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OSHA Office of Training
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Slide 1

Stairways and Ladders OSHA Office of Training & Education

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Hazards Stairways and stepping stools cause numerous wounds and fatalities among development specialists About a large portion of the wounds brought on by slips, outings and tumbles from steps and stairways require time off the occupation Improper utilization of the top rung of a stage stepping stool OSHA Office of Training & Education

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Slips, Trips and Falls On Stairways and Ladders At the finish of this preparation, you ought to have the capacity to list or depict: Safety rules and prerequisites for stairways used at a development site Safe practices and necessities for stepping stools used at a development site OSHA Office of Training & Education

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Stairway or Ladder There must be a stairway or step at purposes of get to where there is a rise break of 19 inches or more. No less than one purpose of get to must be kept clear. Soften up rise 19 inches OSHA Office of Training & Education

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Handrail versus Stairrail Handrail System OSHA Office of Training & Education

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Handrail and Top Rail Strength Rails must have the capacity to withstand a drive of 200 pounds OSHA Office of Training & Education

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Handrails Stairways with at least four risers, or higher than 30 inches, must be furnished with no less than one handrail. The stairway to this stage has more than 4 risers and is not watched. The stage requires guarding. OSHA Office of Training & Education

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Stairrails Stairways with at least four risers or more than 30 inches high should have a stairrail along each unprotected side or edge . OSHA Office of Training & Education

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Stairs Install in the vicinity of 30 and 50 degrees. Must have uniform riser stature and tread profundity, with not as much as a 1/4-inch variety. Uniform - 30 & 50 deg. edge No more than 1/4 inch variety in any stairway framework OSHA Office of Training & Education

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Temporary Stairways Only utilize container stairs if loaded with filler material at any rate to the top edge of every skillet. Skillet OSHA Office of Training & Education

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Stairway Landings Stairways arrivals must be no less than 30 inches profound and 22 inches wide at each 12 feet or less of vertical ascent Unprotected sides of arrivals must have standard 42 inch guardrail frameworks Landing OSHA Office of Training & Education

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Platforms and Swing Doors Where entryways or doors open specifically on a stairway, give a stage that reaches out no less than 20 crawls past the swing of the entryway. OSHA Office of Training & Education

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Dangerous Conditions Fix tricky conditions before utilizing. Stairway parts must be free of projections which may bring about wounds or tangle garments. OSHA Office of Training & Education

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Ladders OSHA Office of Training & Education

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General Ladder Requirements Ladders must be kept in a protected condition - DO – Keep the zone around the top and base of a stepping stool clear Ensure rungs, spikes, and steps are level and consistently dispersed Ensure rungs are divided 10 to 14 inches separated Keep stepping stools free from slipping risks OSHA Office of Training & Education

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General Ladder Requirements Use steps just for their outlined reason - DON\'T – Tie stepping stools together to make longer areas, unless intended for such utilize Use single rail steps Load steps past the greatest load for which they were constructed, nor past the maker\'s appraised limit OSHA Office of Training & Education

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Securing Ladders This step is not on a steady surface Secure stepping stools to forestall incidental development because of working environment action Only utilize stepping stools on steady and level surfaces, unless secured Do not utilize stepping stools on tricky surfaces unless secured or gave slip-safe feet OSHA Office of Training & Education

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Portable Ladders Inspect before use for splits, marks, and missing rungs Design or treat rungs to minimize slipping Side rails - no less than 11 1/2 inches separated Must bolster 4 times the most extreme load OSHA Office of Training & Education

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Double - Cleated Ladder Use a twofold cleated stepping stool ( with focus rail) or at least 2 steps: when steps are the best way to enter or leave a working zone with at least 25 representatives when a step will serve synchronous two-way movement OSHA Office of Training & Education

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Painting Wood Ladders Don\'t paint steps Don\'t utilize a murky covering (like varnish) on a wood step OSHA Office of Training & Education

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Ladder Angle Non-self-supporting steps: (which incline toward a divider or other support) Position at an edge where the even separation from the top support to the foot of the step is 1/4 the working length of the stepping stool OSHA Office of Training & Education

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Ladder Rail Extension When utilizing a versatile stepping stool for access to an upper arrival surface, the side rails must reach out no less than 3 feet over the upper arrival surface OSHA Office of Training & Education

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Tall Fixed Ladder Requirements Equip a settled stepping stool 24 feet or longer with either a: Ladder wellbeing gadget Self-withdrawing life savers with rest stages each 150 feet or less Cage or well, and different stepping stool segments, every segment not surpassing 50 feet OSHA Office of Training & Education

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Near Energized Electrical Equipment If utilizing steps where the worker or the stepping stool could contact uncovered empowered electrical gear, they should have nonconductive siderails, for example, wood or fiberglass. This is a hazardous condition OSHA Office of Training & Education

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Top Step Do not utilize the top or top stride of a stepladder as a stage OSHA Office of Training & Education

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Crossbracing On this stepping stool the back rungs are intended for utilize Don\'t utilize crossbracing on the back of a stepladder for climbing - unless the step is intended for that OSHA Office of Training & Education

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Damaged or Defective Ladders An equipped individual must investigate steps for unmistakable deformities, as broken or missing rungs If an inadequate stepping stool is found, instantly stamp it blemished or label it "Do Not Use" Withdraw imperfect steps from administration until repaired Missing rung OSHA Office of Training & Education

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Climbing the Ladder Face the stepping stool while going up or down Use no less than one hand to snatch the stepping stool while going up or down Do not convey any question or load that could make you lose adjust OSHA Office of Training & Education

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Training A capable individual must prepare every representative in the accompanying zones, as material: The nature of fall risks in the work zone The right methodology for raising, keeping up, and dismantling the fall insurance frameworks to be utilized The best possible development, utilize, arrangement, and care in treatment of all stairways and steps The most extreme proposed stack conveying limits of steps OSHA Office of Training & Education

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Summary Key Components for Stairway Safety Treads Rails handrails stairrails guardrails Landings and Platforms OSHA Office of Training & Education

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Summary Key Components for Ladder Safety A capable individual must review Use the right stepping stool for the occupation Use the right point, bolsters, treads, cross supports and rails Don\'t over-burden Your boss must prepare you in legitimate utilization of a stepping stool OSHA Office of Training & Education

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