PSY 410 History Systems .


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PSY 410 – History & Systems. Dr. Nancy Alvarado. Welcome to PSY 410. What are systems ? Systems of thought Theoretical perspectives Ways of organizing the core ideas of our field Approaches to developing new knowledge Influences on the development of modern psychology
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PSY 410 – History & Systems Dr. Nancy Alvarado

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Welcome to PSY 410 What are frameworks ? Frameworks of thought Theoretical points of view Ways of sorting out the center thoughts of our field Approaches to growing new information Influences on the improvement of current brain research "Frameworks Psychology" implies something else than "mental frameworks" – it is a subfield of brain research that studies behavioral frameworks and their flow.

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Who are these individuals? William James G. Stanley Hall Sandra Scarr

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Sources for Today\'s Lecture Blackboard Reading 1: A History of Modern Psychology (3 rd Edition) by C. James Goodwin, Chapter 1 – Introduciung Psychology\'s History (p. 1-24). Board Reading 2: Timeline of Psychology from inside front and back fronts of the Goodwin course book.

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Why do we concentrate on history? Hegel said that the main genuine lesson of history is that countries have never taken in anything from history. The past is excessively not quite the same as the present, making it impossible to offer much assist and has little reality to those living in the present. Exhausting said: "The seats on the prepare of advance all face in reverse." The past does not foresee the future exceptionally well.

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To better comprehend the present "Imagine a man who pronounces again and again his unending adoration for a lady yet who knows nothing about where she was conceived or who her folks were or where she went to class or what her life had been similar to until he tagged along – and moreover couldn\'t care less to learn. What might you consider such a person?" David McCullough, 1992

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Why is there an APA and an APS? APA = American Psychological Association APS = American Psychological Society = Association for Psychological Science These two associations mirror the strain amongst research and practice inside brain science. A different gathering of "Experimentalists" was framed in 1906 The APA\'s division structure was made after WWII to suit the split. Regardless of that, scientists withdrew from the APA in 1988.

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Other reasons similar issues are still with us, for instance: Nature-sustain – how heritable are qualities, for example, insight, timidity or schizophrenia? Culpability? Science does not continue specifically from blunder to truth, so the advancement of current speculation is educational – the rationalization of science. A diagram of advance offers solidarity to a profoundly different field – all therapists share a typical history. Clinicians are individuals who carry on in a unique circumstance.

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Recurrent Questions Is an art of the mind conceivable? Comte said no, J.S. Process said yes, Wundt gave it a shot. How would we see, see and know about the world? What is the nature and locus of the psyche? What is the relationship amongst brain and body? Nature versus sustain (nativism versus experimentation) See Hothersall content, pg 1.

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Hot or Not? 1970\'s – Disco Boogie 1950\'s – All Hail Rock & Roll 2013 - Prom

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Presentism versus Historicism Presentism – translating the past regarding the present. Stocking (1965) – utilization of present day information and qualities to decipher the past. Was Gordon Allport supremacist when he alluded to "Negroes" or "minorities individuals"? He may be by all accounts, however not those of his time. Historicism – putting chronicled occasions inside the general setting of their times. The relevant way to deal with history.

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Psychology is relevant as well. We can\'t absolutely escape presentism since we are implanted in and shaped by our encounters, yet we can attempt. It takes a cognizant demonstration of sympathy and creative ability to attempt to place oneself in an authentic setting keeping in mind the end goal to comprehend conduct of others. This is similar compassion and creative ability requested of specialists who work with individuals not the same as themselves, even of another sex. The more you know the better this can be expert.

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Lessons from the Past It takes a demonstration of creative ability to distinguish the suppositions of one\'s own day and age. Broca was persuaded that ladies were mediocre compared to men in light of the fact that their brains were less created. He recommended that the contrast amongst male and female cerebrum sizes expanded with every era. Since his perspectives were steady with the convictions of the time, they went unchallenged.

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New Arrivals at Ellis Island Immigrants from Norway, 1904/1905

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Goddard and Ellis Island Goddard deciphered Binet\'s IQ test from French to English to screen workers upon section to the USA. Those with low scores were named "rationally imperfect" and denied passage (ousted). The test was not approved crosswise over societies. What was he considering? Why might he do this? Darwinian advancement and Mendelian hereditary qualities firmly affected thinking at the time, IQ was accepted intrinsic. The country dreaded being overwhelm by settlers. Testing was viewed as "logical" and hence faultless.

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Internal versus External History Internal history – the historical backdrop of thoughts. Follows the advancement of hypotheses held by various clinicians. Disregards impacts outside brain research that have influenced the train. Outer history – concentrates on those outside impacts from outside brain research. A more extensive view that analyzes societal and financial settings in which thoughts emerge. An adjust is required between the two.

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Timelines and Maps indicate setting Goodwin course book\'s timetable for the historical backdrop of brain research –Blackboard Reading 2. Wikipedia course of events of the historical backdrop of brain research: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_psychology

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Sample Timeline

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An Individual Person\'s Timeline

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Personal versus Naturalistic History Personal history – sees the activities of individual verifiable figures as essential. Underlines the general scholarly and social atmosphere. Hegel called this the zeitgeist Biographies are vital and recorded periods are recognized by the general population who molded occasions ( eponyms ). Our Hothersall reading material adopts this strategy. Speculations in brain research and periods embodied by specific perspectives are frequently named for individuals starting them –, for example, Freudian or Skinnerian.

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Academic Pedigrees A family is the heritage of a man or creature (the family tree). In brain research, celebrated individuals may have considered with before compelling figures, so you can follow their ancestry. Schools of believed were likewise composed around foundations where individuals worked together (e.g., significant colleges, for example, the University of Chicago). This is likewise a sort of scholarly family.

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My Academic Tree Abraham Robinson UCLA (Mathematics) later, Yale Univ. Silvan Tomkins Princeton Univ. Louis Narens UC Irvine (Cognitive Science) Paul Ekman UCSF PhD Advisor Nancy Alvarado Cal Poly Pomona Postdoctoral Mentor

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The Alternative View Naturalistic history – an approach that stresses the more extensive powers of history following up on people. Extraordinary men are specialists of strengths outside their ability to control. Exhausting advanced this perspective of brain science, the Goodwin book stresses it. Numerous occasions happen when two individuals autonomously make similar hypothesis or revelation. Darwin & Wallace created indistinguishable speculations of development However, it is mixed up to consider such strengths as deterministically controlling thoughts, as though individuals don\'t make a difference.

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Critical Thinking about History Primary versus auxiliary sources. Essential sources are documents of records, correspondence, journals, talks, minutes of gatherings, unpublished compositions and papers. Optional sources are distributed investigations or rundowns found in diaries, magazines, reference books expounded on some individual, occasion, or era. History specialists are human so their understandings mirror their convictions and unavoidably influence their work. Postmodernism scrutinizes this predisposition, yet truth can be drawn closer by means of the joined endeavors of history specialists.

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How to Study for this Course Remember the names of essential individuals. Perused the points of interest of the lives of the general population in the course reading – utilize compassion to envision the times. Continuously be asking yourself "What did this individual add to present day brain science?" Each part in Hothersall closes with a synopsis of this. Compose the general population into schools of thought and trains of brain research, and place on a course of events. Retain enter terms in red (gaze upward implications as well).

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Some Suggestions DO NOT underline your course reading. Individuals tend to underline the fundamental focuses. When you about-face, it is difficult to see the content that isn\'t underlined, which has the points of interest – so you end up considering what you definitely know. Try not to layout the sections. Diagrams likewise concentrate on fundamental focuses however not subtle elements. DO make streak cards and utilize them to concentrate on. DO utilize rehearse tests or test yourself from the book.

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When something is new Look up words you don\'t know utilizing Google or Wikipedia. Make inquiries, even in class. Keep in mind that words utilized as a part of prior hundreds of years may have had diverse implications than they do today. Gaze upward new names or terms in the records of the course reading and afterward re-read where that term was initially characterized or that individual was initially presented.

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Skimming the Book Skimming is not perusing - perusing happens with full consideration. You might be enticed to trust you definitely know the substance of the reading material\'s parts. Expect that you don\'t and read each word. The points of interest in the Hothersall book are not in your different course readings – you WILL do inadequately on the off chance that you don\'t read it. Consider yourself as a future clinician and the general population in the book as though they were your teachers, companions or associates. Think about them!

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