Posses and Social Disorganization .


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Gangs and Social Disorganization. How Ya Doin’?. MCF-Red Wing site visit head count (4/14?) Papers (4/21) Arrangements for 2 nd midterm exam In-class Thursday, May 5 OR 8:00am - 10:00am Tuesday, May 10 . next. Thursday – no class! Spring Break: Tuesday 3/22 – anomie theory.
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Posses and Social Disorganization

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How Ya Doin\'? MCF-Red Wing site visit head tally (4/14?) Papers (4/21) Arrangements for 2 nd midterm exam In-class Thursday, May 5 OR 8:00am - 10:00am Tuesday, May 10

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next Thursday – no class! Spring Break: Tuesday 3/22 – anomie hypothesis

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Gangs, Class, and Delinquency Criminologists\' points of view Thrasher and different definitions Social basic causes Gang part\'s viewpoint: Sanyika Shakur\'s viewpoint Police viewpoint: Film/Lecture: Sgt Mike Martin: Gangs in Minnesota How can he characterize a pack? What does he think causes packs? Individual and Societal level causes What is the " importation speculation?"

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Social Structural Theories Contrast with individual or social-mental hypotheses Social Disorganization Anomie and Opportunity Conflict Gender-based "Root" social and social causes Then, Delinquent Careers in the Juvenile Justice System

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Social Disorganization Theory Background Race, ethnicity, and "Conceived Criminals" Clifford Shaw & Henry McKay (1942) : a sharp censure to bigot generalizations Assumptions Delinquency because of breakdown of group institutional controls Normative agreement Disorganization is brought on by quick social change (industrialization, urbanization, movement) Social confusion prompts self-propagating criminal qualities and conventions

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Social Disorganization Conceptual Tools Social complication Ethnic progression Cultural transmission of reprobate customs Methods Maps! Graphic insights Life histories Critique Ecological steadiness Ethnic gatherings don\'t blend Measurement: "disruption" = wrongdoing

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Shaw

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SIMPLIFIED SOCIAL DISORGANIZATION DIAGRAM Social Change Industrialization Urbanization Immigration [tie to destitution, portability, heterogeneity] Weakened institutional & casual social controls Development of unconstrained play gatherings and groups Cultural Transmission of reprobate conventions High misconduct rates

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approach and augmentations Policy Implications: Chicago Area Projects Recreation, neighborhood wellbeing and sanitation, indigenous pack specialists No assessment information Replications Boston Midcity extend (no impact) "moving to circumstance" test today demonstrates some guarantee in decreasing rough wrongdoing Extensions: Robert Sampson and "Neighborhood Collective Efficacy" Survey measures of neighborhood attachment and casual social controls Videotaping physical and social issue

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Extensions: Robert Sampson "Aggregate Efficacy" of neighborhoods Survey for neighborhood union and casual social controls Videotaping physical and social issue Neighborhoods that can understand their own qualities have bring down wrongdoing rates

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