Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques .


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Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques. There are a number of techniques which are used to diagnose prenatal defects in fetuses whose mothers are at risk of having a baby with an abnormality.
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Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques There are various systems which are utilized to analyze pre-birth absconds in embryos whose moms are at danger of having a child with a variation from the norm. This might be an issue of a family history of an inconsistency, or that the guardians have as of now had one youngster with an imperfection. Pre-birth testing might be performed on the grounds of the age of the mother. Basic systems are: Alpha Feta Protein Amniocentesis Chorionic villus inspecting Ultrasound examining

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Birthing Factors Toxemia or preeclampsia Bleeding amid pregnancy Placent displasia Prolonged birth Breech births Cesarean area (25% of all births) Anoxia during childbirth is greatest hazard

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Apgar Test

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Plasticity how much a creating structure or conduct is helpless to Experience (i.e., sustain) Can the earth RETARD engine improvement? Can engine advancement be SPEEDED? Will engine advancement be impacted by a child\'s way of life?

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Physical Development Cephalocaudal Principle Head to tail Proximodistal Principle Near and far Principle of Hierarchical Integration Principle of Independent Systems

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Gross Motor Skills: Fine Motor Skills Month One: Can lift button slightly Hands fisted/reflexive grasp Month Two: Wobbly head while sitting Swipes toys with/hands Month Three: Holds head unfaltering in sitting Hands open Rolls back to side Grasps/holds a protest Puts weight on arms while on tummy Hands play at midline Month Four: Sits on propped arms Reaches with both arms/hands Rolls tummy to side Brings fingers/submits mouth No head slack seen when pulled to sit Squeeze get a handle on rising Month Five: Rolls tummy to back Reaches with great point Wiggles couple of feet forward Puts objects/toys in mouth Pushes up with arms while on belly Picks up spoon or glass by handle Sits propped on hands Starts snatching feet Month Six: Sits quickly independently Reaches accurately and handles objects Sits in a highchair Transfers toys from hand to hand Rolls over both ways Bangs a container on a table

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Gross Motor Skills: Fine Motor Skills Month Seven: Sits unsupported~30 seconds Crosses midline when achieving Rocks on each of the fours Uses entire hand to rake in articles Pivots around while on tummy Thumb to finger get a handle on emerging Month Eight: Transitions tummy to sit Bangs 3D shapes together Crawls forward Uses a three-fingered grasp Reaches while on tummy Month Nine: Transitions sit to tummy Uses thumb to forefinger get a handle on (rough) Pulls to stand while holding on Crude arrival of objects Creeps on every one of the fours Drops toys and objects Stands while inclining toward furniture Points record finger Month Ten: Cruises along furniture Pokes with fingers Stands unsupported briefly Uses thumb to pointer get a handle on (exact) Transfers from slither to sit Stacks objects Month Eleven: Stands unsupported Releases a 3D shape freely Walks with hands held Removes pegs from a pegboard Month Twelve: First autonomous steps Puts questions in a compartment Stands unsupported~12 seconds Releases a protest absolutely Assumes/keeps up kneeling Stacks two one-crawl cubes

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Age Large Motor Skills Small Motor Skills 2 - 3 years Walks all the more musically; rushed walk changes to run. Put on and evacuates basic things of dress. Hops, jumps, tosses, and gets with inflexible abdominal area. Zips and unfastens bigger zippers. Pushes riding toy with feet; small guiding. Utilizes spoon successfully

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3 - 4 years Walks up stairs, rotating feet, and ground floor, driving with one foot. Affixes and loosens expansive catches. Hops and jumps, flexing abdominal area. Serves self nourishment without help. Tosses and gets with slight contribution of abdominal area; still finds by catching ball against mid-section. Utilizes scissors. Pedals and directs tricycle. Duplicates vertical line and circle. Draws first picture of individual, utilizing tadpole picture.

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4 - 5 years Walks first floor, substituting feet. Utilizes fork viably. Runs all the more easily. Cuts with scissors taking after line Gallops and skips with one foot. Duplicates triangles, cross, and a few letters. Tosses ball with expanded body revolution and exchange of weight on feet; gets ball with hands. Rides tricycle quickly, controls easily.

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5 - 6 years Increases running rate. Utilizes blade to cut delicate nourishment. Runs all the more easily; takes part in genuine skipping. Ties shoes. Shows develop tossing and getting design. Draws individual with six sections. Rides bike with preparing wheels. Duplicates a few numbers and straightforward words.

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