Part 9.

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Section 9. Race and Ethnicity. The Weight (or Benefit) of Race. PAGE 276 : Extract from "DAYS OF Beauty" by A. Ashe. Race as a social development. Organically talking, due to the mixing of individuals from various parts of the world, there is no such thing as an "unadulterated" race.
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Section 9 Race and Ethnicity

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The Burden (or Privilege) of Race PAGE 276 : Excerpt from “DAYS OF GRACE” by A. Ashe.

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Race as a social development Biologically talking, due to the mixing of individuals from diverse parts of the world, there is no such thing as a “pure” race. Race = a social class recognized by socially-chose organic characteristics. What are cases of “socially selected” natural characteristics?

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Race as a social & mental development More as of late, individuals have chosen/impacted which race they have a place with by which one he/she relates to the most. In U. S. cases of racial classes: Native Americans Latin or Hispanic Americans African-Americans Asian-Americans Middle-Eastern Americans Anglo-Americans

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Ethnicity = A social classification recognized (by others or independent from anyone else) by subcultural and/or nationality attributes. 5 Main Features of Ethnicity (Ethnic Categories) Unique social attributes Sense of group A sentiment ethnocentrism Ascribed enrollment from conception (in adulthood can be accomplished) Territoriality Examples???

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Ethnicity/Ethnic Categories * Note an ethnic classification is a minority-status classification by definition; it signifies connection to a culture that is diverse or novel from the overwhelming U. S. society. Subsequently, there is no such ethnicity as “English - American,” despite the fact that England is an alternate nation. Samples of Ethnic Categories? Note : There is a SPECIFC COUNTRY connected to American, NOT an entire mainland like Africa or Europe.

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Race & Ethnicity Consider : Why do we talk about such ideas as “Race” and “Ethnicity?” OPPORTUNITIES and LIFE CHANCES. Cases?? Indeed, even as your creator states, race and ethnicity influence to what extent individuals live - in the United States.

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Race & Ethnicity For the first run through , Census 2000 made it feasible for individuals to show that they fit in with more than one race.

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What do we mean by “minority” and “majority?” Minority-status = A social position that is generally burdened as far as life chances, e.g., blocked chances to political impact, monetary investment, rights. Dominant part status = a social position that is generally advantaged as far as life chances, e.g., impact politically, financial support, rights.

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Minority and Majority Statuses Examples of dominant part status in the U. S. social structure of society? Illustrations of minority status in the U. S. social structure of society?

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Related ideas: Prejudice = a negative mentality in light of broken speculations about individuals from chose social classifications, e.g., race, ethnicity, age, capacity. Generalizations = Overgeneralizations about appearance, conduct, or different attributes of individuals from social classes.

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Related concepts… Discrimination = The act of treating individuals unequally . See Figure 9.1 on page 285 . Illustrations of every class? 2 classes of separation Individual: one-on-one unequal treatment. Institutional: When unequal treatment of individuals is installed into social associations and establishments ( e.g., privately by land industry, car industry, dating, work environment, military).

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Related concepts… Racism = Prejudice and separation taking into account race. Isolation = the spatial and social division of social classifications ( e.g., race, ethnicity, capacity level, social class, sexual orientation, religion). Absorption = the procedure by which individuals from minority races and ethnicities get to be assimilated into the prevailing society.

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4 Levels of Assimilation a.) Cultural absorption (a.k.a., cultural assimilation) = when individuals from a racial or ethnic minority embrace parts of overwhelming society, e.g., dialect, dress, qualities, religion, and sustenance. b.) Structural osmosis (a.k.a. combination) = when individuals from a racial or ethnic minority pick up acknowledgment into ordinary social association with individuals from the dominant part race or ethnicity ( e.g., in the work environment, in companionship, social clubs).

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4 Levels of Assimilation… c). Natural absorption (a.k.a. amalgamation) = when individuals from one race or ethnicity wed individuals from another race or ethnicity. * Note: Biological digestion (or amalgamation) is more finished in nations, for example, Mexico and Brazil than in the U. S.) d.) Psychological Assimilation = An individual person’s change in racial or ethnic self-recognizable proof.  Focus > Native-Americans. Have been here the longest. At which level are Native Americans?

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Theoretical Perspectives of Race and Ethnic Relations Review Table 9.A on page 291 .

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Review ALL racial minority classifications in Ch. 9 of Text Asian-Americansâ  African-Americans Hispanic-Americans Native-Americans Middle-Eastern Americans GROUP DISCUSSIONS>>> History? Life Chances Today?? How does ethnicity influence both components (history and life chances) for a few races?

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