Prologue to Citizen Participation in Science and Technology .

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The connection. Disadvantages of the
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Prologue to Citizen Participation in Science and Technology CIPAST in Practice – Doing Citizen Participation Pierre-Benoit Joly, INRA/TSV Alain Kaufmann, University of Lausanne

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The setting Drawbacks of "General society Understanding of Science" or "shortfall model" are currently generally recognized

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The setting Drawbacks of "People in general Understanding of Science" or "deficiency model" are broadly recognized "Deliberative or participatory turn" Democratic shortage in S & T Environmental emergency and different discussions; gaining from the GMO debate Questioning specialists and leaders in hazard appraisal and administration Activists or concerned gatherings ("logical citizenship") Technology Assessment (TA, pTA, CTA, RTTA,… ) as an exit plan

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Varieties of open engagement Rowe and Frewer (2000; 2005): around 100 systems Public correspondence, PUS or open guideline show (Callon): TV communicate, hotline, meetings, and so on. Open conference : referenda, studies, center gatherings, and so on. Open support, open civil argument demonstrate (Callon): subjects\' juries, nationals\' and accord gatherings, arranging cells, and so forth

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« Eight rungs on the stepping stool of native participation » A Ladder of Citizen Participation - Sherry R Arnstein Originally distributed as Arnstein, Sherry R. "A Ladder of Citizen Participation," JAIP, Vol. 35, No. 4, July 1969, pp. 216-224.

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A definition "Open interest" includes a gathering of methodology intended to counsel, include, and advise the general population to permit those influenced by a choice to have a contribution to that choice."

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« Your thoughts are mine » « I thought she was more intelligent !»

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Benefits anticipated from open support in science and innovation Quality of learning (epistemic contention) : laypeople and partners can add to information generation and distinguish arrangements which can enhance the advancement procedure; restricted levelheadedness; e.g. lay the study of disease transmission

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« Currently, here is the thing that we think about GMOs… Thus there is no balanced motivation to be frightened! »

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Benefits anticipated from open interest in science and innovation Quality of information (epistemic contention) : laypeople and partners can add to learning generation and recognize arrangements which can enhance the advancement procedure; deliberative reasonability; e.g. lay the study of disease transmission Democratic shortage (regularizing contention) : cooperation enhances majority rules system and improves citizenship; deliberative vote based system , strengthening Political authenticity (instrumental contention) : investment permits a more comprehensive administration in a setting portrayed by a developing many-sided quality and by lost open enthusiasm for legislative issues; re-inforces authenticity

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2. A short look at pTA encounters

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A Light-green Agricultural Sector (1994) Electronic Identity Cards (1994) Infertility (1993) The Future of Private Automobiles (1993) Technological Animals (1992) Educational Technology (1991) Air Pollution (1990) Food Irradiation (1989) Human Genome Mapping (1989) The Citizen and unsafe Production (1988) Gene Technology in Industry and Agriculture (1987) List of accord meetings sorted out in Denmark (1987-2002) Testing our Genes (2002) Roadpricing (2001) Electronic Surveillance (2000) Noise and Technology (2000) Genetically changed Food (1999) Teleworking (1997) The Consumption and Environment without bounds (1996) The Future of Fishing (1996) Gene Therapy (1995) Where is the Limit? – compound substances in nourishment and the earth (1995) Information Technology in Transportation (1994)

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JAPAN Gene treatment (1998); high data society (1999); hereditarily changed sustenance (2000) NETHERLANDS Genetically adjusted creatures (1993); human hereditary qualities explore (1995) NEW ZEALANDS Plant biotechnology (1996); plant biotechnology 2 (May 1999); biotechnological bug control (Sept. 1999) NORWAY Genetically adjusted sustenances (1996); brilliant house innovation for nursing homes (2000) SOUTH KOREA Safety & morals of hereditarily changed nourishments (1998); cloning(Sept. 1999) SWITZERLAND National power approach (1998- - directed in 3 dialects with concurrent interpretation); hereditary building and sustenance (June 1999); transplantation medication (Nov. 2000) U.K. Hereditarily altered nourishments (1994); radioactive waste administration (May 1999) U.S.A. : Telecommunication innovations (1999), Nanotechnology (2005) List of accord meetings composed somewhere else : ARGENTINA Genetically altered nourishments (2000); human genome extend (2001). AUSTRALIA Gene innovation in the natural way of life (1999) AUSTRIA Ozone in the upper environment (1997) CANADA sustenance biotechnology (Western Canada, 1999); metropolitan waste administration (Hamilton City/Region, 2000) FRANCE Genetically altered nourishments (1998), Climate Change (2001), Domestic squanders (2004), Public transportation in South East (2006), Nanotechnology (2007) GERMANY Citizens\' Conference on Genetic Testing, (2001 Deutsches Hygiene-Museum) ITALY Consensus Conference on GMO\'s ISRAEL Future of transportation (2000)

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Tool box for common society investment Advisory boards Citizen\'s admonitory chambers Citizen\'s jury (counting arranging cells, and so on.) Consensus meeting Focus bunches Future Workshops Mediation Negotiated run making Planning for genuine Public hearings Public review Referendum Scenario Workshops … (Ifok, For the European Conference on Civil Society Participation, June 2003)

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3. Potential downsides

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Some « hot issues » concerning investment What is the political authenticity of PP ? How are PP associated with political choice ? Which affect for PP on the general population circle, science and innovation approach, and advancement forms ? Which technique to pick, for which objective and in which setting ?

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4. Metaplan presentation Metaplan work out: Articulation of individual investigation and gathering talk Collective elaboration (confining) of an issue The question you will deal with: " What would I like to find out about resident cooperation in science and innovation ? "

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