Representation 2 data illustrations 2.


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Illustrations 2 data design 2 presentation most punctual data representation first endeavors to systemise the presentation of data utilizing design; Playfair, Minard giving quantitive data realistic showcases; Tufte complex correspondence; pictograms in medication
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Representation 2 data representation 2

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presentation most punctual data design first endeavors to systemise the presentation of data utilizing illustrations; Playfair, Minard giving quantitive data realistic showcases; Tufte complex correspondence; pictograms in medication conclusion; impact on visual computerization samples of contemporary data representation

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Lascaux hollows; soonest maps discovered demonstrate the night sky 16,000 BC Çatalhã¶yã¼k drawing may be a town\'s arrangement 7,000 BC Hecataeus of Miletus most punctual surviving ‘map of the world’ 450 BC Claudius Ptolemy spoke to circular state of the earth with viewpoint map in his Geographia 100 AD most punctual data illustrations - maps

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Scottish specialist and financial analyst; viewed as the organizer of graphical measurements credited with creating the line chart and bar outline in his ‘ Commercial and Political Atlas ’ distributed 1786 additionally credited with the pie outline, showing up in his work ‘ Statistical Breviary ’ distributed 1881 William Playfair

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French structural architect, spearheaded the utilization of charts; spoke to factual data utilizing outlines utilized graphical procedures to clarify building standards 1869 distributed factual representation of Napolean’s Russian Campaign 1812 demonstrates the position and bearing of strengths appears where powers split and where they joined shows declining numbers and where significant misfortunes happened demonstrates the temperatures at key focuses created what has come to be known as a ‘flow map’ depicted by Edward Tufte as ‘the best factual realistic ever drawn’ (Tufte, 1983) Charles Joseph Minard

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Minard’s outline of Napolean’s Russian Campaign, distributed 1869

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US analyst, Emeritus Professor at Yale taught political economy and information examination at Princeton, 1968 added to a course on insights and arranged workshops on factual representation, working with John Tukey (pioneer in data representation) 1982 sold his home and financed his book ‘The Visual Display of Quantitative Information’ Edward Tufte

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authored the term ‘chartjunk’ for data design; any piece of the realistic that does not give valuable data anything that occupies the viewer from the data that is essential chartjunk undermines the reason for the showcase the showcase ought to be utilized to give data components in the presentation that don\'t give data contend to the viewers consideration with components that do the show\'s presence ought to never overshadow its capacity inclination shading, overwhelming lines, hues, extensive content, foundations, and so on a decent realistic is one that minimizes ‘non-information ink or excess information ink’ (Tufte, 1983) Edward Tufte - ‘chartjunk’

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Tufte advocates information rich shows that contain however much data as could reasonably be expected (eg Minard’s Russian Campaign diagram); give a solitary source to an assortment of related data offer the client the chance to spot connections and patterns that may not generally be clear the ‘sparkline’ was proposed by Tufte as a different option for a full realistic representation put beside the principle content "data-exceptional, plan straightforward, word-sized graphics“ (Tufte, 2006) intended to be paramount and almost as effortlessly comprehended as the words in the sentence underneath is a concentrate from wikipedia delineating the utilization of a sparkline; Edward Tufte - ‘Sparkline’

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profoundly disparaging of Powerpoint and its successors; ‘The Cognitive Style of PowerPoint’ – the influence of utilizing Powepoint’s manufactured as a part of styles, layouts and wizards ‘PowerPoint Does Rocket Science’ – investigation of the slides utilized by Boeing to disclose to NASA administration the danger to Columbia fundamental reactions identify with the way Powerpoint debilitates compelling presentations; an excess of levels, eg each of the NASA slides contained four to six levels of chain of command! default formats lead moderators to work around pictures, as opposed to place them where they are required diagrams and charts are shortsighted and need determination – deluding went for the moderator instead of the crowd – 35mm and overhead projectors gave data, not autocue Edward Tufte - presentations

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street signs Italian Touring Club 1895 International Road Congress, Rome 1908 UK Road Traffic Act 1930 Anderson Committee 1957 Neurath and Isotype airplane terminal signs Association of German Airports 1968, Kapitzki industry Esso 1975, Institute for Environmental Design; Speikerman space! the Pioneer plaque is intended to convey without dialect to extraterrestrial life… a couple of other critical improvements

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upper left gives a representation of hydrogen molecules most bounteous component in the universe used to infer an estimation of length (21cm) and time profoundly notorious representation of human male and female double likeness decimal 8 (1000) gives stature of figure (8 x 21 = 168cm) the relative position to the sun of 14 pulsars is demonstrated specked lines give beat frequencies in units got from hydrogen iota conduct a guide of the close planetary system is incorporated, and demonstrates the test\'s direction a blueprint of the test is appeared to scale behind the figures Pioneer 10 and 11 plaques

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the work of Kapitzki, Neurath, Tufte and others propose rule that may control pictogram outline; don’t add more to the presentation than is fundamental for significance originates from contrasts – don’t add contrasts unless you need to include significance progressions are effortlessly seen data that is low in the chain of command is recommended less significance how have these standards been connected? pictograms for complex guidelines – drug going to extremes – pictograms that are dialect data illustrations and pictograms

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pictograms for complex directions - prescriptions US Pharmacopeia - USP

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pictograms for complex directions - pharmaceuticals

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i pictograms for complex guidelines - medications

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physical or neurotic states are spoken to; shading shows minute the state happens shape demonstrates physical (circle) or obsessive (square) pictogram speaks to zone of enquiry mix of primitive realistic components passes on ideas and methodology pictograms for complex directions - solutions

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an endeavor to build a composed dialect with pictograms http://www.icon-language.com accessible as ‘opentype’ text styles to download ‘everything conceivable with alphabetic characters is conceivable likewise with these symbol fonts’ pictorial dialect – Jochen Gros

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data representation was spearheaded in ranges where measuring and picturing data were essential, eg Tufte visual fashioners have drawn on the standards utilized as a part of charts, cartograms and iconograms passing on ‘everyday information’ graphically utilizing semiotic standards to streamline outline (something that’s distinctive and can be substituted, something that’s the same and can be thought about) The best data design originators have changed the way we give data; Herbert Kapitzki, Otl Aicher, Eric Speikermann In doing as such they have had a gigantic impact on all territories of visual depiction; the move far from craftsmanship and towards consistency seeking after brilliance in straightforwardness, permitting negligible representations to pass on most extreme data conclusion

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Innovative intelligent data realistic on film industry income, NYT; http://www.nytimes.com/intuitive/2008/02/23/motion pictures/20080223_REVENUE_GRAPHIC.html A rundown of sharp data representation to search through http://blogof.francescomugnai.com/2009/04/50-awesome samples of-infographics/cases

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sources Tufte, Edward R (1983) The visual presentation of quantitative data , Graphics Press. ‘The Work of Edward Tufte and Graphics Press’, [online] Available from: http://www.edwardtufte.com/tufte/(Accessed 10 March 2009). Baldwin, Jonathan and Roberts, Lucienne (2006) Visual Communication: From Theory to Practice , AVA Publishing.   Lamy, Jean-Baptiste, Duclos, Catherine, Bar-Hen, Avner, Ouvrard, Patrick and Venot, Alain : A notorious dialect for the graphical representation of therapeutic ideas , [online] Available from: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6947/8/16 (Accessed 17 March 2009). http://www.usp.org/groups of onlookers/buyers/pictograms Tufte, Edward R. (1990) Envisioning Information , Graphics Press USA.   519.530222 TUF/X Abdullah, Rayan and Habner, Roger (2006) Pictograms, Ico

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