S3 Critical Activity - Design .

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S3 Critical Activity - Design. Art Nouveau. Introduction to Art Nouveau. Art Nouveau translates as ‘New Art’ in French. It began in the late 1880’s. It began in Britain before spreading to Europe and America.
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S3 Critical Activity - Design Art Nouveau

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Introduction to Art Nouveau Art Nouveau interprets as \'New Art\' in French. It started in the late 1880\'s. It started in Britain before spreading to Europe and America. The name originated from a Parisian shop claimed by Samuel Bing – \'La Maison de l\'Art Nouveau\'. The shop imported Japanese craftsmanship and sold the work of contemporary architects and stone workers. It was not a formal development at the time – it is just with knowledge of the past that connections and regular qualities can be set up. The development presented \'Add up to Art\' in its design –designing everything in similar style.

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Art Nouveau Influences The particular Art Nouveau style took its motivation from an assortment of sources – nature, early Celtic workmanship and Japanese craftsmanship. Normal themes were blooms, stems, leaves, serpents and dragonflies. Celtic workmanship affected with its bending and bending enrichment. Japanese craftsmanship affected with its accentuation on improving line, making level designed work with a fragile harmony amongst beautification and plain foundation. "… not negligible direct replicating of nature, but rather a free universe of innovative creation where Nature provided just the crude material." Masini, p.58

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Japanese Art \'The Great Wave\' Hokusai Decorative line Flat shading Sweeping bends

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Celtic Art Typical case of Celtic Art. Mind boggling. Intertwined lines. Common structures. Mysterious qualities.

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Characteristics of Art Nouveau Art Nouveau outlines are effectively perceived by the planner\'s utilization of line – streaming, bending, contorting and exquisite lines. The originators dismisses the utilization of straight line and request for more common development. The same is valid for 3D plans, aside from the term to utilize is frame instead of line. The normal impacts utilized are either delineated practically or in dreamy shapes. "Dreamy" means the architects adapted and misrepresented common structures. There is an accentuation on enlivening example .

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Art Nouveau Designers Alphonse Mucha – a French blurb fashioner and engineer, Antoni Gaudi – a Spanish modeler, Rene Lalique – a French diamond setter and glass planner, Charles Rennie Mackintosh – a Scottish draftsman and originator, Victor Horta – a Belgian draftsman, Hector Guimard – a French engineer and creator. The main fashioners of the development were most generally modelers, who stretched out into outlining their own particular furniture for the insides of their structures. This exhibits the \'Aggregate Art\' idea of the development.

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Alphonse Mucha – 1860-1939 Mucha was a French notice fashioner and artist of the Art Nouveau period. A large number of these outlines were for extravagance items like champagne and move appears. The female shape was the premise of a large portion of his plans. He misrepresented and stretched the structures and shapes. The way he stylised the ladies gave them a quality of charm and riddle. The significance of line is effortlessly observed here.

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Antoni Gaudi – 1852-1926 Casa Mila, Barcelona. The majority of Gaudi\'s extraordinary manifestations are in Barcelona. The way the building has been composed and manufactured figures out how to make it look as if it is one huge living structure. The façade swells and undulates. It is on a corner site and proceeds flawlessly around the twist. This is clearly an Art Nouveau working with its reasonable references to nature and beautifying, curving ironwork.

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Antoni Gaudi This nearby up permits us to perceive how the building may have been developed all the more effortlessly.

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Antoni Gaudi This photo from the rooftop permits us to see the yard in the focal point of the building.

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Antoni Gaudi Casa Batllo, Barcelona This is one of Gaudi\'s most terrific and abnormal structures. Brilliantly shaded artistic plate molded tiles have been utilized to cover the façade. The sandstone utilized for the windows has been formed and etched into lengthened, bending openings for the windows.

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Antoni Gaudi The rooftop, additionally secured with brilliant earthenware tiles, has been intended to resound the scales on a winged serpent\'s back. The rooftop is practically sculptural and showcases Gaudi\'s overall ability as a craftsman and modeler. The building is an impeccable mix of feel (appearance) and capacity (reason).

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Antoni Gaudi Casa Batllo, Barcelona This loft piece is referred to locally as the \'Place of Yawns\'. Gaudi has been keen on capacity here as he would have guaranteed the building functioned as a condo piece. Be that as it may, he has likewise been occupied with the frame and style . This is effectively found in the verandas and the way he has keenly consolidated the stonework with iron bars for wellbeing.

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Antoni Gaudi Casa Batllo, Barcelona Gaudi has been exceedingly innovative in his utilization of materials. In this one window, we can see stonework, metalwork and hued glass boards. To truly see how strange this building is, contrast it with any you have found in Scotland. Have you seen anything comparative?

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Antoni Gaudi Guell Palace, Barcelona Arched doorways Decorative ironwork Both key qualities of the Art Nouveau style.

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Rene Lalique – 1860-1945 Peacock Brooch, c.1898/1900 Gold, veneer, opals, precious stones. Lalique was an ace goldsmith who is viewed as progressive. He didn\'t utilize materials generally and once in a while utilized precious stones - strange as of now. The utilization of non-valuable shaded stones, glass and tortoiseshell drove the route for ensemble adornments later in the Art Deco period of the 1920\'s.

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Rene Lalique Landscape brush, c.1899/1900 Enameled gold and horn. Finish was additionally uncommon right now, yet Lalique adored the brilliant yet sensitive hues.

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Rene Lalique Serpent pin, c.1898/1899 Gold and veneer Lalique habitually utilized dragonflies, serpents, peacocks and effortless ladies as his source material. These share a colorful emanation of puzzle.

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Rene Lalique Dragonfly ornament. Gold and finish. This is conceivably Lalique\'s most notable piece. The veneer has been gently used to make the gleaming hues in the wings. Lalique\'s creative ability is clear in this plan which consolidates paws and a female frame in the focal point of the dragonfly.

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Rene Lalique Face pendant. Gold, silver, glass, veneer, pearl. He was exceptionally perceptive and extremely talented. This is effectively found in the complicated detail of his work. Lalique started trying different things with glass in the 1920\'s.

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C.R. Mackintosh - 1868-1928 Mackintosh\'s style is \'Workmanship Nouveau\', however his work is not precisely like alternate originators. He was not extremely very much respected in his lifetime, especially in England where they saw his work as excessively stylised or tasteful . Mackintosh utilized more measured, rich bends then the others, whose lines are some of the time named \'whiplash\'.

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C.R. Mackintosh 78 Southpark Avenue, rebuilt at The Hunterian Gallery, Glasgow This venture was a chance to make \'inside engineering\' – outlining everything inside the house to make a congruous inside. The straightforwardness and utilization of the shading white was extremely surprising as of now, especially in such a mechanical city as Glasgow. Once more, CRM has precisely mixed design and capacity.

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C.R. Mackintosh Doors for the Salon de Luxe, Willow Tea Rooms, Glasgow, 1903. Recolored Glass. Symmetry was normal in Mackintosh outlines. Clear proof of normal impacts and interest with line. Once more, extremely utilitarian as this entryway would flag a passage into a more specific territory of the Tea Rooms.

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C.R. Mackintosh Cabinet with decorated glass boards, for 14 Kingsborough Gardens, Glasgow. The enhancing recolored glass side boards were perhaps a consequence of joint effort with his significant other. Recolored glass was perfect for Art Nouveau originators to use as it is entirely simple to deliver and permitted them to utilize line and shading in a level enhancement.

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C.R. Mackintosh Hillhouse Chair This is one of Mackintosh\'s most celebrated plans. This was delivered later in his life and the distinction from prior work is self-evident. The plan is still exceptionally straight , however substantially more straightforward and limited .

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Victor Horta – 1861-1947 Hotel Tassel, Brussels They all made utilization of created iron in their work as it is extremely flexible, proper for both basic and ornamental employments. This gathering zone makes great utilization of the material. "The impact is one of awesome enhancing dream" p.105, Masini content.

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Victor Horta has left the heap bearing segments uncovered, making them turn into an enhancing highlight. This was a typical attribute in Art Nouveau - making auxiliary elements seem elaborate. Horta has resounded the bends in the balustrading with the bended stairs, tiled mosaic floor and the painted divider plans. Once more, this is the way Art Nouveau originators worked - making a consistency in the inside.

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Victor Horta The utilization of huge zones of glass and the straight iron backings takes into account a sensitive, practically straightforward approach.

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Hector Guimard – 1867-1942 Guimard was likewise a draftsman, however like alternate architects was occupied with outlining furniture as well. This is maybe on the grounds that they jumped at the chance to have an indistinguishable control over their insides from they did over the outside of a building. Guimard\'s style is exceptionally curvilinear - no straight lines.

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Hector Guimard French Pearwood seat similar thoughts apply to outlining furniture as structures frame and capacity, trimming and structure.

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Hector Guimard is in charge of the Metro station passageways in Paris. He likewise composed the particular lettering style, which numerous individuals disdained at first. The passageways for the most part made utilization of created and cast irons, which could be controlled into clearing bends.

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Hector Guimard Decorative ironwork

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