Part 7.


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Part 7 Early Societies PE in US acquired from improvement of Europeans from ancient times to 1800s. Included basic instincts: running, bouncing, wrestling, swimming, climbing, tossing. Tribal/family pioneers taught aptitudes through impersonation. Egyptians Warrior class utilized weapons, chariots
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Part 7 Early Cultures

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PE in US acquired from improvement of Europeans from ancient times to 1800s. Included ingrained instincts: running, bouncing, wrestling, swimming, climbing, tossing. Tribal/family pioneers taught abilities through impersonation.

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Egyptians Warrior class utilized weapons, chariots Dancing for function & excitement Tomb painting delineate aerobatic exhibition, bounce & hop, ball games, and wrestling .

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Chinese Military class utilized guarded aptitudes

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India deemphasized physical perspectives

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Greece Birthplace of Western human advancement 4 periods: Homeric, Spartan, Early Athenian & Late Athenian

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Homeric Greeks Before 776 BC Named for Greek Poet Iliad & Odyssey Greek Ideal Arete mental, moral, physical incredibleness

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"Always exceed expectations, and be overwhelming above others, and not bring disgrace on hold of my ancestors..." Iliad 6.207-11

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Spartans 776-371 BC driving city-state agoge controlled by government young men recruited 7-30 strict order

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Early Athenians 776-480 BC w/popularity based structure training private 7-18 palaestra & paidotribes grown-up guys military 18-20 Upper class in exercise rooms

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Late Athenians 480-338 BC Victory over Persia lead to development accentuation on individual needs rather than state tumbled to Macedonia in 338

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The Ancient Olympics 776 BC to 400 AD

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From 776 BC, the Games were held in Olympia at regular intervals for just about 12 centuries.

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The initially recorded Olympic Games occurred in 776 BC. There was only one occasion, a race over a separation called a stade. A stade spoke the truth 180 meters, about the stadium\'s length at Olympia. The race was won by a youthful cook, Coroebus, from Elis.

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The Philosophy

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Part of a noteworthy religious celebration regarding Zeus; opportunity to collect Discussions of political issues; structure unions. Additionally scene of political contentions

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The Olympic Truce organized by the city-condition of Elis declared by envoys conveyed to all edges of the Greek world to report the drawing closer Olympic celebration likewise declare Truce, which secured competitors, guests, onlookers and authority government offices who went to the celebration.

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Chariot race of the memorial service recreations of Patroklos: our first look of composed Greek sports where prizes are granted. Note the cauldron and the tripod as prizes.

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The Games and the Olympic Spirit Today’s Games are the world\'s biggest show of athletic aptitude and aggressive soul. They are additionally shows of patriotism, business and governmental issues. This contention has been noted since old times.

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In one of Aristophanes\' comedies, one character prescribes that another rub his neck with fat in readiness for a warmed contention with a foe. The debater answers, "Spoken like a got done with wrestling coach." (Aristophanes, Knights l.490ff.)

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Sotades at the ninety-ninth Festival was successful in the long race and broadcasted a Cretan, as indeed he might have been. In any case, at the following Festival he made himself an Ephesian, being paid off to do as such by the Ephesian individuals. For this demonstration he was ousted by the Cretans.

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Sculptors were dispatched to make statues of triumphant competitors Statues set up in the Sanctuary of Zeus at Olympia were optimistic pictures of competitors. Just if a competitor won three Olympic triumphs could a reasonable similarity of the competitor show up in the Sanctuary.

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The Site

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Model of the Sanctuary of Zeus at Olympia

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Olympic Stadium

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Olympia fifteen kilometers from the Ionian Sea. based on a lush plain, north of the Alpheios River and south of forested slopes.

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The structures of Olympia shaped a little "V" around Kronos Hill. The most unmistakable structures of Olympia were: the recreation center stadium (for the footraces) hippodrome (for steed races).

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The Events

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6 Events Pentathlon disk spear bounce running wrestling Running Wrestling Boxing Equestrian chariot riding Pankration

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Boxing

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Boxing included 688 BC Boxers battled until they either caved in or conceded annihilation. The boxer wore cowhide thongs staring them in the face as a kind of boxing glove. With time, gloves got to be harder. On the off chance that nobody went down or surrendered, the boxers regularly consented to trade blows until one broken down.

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Trainer Watching Wrestlers

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Chariot Racing

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Tethrippon (4 steeds) Racers in outside paths had a more drawn out separation, yet a mechanical gadget opened the doors in grouping. The stallions\' proprietors were once in a while the ones hustling them. They would employ somebody to race, however in the event that the racer won, the proprietor would be broadcasted victor.

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Riding

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The steed race was included at the thirty-third Olympiad. The rider was normally paid by the proprietor. Racer rode exposed back on one stallion.

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Pankration

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tiresome blend of boxing and wrestling guidelines banned just gnawing and gouging a rival\'s eyes, nose, or mouth with fingernails had separate divisions for both men and young men Xenophanes portrays the pankration as "that new and awful contest...of all holds"

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Discus

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Discus contenders were given five tosses The best tosses were tallied. There were very few records of plate. One, in any case, expresses that an acclaimed competitor had a toss of 30 meters. The present world record is 67.5meters.

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Javelin

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Javelin Technique The spears were typically produced using light wood and a calfskin thong was utilized as a hold. In rivalry, a competitor would keep running with the spear level to his ear. When he came to the estimation line, he would toss the lance.

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Jump

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Halteres were hand weights that looked like phone recipients. The jumper would swing them as far forward as he could amid take-off and swing them in reverse as he landed. Hopping was frequently joined by a woodwind.

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Running

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Races at Olympia 1 stade (192 m.) 2-stade race (384 m.) long-separation run which went from 7 to 24 stades (1,344 m. to 4,608 m.). 2 to 4-stade (384 m. to 768 m.) race by competitors in covering otherwise called...

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Hoplitodromos Competitors wore head protector greaves (defensive layer for the legs) adjusted shield

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The races were keep running in warms, and the last racer remaining was the champ.

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Wrestling

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Wrestling Blows were not permitted. Stumbling was allowed. No gnawing or gouging was permitted. There was no weight qualification.

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Wrestlers were anointed with olive oil then cleaned with powder to make them less demanding to get a handle on. The opposition occurred in the "keroma", or beeswax, a sloppy and sticky stadium!

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The Contestants

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Only free men who communicated in Greek could contend. Hitched ladies were banned on punishment of death from the Sanctuary of Zeus on the times of the athletic rivalry for young men and men.

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MILO With five triumphs at Olympia, maybe the most popular and effective of Olympic wrestlers was Milo. At the point when endeavoring his 6th Olympic triumph at forty years of age, he was at long last beaten by a more youthful man.

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Mr. Fingertips A well known pankriatist named Sostartos was nicknamed "Mr. Finger-tips," on the grounds that he would soften his adversaries fingers ahead of schedule up the match to make them surrender.

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Professionalism?

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old competitors consistently got prizes worth the word competitor is an antiquated Greek word that implies "one who vies for a prize" identified with two other Greek words, athlos importance "contest" and athlon significance "prize."

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Cities which sent contenders to the Olympics in the fifth century B.C.

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How could they have been able to they end? Enthusiasm for books and expressions of the human experience Conquering Romans swung to diverse types of “sport”

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Early Christians were against the Olympics in light of the fact that they were a festival for the divine beings. One of the first Christian heads of Rome, Theodosius the Great, stopped the Games uncertainly in 394 A.D., after 320 Olympiads and after around 1200 years.

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Websites utilized as a part of this presentation: http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/Olympics/sports.html http://www.he.net/~archaeol/9607/abstracts/olympics http://www.hickoksports.com/history/olancient.html http://library.thinkquest.org/20622/the.htm http://devlab.cs.dartmouth.edu/olympic/http://www.ausport.gov.au/anc.html htmlhthttp://www.upenn.edu/exhibition hall/Olympics/olympicintro.html http://www.ecnet.net/clients/gemedia3/Olympics/olympics.html

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