Reactions OF ETHNOGRAPHIC Similarity.


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New archeologists focused on anthropological prehistoric studies. In any case, before you could address questions about socially significant conduct, the ...
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Reactions OF ETHNOGRAPHIC ANALOGY Depresses Time and Denies Change The Problem of "Equifinality" Many ways to the same result Is the archeological record "solidified Behavior"? Will we straightforwardly make an interpretation of archeological expressions into importance social, political, or custom examples? Binford\'s meaning of the archeological record as static and contemporary. Make an interpretation of statics into past progression

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Is the Archeological record like Pompeii Archeologists DECIDE TO EVALUATE THIS QUESTION

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SEVERAL METHOLOGICAL APPROACHES TO THE STUDY OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ARTIFACTS AND MEANINGFUL CULTURAL BEHAVIOR RECORD FORMATION PROCESSES MID-RANGE THEORY ETHNOARCHAEOLOGY

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New archeologists focused on anthropological prehistoric studies. Be that as it may, before you could address questions about socially important conduct, the nature of the archeological record must be explored Here\'s the issue: 1. The archeological record is made out of ancient rarities at first glance and covered. Those ancient rarities are "static", which means they don\'t cooperate. 2. New archeologists are occupied with what individuals do and how they do it ( that is dynamic or element). The inquiry is how to move from statics to progression? 3. What\'s more, before you do that you need to consider whether the archeological record has changed after some time.

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MICHAEL SCHIFFER

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RECORD FORMATION PROCESSES Several parts to this model: The methodical relationship between ancient rarity securing, creation, use , dispose of and the arrangement of the archeological record. Schiffer needs to know the relationship between life histories of antiques, the archeological record, and social conduct B) Breaks society down into an arrangement of exercises that change material into something helpful track the life histories of artifacts C) separates sorts of curio connections SYSTEMIC CONTEXT ARCHAEOLOGICAL CONTEXT

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ASSUMPTIONS THAT SCHIFFER MAKES TO CONSTRUCT SYSTEMIC AND Archeological CONTEXT CULTURE IS A SYSTEM ( HAVE YOU HEARD THAT BEFORE?) HUMAN ACTIVITY IS A TRANSFORMATION OF ENERGY THAT TYPICALLY INVOLVES ARTIFACTS ARE THERE OTHERS? Shouldn\'t something be said about Archeological LAWS?

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WHAT ARE RECORD FORMATION PROCESSES? At the point when DO THEY OPERATE? WHY DO Archeologists STUDY THEM? WHAT IS SCHIFFER\'S ULTIMATE GOAL? WHAT DOES HE WANT TO "Reproduce?

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MID-RANGE RESEARCH Binford\'s methology for connecting Statics to Dynamics Research with the Nunamiut at Anatuvak Pass

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What is Mid-Range Theory? IT\'S Not general Theory Because the archeological record is contemporary, can not know the past straightforwardly. Could just know the past in a roundabout way through "static" ancient rarities Required to mention that linkage are objective facts, trials, and examination intended to interface the present statics with past progression: record development ethnoarchaeology, test archaeology

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Questions in regards to Mid-Range Theory [based on the Binford article] What are the objectives of Binford\'s article: Dimensional Analysis of Behavior and Site Structure? Does Binford fabricate a model to address these objectives? Then again does he address through the investigation of a solitary spot What are convenient ancient rarities? What are curated ancient rarities? Is Schiffer\'s qualification amongst systemic and archeological connection pertinent to this article? How What is the site capacity of the Mask site? Is there a relationship between site capacity and curio statement? Is Binford\'s way to deal with the relationship between social action and ancient rarity not the same as Schiffer\'s? How? What does Binford need to clarify?

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Culture Process: General Systems Theory The objective of Culture Process: To make clarifications of culture change… . THE CAUSES OF CULTURE CHANGE Systems Theory (or General Systems Theory) was the underlying model that was utilized to build clarifications. So: we have to ask what is framework? What\'s more, how is that definition incorporated with the structure of frameworks hypothesis

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Systems Structure

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Definitions A System: A limited element that is comprised of segment parts. The parts of " related" . That implies that the activity of one segment influences the activity of another. All parts of a framework have limit conditions. This implies every segment has a reach inside which they work Because all parts have an extent, the framework itself has an extent inside which it can work. Homeostasis: support of a framework inside its limit conditions Postive criticism: segment deviations are increased This can change the framework Negative input: Component deviations are discouraged and framework is kept up at the present or past state

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SYSTEMS THEORY, MORE DEFINITIONS This meaning of framework is utilitarian. Capacity: as in every part takes care of an issue Function: as in every segment has an objective—Keep the framework running… human versatile framework CULTURE AS A SYSTEM Components, a large portion of which are not noticeable archeologically Each of those segments have objectives and limit conditions The framework has objective - human survival

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Archeological Systems Theory Model Outputs - Change Culture T1 Inputs: Environment Subsistence Settlement Population Culture T2

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HOW DOES A CULTURAL SYSTEMS THEORY CAUSE CHANGE? Framework change brought about by one or more segments surpassing their limit conditions ( positive input) But what tosses a part out of harmony? New Archeologists depended on outside causes: Climate change, populace development, asset consumption.

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Systems Theory in Mesoamerica What is the part of Systems Theory in this article? What are the reasons for change from chasing and assembling to agribusiness? Why do Mesoamerican macrobands get to be stationary? Kent Flannery

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Strengths of Systems Theory Explanations A noteworthy change over society recorded clarifications of progress :intrusion, free creation, or dissemination Provided a structure for talking about new adjustment: agribusiness or the advancement of the state.

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Weaknesses of Systems Theory Causes of progress were outer (And Post-processualists super despised this viewpoint) System size and many-sided quality required "real" occasions to bring about change Description of how change happens; not why

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