Reasoning: The Energy to Comprehend.


129 views
Uploaded on:
Category: General / Misc
Description
Reasoning: The Energy to Comprehend Part 9 Logic An enthusiasm to comprehend, an adoration for astuteness… passing on data is not as critical as helping other people in their quest for knowledge The Branches of Rationality
Transcripts
Slide 1

Rationality: The Passion to Understand Chapter 9

Slide 2

Philosophy An energy to comprehend, an affection for wisdom…conveying data is not as imperative as helping other people in their quest for shrewdness

Slide 3

The Branches of Philosophy Metaphysics…an territory of reasoning that arrangements with inquiries concerning the way of extreme reality… a quest for request and wholeness, is human instinct physical or spiritual… extreme inquiries regarding persons and about the universe

Slide 4

Epistemology and Axiology Epistemology: A region of logic that looks at inquiries regarding how and what we know…what learning is true…is there a distinction in the middle of information and conviction? Axiology: A zone of logic that arrangements with the way of values…the nature of the great and the lovely. Morals is worried with good values and behavior; Esthetics is worried with the hypothesis of excellence

Slide 5

Thinking as a Philosopher Abstraction and Precision…this pressure is at the heart of the philosopher’s assignment Analytic thinking…a thinking methodology that spotlights on inquiries of the “what appears to be” sort; incorporates deliberations, creative energy, speculation, and rationale Prophetic thinking…a thinking technique that spotlights on inquiries of the “what should be” sort; incorporates acumen, association, following bad faith, and trust

Slide 6

Logic Deals with the way of reasoning…logic inspects the rule that permit us to move starting with one contention then onto the next Deduction…the kind of thinking that moves from a general explanation to a particular conclusion Induction…the kind of thinking that moves from the specific occasion to a general conclusion

Slide 7

Prophetic Ways of Thinking Seeks to reveal various, even unique substances or principles…four segments of prophetic considering: wisdom, association, following lip service, and trust Discernment…develop a dream of what ought to be Connection…relate and show sympathy to others Tracking Hypocrisy…what is the hole in the middle of standards and practice Hope…the world can improve

Slide 8

Schools of Philosophy and their Influence on Education Idealism…ideas are the main genuine reality, the material world is portrayed by steady change and uncertainty…the influence of reason is underlined and the experimental strategy and sense recognition are deemphasized Plato, Socrates…dialogue Kant…a priori and a posteriori Jane Roland Martin…continuing discussion and the female voice

Slide 9

Realism Reality, information, and worth exist autonomous of the human personality Aristotle…one can obtain investigating so as to learn of thoughts or structures matter John Locke…distinguished between sense information and the items they speak to Alfred North Whitehead…attempted to accommodate parts of vision and realism… “process” is the focal part of authenticity

Slide 10

Pragmatism An open universe that is dynamic, advancing, and in a condition of becoming…process philosophy…truth is the thing that works Charles Sanders Peirce…belief is a propensity for activity embraced to overcome hesitation John Dewey…life is a progression of covering and interpenetrating encounters and situations…the essential unit of life is the individual experience Richard Rorty…reality is not settled, scholars must depict the genuine\'s way

Slide 11

Existentialism Reality is lived presence and last reality dwells inside of the individual…the just assurance is that we are free…we are what we pick Sartre…existence goes before embodiment Nietzsche…indicts the matchless quality of crowd qualities, industrialist insatiability Maxine Greene…unyielding confidence in human beings’ ability to construct and rise above their lived worlds…living is theory

Slide 12

Eastern Ways of Knowing Platonic logic affected by Eastern accentuation on the fanciful nature of the physical world Eastern methods for knowing push the inward world, instinct as opposed to sense, enchantment as opposed to exploratory revelations Indian thought and Chinese thought concentrate on agreement with extreme reality Japanese thought attached to Shintoism, perceiving the essentialness of nature

Slide 13

Native North American Ways of Knowing 400 or more distinctive gatherings of Native people groups in North