Religious Experience .

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Religious Experience. It’s Nature and Significance. Experience and Inference. Sense experience is “direct perceptual awareness” of a material being. Statements can describe or express the content of our experience Example: “I hear voices in the hallway.” (Alston, SP).
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Religious Experience It\'s Nature and Significance

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Experience and Inference Sense experience is "immediate perceptual mindfulness" of a material being Statements can depict or express the substance of our experience Example: "I hear voices in the lobby." (Alston, SP) An induction is a conclusion drawn from different articulations Example: "There are individuals talking in the corridor."

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Religious Faith imparts a few qualities to both experience and derivation: Like experience, it "feels" and additionally is acknowledged as clear or certain, in spite of the fact that it is not based tactile realities. Like surmising, it is an acknowledgment of that which is not itself specifically experienced, albeit some contend that the question of confidence can be shown by reason.

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Religious experience Religious experience (Alston, RE) imparts a few qualities to perceptual experience. Both religious and perceptual experience are methods of "direct mindfulness" of something. In this manner, there is the sentiment conviction that is establishing in the truth of direct mindfulness. Not at all like perceptual experience, in any case, religious experience is not "of" characteristic being; it is coordinated past that which can be regularly experienced.

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Philosophical Questions The Descriptive Task What are the reported qualities of religious encounters, in all their assortment? The Interpretive Task What would we be able to construe about extreme reality, in view of the information of such encounters?

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Our Readings on Religious Experience Smart investigates both the nature and importance of religious experience for the most part. Suzuki clarifies sartori , or the Buddhist experience of "a definitive nature of things." Alston and Penelhum wrangle about the noteworthiness of religious experience.

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Experiential Dimension Ninian Smart and the Varieties and Interpretation of Religious Experience

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Numinous Externally situated; of the "marvelous and dreadful Other"; dualistic Mystical Internally arranged; of a definitive unity and solidarity of all

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Numinous Externally arranged Otherness Dualistic Mystical Internally situated Connectedness Non-dualistic Two Kinds of Religious Experience Shared Characteristics 1. Diminutiveness of self 2. Points of confinement of the customary

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Exploring the Experience Some religions stress one sort of religious experience over the other. Buddhism No extreme being or reality Focus on cognizance: achievement of benevolence, peace and Christianity Ultimate Being Outer introduction (before internal development of "union")

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Exploring the Experience Some underscore a reconciliation of the two. Hinduism Braham – Ultimate reality and target truth; exists "outside of" made creatures Atman – Ultimate reality and subjective truth; exists "inside" all creatures and is experienced by aware creatures

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Exploring the Experience The qualification can make struggle inside a religion Mystic dreams v. Customary translations Christian or Sufi (Muslim) spiritualists challenge the conventional instructing of: the heavenliness and otherness of God salvation streams from "God the other"

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The Question of Truth Religion encounter has an evident subjective impact. Why think it has target centrality? Challenges from analysts in regards to the reasons for these unordinary encounters (Freud, Fromm, Jung)

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Brief Comment about Truth Freud\'s hypothesis does not make a difference generally Fromm\'s scrutinize of "numinous experience" is dreadfully judgmental Jung decreased religious experience to aggregate brain research Common issue (as indicated by Smart): Each includes judging a (religious) perspective from a (humanist) perspective – that is, subjectively applying the criteria of one point of view to that of another.

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Perceiving God Alston on the Significance of Religious Experience

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Two Kinds of Perceiving Sensory observation (SP) Rooted in the physical universe Source of cases about the presence and nature of physical things Religious experience (RE) Rooted in the putative otherworldly universe Source of cases about the presence and nature of God (and other profound marvels?)

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Sensory Perception – Direct Realism 1. the hypothesis that "what you see is the thing that you get." 2. accept that the protest of observation exists and causes the experience of discernment 3. affirms that the perceptual experience brought about by the question of recognition dependably speaks to the way of that protest.

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Religious Experience – "God Realism" religious experience is a type of experience as experience, it underpins the possibility that there is a (religious) reason for the experience Religious experience dependably speaks to the way of its religious cause: i.e., religious experience gives confirmation to the presence and nature of God ( M-Beliefs )

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The Justification Argument Based on these similitudes, Alston contends that: As sense experience legitimizes perceptual convictions (I see a table legitimizes the claim that "there is a table") So religious experience ( by means of an option that is other than tangible qualities ) legitimizes religious convictions (I "saw" God legitimizes the claim that "God exists")

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Standards of Justification Shared recognitions are a reason for cases about target reality Perception is supplemented by other shared intends to build and check learning Override frameworks apply those different means Override frameworks are themselves gotten from encounters

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Alston\'s Analogy SP and RE are essentially indistinguishable in that both: depend on individual "perceptual" encounters Support a more extensive "world view" in light of those same perceptual encounters (doxastic esteem) Have an "abrogate framework" (188)

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The Epistemology of Religious Perception (as per Alston) All cases to information must reference an experiential premise of conviction religious experience is such an unmistakable kind of experiential reason for conviction, "as" tactile experience All cases to information must fit into a particular scope of conviction substance (topic) Those who have religious encounters tend to report religiously worthy conclusions from their encounters

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The Epistemology of Religious Perception There must be an "overrider framework" to redress unjustified "jumps" for a fact Not each uncommon experience considers a religious affair, by goodness of religious groups\' own encounters and assortments of conviction It is preposterous to ask of any experiential doxastic framework that its convictions be indubitable.

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Yeah, yet… . Religious observation appears to expect what it is attempting to demonstrate Objection I – we are accepting that there is a God to bring about a RE Objection II – distinctive individuals report diverse and conflicting cases about what God is or needs Objection IV – there are naturalistic clarifications of putative religious encounters

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Yeah, yet… . Religious discernment is essentially dissimilar to tangible recognition. Complaint III – sense encounter changes as indicated by the fluctuated states of discernment Objection V – RE is not all around accessible, and its gathered cases are unclear or darken Objection VI – there is no intersubjective affirmation of RE cases

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Penelhum\'s Response The essential issue is that religious encounters – by Alston\'s own criteria – are "religiously questionable." Such encounters can be clarified by both SP (naturalist) criteria and RE (religious) criteria Alston\'s contention appears to put both on an equality, as he expressly asserts that these "doxastic" frameworks have epistemic equality.

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Penelhum\'s Response Other perceptions: The interest for equality makes us accord (epistemic) rights to evidently inconsistent religious frameworks. The interest for equality makes us accord (epistemic) right to non-religious frameworks.

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Glossary - Alston Doxastic – doing with conviction Compare: tasteful – doing with the faculties; with masterful experience Compare: existential – doing with importance; with the reason forever Doxastic hones – doing with conviction arrangement the social and intelligent traditions and models through which convictions are created and approved

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