Sandra I. Woolley Electronic, Electrical and PC Building.


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A choice of slides on only a couple key occasions in right on time registering history ... The outcome is the Intel 4000 family (later renamed MCS-4, Microcomputer System 4 ...
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Slide 1

A Very Short History of Computing, Microprocessors and Microcontrollers A choice of slides on only a couple key occasions in early figuring history Sandra I. Woolley Electronic, Electrical and Computer Engineering

Slide 2

The World\'s First Computer Colossus was worked at Bletchley Park amid WWII. http://www.bletchleypark.org.uk/Bletchley Park was a noteworthy code-breaking site. Alan Turing and others took a shot at deciphering the German Engima machine codes. Mammoth was worked to interpret the Enigma codes. Bletchley Park is open today as an exhibition hall. It incorporates a PC exhibition hall and a working reproduction of Colossus. Top the Colossus PC, Bottom left Bletchley Park and Bottom right an Enigma machine. http://www.bletchleypark.org.uk/

Slide 3

Computing at Manchester after WWII Mark I The University of Manchester made an extensive commitment to the improvement of registering. They delivered the initially put away program PC, the principal coasting point machine, the primary transistor PC and the main PC to utilize virtual memory. Right Images of Mark 1 the PC worked at Manchester University after WWII Above Kilburn and Williams at the Manchester Mark 1 Console http://www.computer50.org/kgill/index.html

Slide 4

Electrical Engineering Manchester University 1950 Professor F.C. Williams Tommy Kilburn

Slide 5

The First Computer Program

Slide 6

The First Department of Computer Science Tommy Kilburn went ahead to set up another Department of Computer Science at Manchester, with 12 staff. The new office was housed in an alternate building. The planning of another syllabus was obviously a noteworthy undertaking. In October 1965 the primary admission of 30 first year understudies arrived. 1948 Professor Tommy Kilburn 1998 http://www.computer50.org/kgill/index.html

Slide 7

ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer) U.S. Armed force Computer @ University of Pennsylvania ENIAC contained around 18,000 vacuum tubes, 70,000 resistors, 10,000 capacitors, and 6,000 switches. It was 100 feet long, 10 feet high, and 3 profound. It expended 140 kilowatts of force.

Slide 8

ENIAC on a Chip ENIAC-on-a-Chip Moore School of Electrical Engineering, University of Pennsylvania http://www.ee.upenn.edu/~jan/eniacproj.html Size: 7.44mm x 5.29mm; 174,569 transistors; 0.5 um CMOS innovation (triple metal layer).

Slide 9

The Transistor John Bardeen , Walter Brattain and William Shockley found the transistor impact and built up the principal gadget in December 1947, while the three were individuals from the specialized staff at Bell Laboratories in Murray Hill, NJ. They were recompensed the Nobel Prize in material science in 1956. Created as a substitution for massive and wasteful vacuum tubes and mechanical transfers, the transistor later changed the whole gadgets world.

Slide 10

Intel 1950\'s: Shockley leaves Bell Labs to set up Shockley Labs in California. A portion of the best youthful electronic designers and strong state physicists come to work with him. These incorporate Robert Noyce and Gordon Moore. 1969: Intel was a modest new business in Santa Clara, headed by Noyce and Moore . 1970: Busicom put in a request with Intel for custom number cruncher chips. Intel had no experience of custom-chip plan and sets outs to outline a broadly useful arrangement . 1971: Intel have issues making an interpretation of models into working chip outlines - the venture runs late. Faggin joins Intel and takes care of the issues in weeks. The outcome is the Intel 4000 family (later renamed MCS-4, Microcomputer System 4-bit), involving the 4001 (2k ROM), the 4002 (320-piece RAM), the 4003 (10-bit I/O shift-register) and the 4004 , a 4-bit CPU.

Slide 11

Intel 4004 Introduced in 1971, the Intel 4004 "Computer-on-a-Chip" was a 2300 transistor gadget equipped for performing 60,000 operations for every second. It was the principal ever single-chip microchip and had around the same execution as the 18,000 vacuum tube ENIAC. The 4-bit Intel C4004 kept running at a Clock Speed of 108 KiloHertz .

Slide 12

The Intel 4004 Federico Faggin outlined the Intel 4004 processor. His initials were imprinted on the circuit.

Slide 13

The Busicom Calculator The Busicom number cruncher utilized five Intel 4001\'s, two 4002\'s, three 4003\'s and the 4004 CPU The first designing model of the Busicom work area top printing adding machine, the world\'s first business item to utilize a microchip. http://www.computerhistory.org/displays/highlights/busicom.shtml

Slide 14

Intel 8008 1972: Faggin starts take a shot at a 8-bit processor , the Intel 8008 . The model has significant issues with electrical charge spilling out of its memory circuits. Gadget material science, circuit outline and design are critical new abilities. The 8008 chip format is totally upgraded and the chip is discharged. There is a sudden surge in microchip interest. Intel\'s 8008 is generally welcomed, yet framework planners need expanded velocity, less demanding interfacing, and more I/O and guidelines. The enhanced rendition, delivered by Faggin, is the 8080 . Faggin leaves Intel to begin his own particular organization Zilog , who later create the Z80 .

Slide 15

Federico Faggin : Zilog created the 3.5MHz Zilog Z80 (an exceptionally well known processor educated in numerous colleges) … and, later, a 16-bit Z8000. Another incredible outline yet Zilog attempted to give great bolster, they were another and unpracticed organization and had just a couple of hundred representatives; as of now Intel had more than 10 thousand.

Slide 16

The Zilog Z80 The Z80 microchip is a 8 bit CPU with a 16 bit address transport prepared to do coordinate access of 64k of memory space. It depended on the 8080; it has an expansive guideline set. Programming highlights incorporate a gatherer and six eight piece enlists that can be matched as 3-16 bit registers. Notwithstanding the general registers, a stack-pointer, program-counter, and two list (memory pointers) registers are given. It had a 40 pin DIP bundle produced in A, B, and C models, contrasting just in most extreme clock speed. It was likewise made as a stand-alone microcontroller with different designs of on-chip RAM and EPROM. It demonstrates valuable for minimal effort control applications.

Slide 17

Early Microcontrollers 1974: Motorola (initially auto radio producers) had presented transistors in the 1950s and chose to try in the microchip market. They reported their 8-bit 6800 processor. In spite of the fact that cumbersome, and laden with generation issues, their 6800 had a decent outline. 1975: General Motors approach Motorola around a custom-constructed subsidiary of the 6800. Motorola\'s long involvement with vehicle makers pays off and Ford take after GM\'s lead. 1976: Intel present a 8-bit microcontroller, the MCS-48. They send 251,000 in this year. 1980: Intel present the 8051 , a 8-bit microcontroller with on-board EPROM memory. They send 22 million and 91 million in 1983.

Slide 18

Early Computer Games 1972: The computer game industry gets in progress as Nolan Bushnell begins his own particular organization, Syzygy, later renamed ATARI. Bushnell had concentrated on the initial 8-bit microchips and utilizations them to copy an arcade variant of the PC amusements he had utilized on his University\'s PCs. His first endeavor at a computer game, Computer Space, is \'excessively entangled\' and falls flat. In his next endeavor he chooses to "build an amusement so careless and undeniable that a monkey or its identical (a plastered in a bar) could in a split second comprehend it". Depressingly, PONG, what might as well be called Ping-Pong, was an awesome achievement. PC Space – the principal arcade computer game

Slide 19

Early Computers 1975: An advert in Popular Electronics portrays a $800 prepared to-fabricate PC pack in view of the Intel 8080. As of now the littlest business PCs are offering for $30,000. Steve Wozniak constructs a PC in his carport with a $20 8-bit processor from MOS Tech. Inc. (consumed by Commodore in 1977). This was the model for the Apple 1. 1978: Intel reports the 16 bit, 16-bit transport 8086 , in light of the 8080; it has 10 times the execution.

Slide 20

The Intel 8086 29,000 Transistors Clock Speeds: 5, 8 and 10 MHz Introduced: June 8,1978 Approx. 10 times the execution of the 8080

Slide 21

Early Computers 1979: Motorola likewise report a 16-bit 68000. Undeniably, the best chip available. It would be utilized as a part of the Apple Macintosh propelled in 1984. Intel take a gander at the opposition (Motorola and Zilog) and actualize \'Operation CRUSH\' - a colossal battle with an engaged and prepared work power giving client support, complete arrangements and long haul item bolster. Pound demonstrates a great system and the 8086 turns into the accepted standard. This achievement accounts increases to their item extend, one of which is the transport width diminished 8088, a 16-bit (8-bit transport) microchip . The early Apple Macintosh

Slide 22

The IBM PC 1981: IBM, having seen Apple\'s prosperity perceive another PC market. They pick Intel over Motorola and Zilog (and their own exclusive processors) as a result of Intel\'s long haul duty to the 8086 line. IBM chooses the Intel 8088 for their PC, presented in August. Intel draw out the 16-bit 80286 for the IBM PC AT however it has shortcomings, most outstandingly in virtual memory support. The most up to date "executioner" application programming, Microsoft Windows , needs an all the more intense processor. IBM " s administration to the PC business was to make the PC \'open\', this implied clone creators could contend with IBM-perfect PCs. New organizations, for example, Compaq and Dell (both from Texas) charge well, as do South Korea\'s Leading Edge and Taiwan\'s Acer who produce PCs with AT execution at a large portion of the cost. 1985: Intel report the 80386 a 32-bit microchip, of 275,000 transistors. It was the world\'s best performing processor at thi

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