Review Fundamental Thought/Perusing Center The English Government Appearances of History: Eleanor of Aquitaine Other Eur.

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Appearances of History: Eleanor of Aquitaine. Other European Monarchies. Map: ... Alfred drove the Viking powers north of London to what turned into the Danelaw, a ...
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Review Main Idea/Reading Focus The English Monarchy Faces of History: Eleanor of Aquitaine Other European Monarchies Map: The Holy Roman Empire The Growth of Monarchies

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The Growth of Monarchies Main Idea The force of rulers developed and the way of government changed crosswise over Europe in the early Middle Ages. Perusing Focus How did the force of the English government develop and change? How did rulers expand their forces in alternate governments of Europe?

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Anglo-Saxon England Danish Vikings Anglo-Saxon rulers relatives of Angles, Saxons who attacked in 400s For a large portion of period, England partitioned into seven little kingdoms Each had own laws, traditions 800s, Danish Vikings attacked, vanquished a few Anglo-Saxon kingdoms, not all of England 878, Viking effort cut off by Alfred the Great , lord of Wessex in southern England The English Monarchy England was one of the main nations in Europe to build up a solid focal government. Under the Anglo-Saxons, who initially brought together the nation, and after that under the Normans, who vanquished the Anglo-Saxons, the English rulers practiced impressive force. Alfred drove the Viking constrains north of London to what turned into the Danelaw, a region under Viking control.

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William Strong King William chose to take crown by power; accumulated armed force, cruised for England where Harold met him Two armed forces battled in Battle of Hastings; William won Became King William I of England, known as William the Conqueror William more grounded lord than Anglo-Saxon rulers Claimed all English area as individual property Divided area into fiefs for his Norman officers; new respectability made, all owing faithfulness to ruler The Norman Conquest Alfred\'s relatives ruled England for a large portion of next two centuries 1066, lord kicked the bucket without beneficiary; two men guaranteed throne: Harold, Anglo-Saxon aristocrat from England; William, duke of Normandy in France Supported by English honorability, Harold named new lord

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Domesday Book William requested overview taken to take in more about kingdom Wanted to know who lived in every piece of England, what they possessed, the amount they could bear to pay in expenses Resulting in Domesday Book , used to make focal duty framework for England French Culture William, Normans brought components of French society into England Most of England\'s new nobles conceived in France, communicated in French, honed French traditions Most of lower classes kept old Anglo-Saxon dialect, propensities

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More Territories More Lands Even more domains in France included when Henry wedded intense French duchess, Eleanor of Aquitane Together they controlled England, half of France in principle, French possessions made English rulers vassals of lord of France by and by, rulers of England more grounded than rulers of France, disregarded medieval commitments Kings taking after William increased significantly more influence as time passed New influence originated from procurement of new terrains, numerous in France Descendants acquired position as duke of Normandy; awesome grandson Henry II additionally child of a French duke Henry acquired father\'s properties in France, which turned out to be a piece of England The English in France

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Nobles\' Concerns New Rights Nobles concerned their rights would be taken away 1215, concerns achieved emergency point under King John got in war with France, lost the majority of England\'s French possessions Tried to raise cash with new assessment on respectability Nobles rejected assessment, went to the mattresses in opposition to ruler Rebellious nobles constrained John to acknowledge archive sketching out their rights, Magna Carta Restricted lord\'s energy; even rulers not exempt from the laws that apply to everyone else King needed to get assent of nobles before raising charges Ended lord\'s capacity to capture, rebuff individuals without cause or take property unlawfully Magna Carta By around 1200 the force of the English ruler began to stress a few nobles. They dreaded lords would mishandle their forces.

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Parliament Dissatisfaction Magna Carta tended to numerous worries, yet a few nobles still not fulfilled King continually requested endorsement to raise charges of which they disliked 1260s, nobles started another insubordination to acquire say in how kingdom was run Parliament As a major aspect of consent to end defiance, lord consented to meet with individuals from respectability, church, white collar class to talk about key issues confronting nation Resulting board formed into English overseeing body, Parliament Powers For quite a while the forces of Parliament stayed unclear Edward I one of first rulers to clear up part of Parliament, work adequately with administering body

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1295, Parliament summoned by Edward included nobles, ministry, delegates from each English region, town Had energy to make new assessments, prompt ruler on lawmaking, imperial strategy Edward fortified England\'s focal government, improved arrangement of laws Saw Parliament as apparatus for reinforcing government, not restricting it; kept Parliament in optional part to force of ruler Central Government Strengthened

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Summarize How did Magna Carta and Parliament change the English government? Answer(s): decreased the ruler\'s energy, shaped a board (Parliament) that would make new duties and prompt the lord on lawmaking

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France Capetians Power After Charlemagne, rulers of France did not run much domain Limited to zone around Paris, Orleans Rest in hands of effective nobles Mid-900s, one honorable family rose to power when one part chose ruler Hugh Capet , successors expanded force all through France Sometimes Capetians battled neighborhood nobles for force Other times made loyalties By 1300, led all of cutting edge France Other European Monarchies The adjustments in the English government were one of a kind. Amid the Middle Ages, rulers in other European nations additionally attempted to acquire power, yet their encounters were not quite the same as those of he English rulers.

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Holy Roman Empire Split Emperor Charlemagne had bound together a large portion of western Europe into one domain After his demise, the realm split into two sections Western part got to be France; eastern part got to be known as Germany France remained to some degree brought together under one lord Germany isolated into a few little expresses, each with own ruler, or duke 936, Otto the Great sufficiently increased backing to end up ruler of the Germans Otto Worked to join German grounds, vanquished parts of northern Italy 962, helped Pope John XII, remunerated by being named Emperor of the Romans Territories joined under Otto got to be known as Holy Roman Empire

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Description of Empire Holy Roman Empire Called blessed in light of the fact that realm had pope\'s backing Called Roman since Charlemagne had title Emperor of the Roman People Holy Roman Emperors Made choices, passed laws with help of Dukes kept up full power on own properties Emperors Elected 1100s, Holy Roman sovereigns did not acquire position, were tons of head Group of balloters—dukes, diocese supervisors—picked successor Crowned by Pope Person picked by voters needed to go to Rome Pope needed to crown new sovereign before his energy completely perceived

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Fighting Moors Campaigns 722, Christian rulers started to battle Moors, drive them out of Europe Christian rulers proceeded with westbound push, little accomplishment until 1000s Civil war had softened out up Muslim Spain, debilitating Moorish initiative Christian states started arrangement of crusades to retake Iberian Peninsula, called the Reconquista 1085, lord of Castile won extraordinary triumph over Moors, propelled leaders of two other Christian kingdoms to join in the Reconquista Spain and Portugal Growth of government in Spain, Portugal combined with religious battles Today the two nations offer Iberian Peninsula, which had been vanquished by Muslims in mid 700s Muslims, called Moors by Christians, fabricated effective state focused in city of Cordoba. Christians controlled just couple of kingdoms in far northern piece of landmass

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Victory over Moors Victories Together three Iberian kingdoms won a great many victorys over Moors Early 1100s, Portuguese drove Moors totally out of their territories, built up Kingdom of Portugal Pushing South Rulers of Aragon and Castile kept on pushing south, caught Cordoba 1236 Christians pushed Moors such a distance out of Spain inside a couple of years Moors not driven totally off Iberian Peninsula until 1492 Modern Spain Modern Spain has birthplaces in late 1400s Royal marriage between leaders of Aragon and Castile joined two kingdoms Combining nations and force, they administered one of most grounded nations in Europe

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Analyze How did rulers in France, the Holy Roman Empire, and Spain pick up force? Answer(s): by procuring new land and domains through unions, marriage, and victory

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