Perception Frameworks Air-ocean Fluxes, Mists, Precipitation.


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Air-ocean Fluxes, Clouds, Precipitation. Cloud Radar and Microwave Radiometer. NOAA Ship ... surface layer. Impact of stratification and blending on cloud base ...
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Slide 1

Perception Systems Air-ocean Fluxes, Clouds, Precipitation Cloud Radar and Microwave Radiometer

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NOAA Ship Ronald H. Chestnut

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NOAA Ship Ronald H. Cocoa

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Ron Brown Mast

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NOAA/ESRL Turbulent Flux System

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TeraScan obvious picture with Stratus Buoy (NOAA-18, 20:43 UTC 10/19/2006) GOES, NOAA, DMSP, SeaWiFS, Aqua, and so forth

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Radiometrics Model 1500 22-30 GHz Continuous water vapor profiles up to 10km, coordinated fluid water. NOAA ESRL likewise has a Model WVR-1100 (post box)

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Ron Brown C-band Radar reflectivity 08:00 UTC 08/01/2004

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Ron Brown C-band Precip Radar

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Ron Brown 915-MHz Wind Profiler

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ILW IR PWV Shortwave

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NOAA ESRL Ship Observations TAO/PACS and Stratus Fall 2001, 2003-07 (6 years) 20˚S, 75-85˚W ( Stratus ). 2001, 2003-04, ±10˚N, 95˚ and 110˚W ( TAO/PACS ). Watch: Surface meteorology Turbulent and radiative fluxes Cloud vertical structure: top, base, and LCL. Rawinsonde profiles Column water vapor and fluid water way Aerosols

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NOAA/ESRL Measurement Systems for Stratus Cruises

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Cruise Tracks PACS: Spring 2000-02 Fall 1999 - 2004 STRATUS 2001, 2003-07

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GFDL CM2.1 IROAM TAO/PACS Heat Fluxes 95 & 110˚W 0 - 40 - 40 inactive - 80 - 80 - 120 - 120 - 160 - 160 - 12 - 8 - 4 0 4 8 12 - 12 - 8 - 4 0 4 8 12 0 sensible - 10 - 10 - 20 - 20 - 12 - 8 - 4 0 4 8 12 - 12 - 8 - 4 0 4 8 12 Model TAO float WHOI (1984-2002) [Yu and Weller 2007] CORE (1984-2004) [Large and Yeager 2004] NOAA ship perceptions (1999-2002) [Fairall et al. 2008] 0 - 25 - 25 longwave - 50 - 50 - 75 - 75 - 12 - 8 - 4 0 4 8 12 - 12 - 8 - 4 0 4 8 12 300 250 sun powered 200 150 100 - 12 - 8 - 4 0 4 8 12 - 12 - 8 - 4 0 4 8 12 200 150 100 net 50 0 - 50 - 50 - 100 - 100 - 12 - 8 - 4 0 4 8 12 - 12 - 8 - 4 0 4 8 12 north scope

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Potential temperature, dampness, and cloud vertical-longitude area

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PACS Synthesis Examples

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Liquid and vapor water section diurnal inspecting

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2 6 cloud main 6 5 6 1.5 7 4 6 3 7 3 5 3 1 5 7 3 6 5 6 7 3 4 5 7 3 1 4 6 5 4 3 5 4 tallness (km) 1 3 1 7 1 4 cloud base 3 4 6 5 1 4 5 1 7 4 6 3 6 4 7 1 5 6 1 6 1 6 3 7 5 7 5 7 4 7 4 1 3 4 0.5 surface LCL 3 4 3 0 - 85 - 82.5 - 80 - 77.5 - 75 degrees longitude Cloud stature diurnal testing 0 250 25 50 18 6 18 6 18 6 18 6 18 6 12

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Effect of stratification and blending on cloud base Cloud base above 900 m decoupled from surface layer cloud base 10% higher than LCL

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FY2009 Ron Brown Strawman – Subject to change DAS Port Stratus (20S, 85W) Charleston – Arica 53 6 TAO/PACS (95W – 110W, 12N – 12S) Arica – Charleston 41 6 [23 week drydock] Western Boundary Current Charleston – San Juan 21 3 NTAS/MOVE/NWS (45W, 16N) San Juan – Barbados 15 3 Pirata (38W – 8E, 21N – 19S) Barbados – Charleston 33 3 Total for FY2009 160 20

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FY2010 Ron Brown Strawman – Subject to change DAS Port Stratus (20S, 85W) Puenta Arenas – Arica 29 3 TAO/PACS (95W – 110W, 12N – 12S) Arica – Miami 41 6 [10 week drydock] Western Boundary Current Miami – San Juan 21 3 NTAS/MOVE/NWS (45W, 16N) San Juan – Barbados 16 7 Pirata (38W – 8E, 21N – 19S) Barbados – Miami 33 3 Deep Corals (GOM) Miami – Panama 28 3 CalNex (Southern California) Panama – San Diego 46 5 Vents (East Pacific Rise) San Diego – San Diego 18 3 Total for FY2010 236 29

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NOAA/ESRL works and keeps up various frameworks on the RHB Turbulent and radiative fluxes Microwave radiometer and ceilometer Cloud, wind, and precipitation radars Radiosondes Occasional co-sending with lidar frameworks NOAA/ESRL arranges various organizations the following 3-5 years Deployments rely on financing (e.g., radiosondes) Other boats are utilized (UNOLS, Ka\'imimoana, USCG ice breakers, and so forth)

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