder our regard for difficult jolts

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Hypnosis as a social wonder: ordinary condition of cognizance subjects feel and act in routes proper for "good trancelike subjects" Hypnosis as partitioned cognizance most scientists accept there is something else entirely to it than simply being a "decent subject" now and then subjects do practices regardless of the fact that they think nobody is watching mind movement – regions illuminate just as subjects are truly seeing a shading

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Attention is occupied from an aversive scent. How? Partitioned cognizance hypothesis: mesmerizing has brought on a part in mindfulness Social Influence hypothesis: the subject is so made up for lost time in the spellbound part that she disregards the smell Hypnosis Divided Consciousness or Social Phenomenon?

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Drugs & Consciousness Psychoactive Drugs chemicals that change recognitions & states of mind Tolerance cerebrum adjusts science to counterbalance drug impacts progressively bigger measurements are expected to get the impact Withdrawal inconvenience taking after the suspension of a medication

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Drug Tolerance

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Dependence & Addiction Physical Dependence showed by physical agony and wanting when the medication is truant Psychological Dependence not physically addictive, but rather client has a mental need to utilize the medication stress-diminishing medications Addiction habitual medication desiring and utilize

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Addiction Myths Addictive medications rapidly degenerate (False) In many cases compulsion does not happen when medications are utilized medicinally Example: Those offered morphine to control torment don\'t pine for the medication like addicts who use morphine to change their disposition Even with profoundly addictive medications (cocaine) just some individuals (around 15%) get to be dependent Therapy is required to overcome addictions (False) Therapy & bunch backing is useful, however individuals do likewise recuperate all alone

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Psychoactive Drugs Three Categories Depressants Stimulants Hallucinogens All work at the mind\'s neurotransmitters Stimulate, hinder, or impersonate neurotransmitter movement Our desires additionally assume a part

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Depressants Reduce neural action Slow body capacities Examples: Alcohol Barbiturates (sedatives) Opiates

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Depressants - Alcohol Slows response times Speech slurs Lowers hindrances Feelings of invulnerability Disrupts preparing of late encounters into long haul recollections Blackouts come about incompletely from the concealment of REM rest Prolonged & unreasonable drinking can influence cognizance (mind contracting)

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Depressants - Barbiturates Tranquilizers Mimic the impacts of liquor Depress sensory system action Prescription barbiturates used to affect rest or decrease nervousness Can be deadly if brought with liquor or in huge dosages

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Depressants - Opiates Opium and its subordinates Morphine; Heroin Depress (moderate down) neural action Lessen torment and uneasiness by making a feeling of delight Pleasure is fleeting and another measurements might be hungered for Larger and bigger measurements are required Withdrawal indications can be compelling Increasing dosage can le

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