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Religion. Indecent and Hallowed Separating Between Normal and Phenomenal. Emile Durkheim Religion concentrates on things that surpass the cutoff points of our own insight Profane
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Religion Sociology, Tenth Edition

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Profane and Sacred Differentiating Between Ordinary & Extraordinary Emile Durkheim Religion concentrates on things that outperform the cutoff points of our own insight Profane – "outside the sanctuary"- Ordinary components of regular day to day existence Sacred – That which is exceptional, moving a feeling of amazement, worship, and even dread Religion – The social establishment including convictions and practices based upon an origination of the sacrosanct Ritual – formal, stately conduct Sociology, Tenth Edition

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Faith Belief tied down in conviction as opposed to logical confirmation If not science, what? Logical social science is keen on the outcomes of religious conviction instead of an immediate study of the conviction frameworks Sociology, Tenth Edition

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Structural Functional Analysis of Religion According to Durkheim religion has 3 noteworthy capacities Social union – Unites individuals through shared images, qualities, and standards Totem – a question in the regular world altogether characterized as consecrated Social control – The utilization of religious images and dialect to control human conduct has dependably been with us Provides importance and reason – Personal otherworldly existence permits people to go through extreme circumstances without aggregate crumple Critical Evaluation Downplays religion\'s dysfunctions, for example, producing social clash and brutality Sociology, Tenth Edition

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Symbolic-association Analysis of Religion is socially developed (albeit maybe with perfect motivation). Through ceremonies like supplications, fasts, observances we hone the qualification amongst hallowed and degrade According to Peter Burger putting our concise lives in some infinite casing of reference gives us the similarity of security and perpetual quality Critical Evaluation Socially developed religion just works in the event that we disregard that it is a social build Downplays religion\'s connection to social disparity Sociology, Tenth Edition

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Social-clash Analysis of Religion serves the decision elites by legitimizing business as usual and occupying individuals\' consideration from social imbalances Disrupts societies with endeavors to "change over barbarians Focuses on the "better world to come" Marx called it the "opium of the general population" Critical Evaluation Downplays religion\'s endeavors to advance social correspondence as in the abrogation of bondage and the social equality development Sociology, Tenth Edition

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Religious Organizations Church – association that is all around incorporated into society State church – formally aligned with the state Denomination – autonomous of the state and pluralistic Sect – a sort of religious association that stands separated from the bigger society Leaders infrequently have moxy – professional individual qualities that can transform a group of people into supporters Cult – religious associations that are generously outside a general public\'s social conventions Sociology, Tenth Edition

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History of religion IN PREINDUSTRIAL SOCIETIES RITUALS PRACTICED 40,000 YEARS AGO EMBRACED "ANIMISM" ELEMENTS OF THE NATURAL WORLD ARE CONSCIOUS LIFE FORMS THAT AFFECT HUMANITY NO FULL-TIME RELIGIOUS LEADERS IN INDUSTRIAL SOCIETIES SCIENCE HAS OFTEN REPLACED RELIGION AS A SOURCE OF COMFORT AND CERTAINTY SCIENCE IS SILENT WHEN IT COMES TO ANSWERING "WHY" WE AND THE REST OF THE UNIVERSE EXISTS OFTEN THESE TWO BELIEF SYSTEM ARE AT ODDS WITH ONE ANOTHER Sociology, Tenth Edition

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Christianity 2.0 BILLION FOLLOWERS 85% OF AMERICANS AND CANADIANS CHRISTIANITY BEGAN AS A CULT IT IS MONOTHEISTIC (ONE GOD) JESUS CHRIST IS CENTRAL FIGURE AS BOTH MAN ON EARTH AND SON OF GOD PREACHES PERSONAL SALVATION MANY SPLITS FROM ORIGINAL FORM OF ROMAN CATHOLICISM Sociology, Tenth Edition

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Islam 1.2 BILLION FOLLOWERS NOT ALL MUSLIMS ARE ARABS THE MIDDLE-EAST, ASIA, AND PARTS OF AFRICA ARE ISLAMIC-CENTERED ISLAM IS THE WORD OF GOD AS REVEALED TO THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD, BORN IN MECCA AROUND 570 THE QUR\'AN URGES SUBMISSION TO GOD (ALLAH) AS THE PATH TO INNER PEACE FIVE PILLARS OF ISLAM RECOGNIZE ALLAH AS THE TRUE GOD RITUAL PRAYER GIVING OF ALMS TO THE POOR FASTING DURING RAMADAN MAKING THE ONCE IN A LIFETIME PILGRIMAGE TO MECCA Sociology, Tenth Edition

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Global Map 19-1 Christianity in Global Perspective Sociology, Tenth Edition

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Global Map 19-2 Islam in Global Perspective Sociology, Tenth Edition

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Judaism 15 MILLION ADHERENTS WORLDWIDE NATIONAL MAJORITY ONLY IN ISRAEL JEWS BELIEVE THAT A COVENANT EXISTS BETWEEN GOD AND GOD\'S CHOSEN PEOPLE THE TORAH EMPHASIZES MORAL BEHAVIOR IN THE WORLD DENOMINATIONS: ORTHODOX JEWS ARE VERY TRADITIONAL REFORM JUDAISM IS MORE CHURCH-LIKE CONSERVATIVE JUDAISM ACTS TO BRIDGE THE FIRST TWO BELIEF SYSTEMS ANTI-SEMITISM PREJUDICE AND DISCRIMINATION AGAINST JEWISH PEOPLE Sociology, Tenth Edition

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Hinduism THE OLDEST OF ALL WORLD RELIGIONS MORE THAN 800 MILLION BELIEVERS FOUND MOSTLY IN INDIA AND AFRICA NO SACRED WRITINGS LIKE THE BIBLE PRINCIPLES: DHARMA REFERS TO CORRECT LIVING KARMA REFERS TO BELIEF IN SPIRITUAL PROGRESS THROUGH REINCARNATION NIRVANA REPRESENTS SPIRITUAL PERFECTION AND A RELEASE FROM THE CYCLE OF REBIRTH Sociology, Tenth Edition

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Buddhism 350 MILLION PERSONS ALMOST ALL ASIANS RESEMBLES HINDUISM IN DOCTRINE AND CHRISTIANITY DUE TO ITS TIES TO THE LIFE OF ONE INDIVIDUAL SIDDHARTHA GAUTAMA ACHIEVED "BODHI" OR ENLIGHTENMENT BECAME "BUDDHA" NO "Lord OF JUDGMENT," BUT DAILY ACTION HAS ITS CONSEQUENCES Sociology, Tenth Edition

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Global Map 19-3 Hinduism in Global Perspective Sociology, Tenth Edition

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Global Map 19-4 Buddhism in Global Perspective Sociology, Tenth Edition

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Confucianism 100,000 PERSONS IN NORTH AMERICA PRIOR TO THE 1949 REVOLUTION, IT WAS AN ECCLESIA: THE OFFICIAL RELIGION OF CHINA PERHAPS IT IS MORE A WAY OF DISCIPLINED LIVING THAN A RELIGION Sociology, Tenth Edition

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Figure 19-1 Religiosity in Global Perspective Sociology, Tenth Edition

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Religion in the U.S. Alliance 56.2% PROTESTANTS (20.6% BAPTIST) 25.1% CATHOLICS 14.7% NO PREFERENCE 2.3% JEWISH 1.7% OTHER OR NO ANSWER RELIGIOSITY REFERS TO IMPORTANCE OF RELIGION IN A PERSON\'S LIFE TYPES: EXPERIENTIAL: EMOTIONAL TIES RITUALISTIC: FREQUENCY OF ACTIVITIES IDEOLOGICAL: DEGREE OF BELIEF IN DOCTRINE CONSEQUENTIAL: TIE INTO DAILY ACTIVITIES INTELLECTUAL: KNOWLEDGE OF RELIGION Sociology, Tenth Edition

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National Map 19-1 Religious Membership over the United States Sociology, Tenth Edition

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National Map 19-2 Religious Diversity over the United States Sociology, Tenth Edition

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Religious Practices Are Found to Be Tied to Various Other Social Patterns Social class High accomplishment: Episcopalians, Presbyterians, and United Church of Christ gatherings Moderate accomplishment: Methodists and Catholics Lower accomplishment: Baptists, Lutherans, and individuals from groups Jewish individuals have a tendency to be spoken to among the higher achievers because of weight on training and accomplishment Race and ethnicity Many religions are attached to particular areas and social orders in America Irish Catholics, Anglo-Saxon protestants, Greek universal, Russian Jews, and so forth Sociology, Tenth Edition

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Religion\'s Changing Face Secularization – verifiable decrease in the significance of the powerful and the hallowed Religion isn\'t leaving, yet rather a few elements are in decay Civil religion – A semi religious unwaveringness restricting individuals in an essentially common society American lifestyle has its center established in an ethical conviction framework Religious recovery New age deep sense of being twists Membership in standard places of worship wanes Interests increments in Fundamentalism – a preservationist religious authoritative opinion that contradicts intellectualism and common settlement for customary supernatural religion Sociology, Tenth Edition

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Fundamentalism Interpret consecrated messages truly Rejects religious pluralism Pursues the individual experience of God\'s nearness Opposes "mainstream humanism" Endorse traditionalist political objectives Sociology, Tenth Edition

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High-tech Some associations particularly fundamentalist are getting to be distinctly electronic holy places Prime-time ministers include: Oral Roberts Pat Robertson Robert Schuler 10 million normal watchers; 40 million watch some consistently The web is a standout amongst the latest modalities to spread religion to individuals Pope John Paul II called it the "new evangelism" Sociology, Tenth Edition

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