www.srs.fs.fed.us/patterns Boating Trends & the Significance of Demographic Change Gary T. Green University of Georgia Ken Cordell U.S. Backwoods Service, Athens, GA & Becky Stephens University of TennesseeSlide 2
WHAT THIS PRESENTATION COVERS The NSRE & its experience A diagram of populace development & demographic enhancement Americanâs ecological qualities Recreation sailing investment & patterns Segmenting the American open & understanding their disparitiesSlide 3
HISTORY & CURRENT COVERAGE OF THE NATIONAL RECREATION SURVEY first National Recreation Survey (NRS) 1960 1965, 1972, 1977, 1982, 1995 & 2000-02 National & Regional Demand Assessments Renamed the NSRE Nationâs On-going, Long-term Outdoor Recreation & The Environment SurveySlide 4
MODULES OF QUESTIONS Participation in Recreational Activities Frequency of Participation in Days Favorite Activities & Constraints Nature-based Trip Taking/Tourism Opinions about Recreation Area Management Environmental Attitudes & Values & Objectives for Management of Public LandsSlide 5
MODULES OF QUESTIONS Wilderness Values, Knowledge, Visitation, & Management Knowledge, Objectives, Satisfactions with Congressionally Designated Areas Ownership, Uses, Motivations & Plans for Private Land Wildland-Urban Interface Issues & Attitudes Lifestyles, Demographics & DisabilitiesSlide 6
LIFESTYLES- - NEW Hobbies or different premiums Chores or planting at home Involvement with family Interest in games Community or city exercises Vacationing and travel Self study and social occasions ExerciseSlide 7
DETAILED HOUSEHOLD & INDIVIDUAL DATA (Employs Bureau of Census Protocols) No. of family individuals by age & sex Citizenship, where conceived & nation of starting point Race & ethnicity, Disabilities Occupation & livelihood status City, country/urban, ZIP Code Childhood beginning Income & instructionSlide 8
NSRE 80,000 families, Keys to the Artic Wildlife Refuge Non-standardized people 16 & more established Nationâs 8 th on-going diversion review USFS, NOAA, ERS, EPA, NPS, BLM. National Scenic Byways, Wilderness, State Agencies, Bicycle Safety, Pew Wilderness Center, â¦..Slide 9
DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE: Know the Trends & Better Anticipate Market ShiftsSlide 11
Our Changing American Society 1 million new legitimate foreigners for each year More individuals : 1990 248 mm 2020 325 mm 2050 404 mm 2100 571 mm Getting more established :Median age 35 ï®38 (2020) Changing ethnicities by 2050: Anglo Americans 76% ï®50% African Americans 12% ï®15% Hispanic Americans 9% ï®21% Asian Americans 4% ï®11%Slide 12
Demographic Percentages: 1960 & 2000 Family Income (1998$s) (N.B:45 million U.S. families in 1960,almost 75 million families in 2002) Percentiles 1960 2000 20 th $14,093 $21,600 40 th $24,298 $37,692 60 th $32,215 $56,020 80 th $44,547 $83,693 95 th $68,521 $145,199Slide 13
Demographic Percentages: 1960 & 2000 Educational Attainment , (Age 25 & Over) Percent Education level 1960 2000 8 th grade or less 37.5 7.4 9-11 th grade 18.5 9.7 High school graduate 27.1 33.8 Some college 9.1 24.7 College degree or higher 7.7 24.4Slide 14
WHAT AMERICANâS VALUE ABOUT OUR ENVIRONMENTSlide 15
Spending on the Environment Too Much 7% Too Little 49% About Right 28% (Donât Know) (15%)Slide 16
Humans Were Meant to Rule Over Nature 14% Strongly Agree 15% Somewhat Agree 29% 19% Somewhat Disagree 42% Strongly Disagree 61% (6% Neutral)Slide 17
Percentages Indicating Environmental Protection or Economic Development are Highest Priority Source: Gallup/CNN/USA Today Poll, April 13-14, 1999.Slide 18
Source: Roper Organization, 1990; Times Mirror, 1994; NEETF, 1998.Slide 19
Percentage of Americans Reporting Regulation of Natural Resources is âJust the Right Amountâ or has âNot Gone Far Enough.â Source: Dujack, 1997.Slide 20
LONG-TERM TRENDSSlide 21
At Present Over 97.6 percent report exercises Most are adding to their recreation menu Living longer means staying active longerSlide 22
Shifts in Outdoor Recreation Markets Technology innovations are making more territories, more open: - Jet water crafts - Light-weight gear - Sub-zero games clothing - Sticky climbing shoes - Night scopes Risk/Adventure pursuits are picking up in prominence: - Base hopping - Falls shooting - Mountain boarding -âJet skiingâ Traditional outside exercises still developing (reasonably); consumptive exercises declining; review/learning activities on the ascent.Slide 23
TRENDS Almost 90 percent of Americans participated in Outdoor Recreation Walking, picnicking, touring, swimming, angling, & bicycling the most well known exercises 1980âs 97 percent partook List of interests getting longer, more assorted Walking, touring, swimming, picnicking, sailing most famous 1990âsSlide 25
Activities Adding the Most Participants 16 or more seasoned, 1982-2002 Millions Growth No. in 2002 Walking 85.4 179.0 Bird watching 50.0 71.2 Hiking 48.4 73.1 Swimming/stream, lake, or ocean 36.4 92.9 Sightseeing 32.7 114.0 Picnicking 31.8 116.6 Bicycling 27.4 83.9 Developed camping 22.8 52.8 Motor drifting 17.8 51.4 Off-street driving 17.3 36.7Slide 26
PARTICIPATION TRENDS IN THE UNITED STATESSlide 27
PARTICIPATION TRENDS IN THE UNITED STATESSlide 28
PARTICIPATION BY SETTING N.B. Preparatory information results for 2003Slide 29
Regions Where Participants ResideSlide 30
FASTEST GROWING SLOWEST GROWING Motor-sculling Primitive outdoors Sailing Visit notable locales Downhill skiing Snorkeling/scuba Visit shoreline/waterside Anadromous angling Caving Small diversion chase.. Transitory winged animal chasing Picnicking Warm-water angling Saltwater angling Swimming Kayaking Snowboarding Jet skiing View or photo fish Snow-mobiling Ice Fishing Sledding View untamed life Backpacking Day trekking Bicycling Horseback riding Canoeing Mountain climbing Coldwater angling Developed outdoors Drive rough terrain Rafting Walk for delight Surfing Visit nature focuses Visit curve. locales View flying creatures Family assemblingSlide 31
Forecasts Projected Demand to 2020 Millions Indexed % Change Participating (Base year is 1995) Activities (1995) People Days Trips Water-Based Going to the Beach 124 1.24 1.17 1.17 Motor Boating 47 1.21 1.14 1.16 Swimming 78 1.21 1.12 1.09 Fishing 58 1.17 1.17 1.10 Canoeing 14 1.15 1.28 1.14 Rafting/Floating 15 1.07 1.17 1.10 Winter-Based Cross-Country Skiing 6 1.26 0.96 1.12 Downhill Skiing 17 1.22 1.31 1.36 Snowmobiling 7 1.09 1.32 1.35 ForecastsSlide 32
DEMOGRAPHIC FOOTPRINTS OF BOATERSSlide 33
CANOERS 43% female, 57% male 87% non-Hispanic white 33% under 25, 77% under 45 Incomes $25K to $75K Under 80% urban Favored by Northeasterners & MidwesternersSlide 34
KAYAKERS 44% female, 56% male 85% non-Hispanic white 60% under 35, 40% under 25 Over 1/3 win under $25K 85% urban Heavier investment in New England & Pacific Coast StatesSlide 35
SAILERS 48% female, 52% male 84% Non-Hispanic white 44% under 35 Middle to high pay workers 87% urban Favored in the North-eastSlide 36
WINDSURFERS 67% male, 33% female half under 25, 56% under 35 1/3 between $25-$50K, 1/3 over $100K Northeast & Pacific CoastSlide 37
MOTOR BOATERS 57% male, 43% female 52% between $25K & $75K 77% urban Favored in the Lake, Midwest & South Atlantic states 58 % between 25 & 55Slide 38
WATER SKIERS 60% male, 40% female 86% white, 8% Hispanic 86% under 45 Favored by Prairie & Mountain states inhabitantsSlide 39
PERSONAL WATER CRAFT 54% male, 46% female 79% white, 11% Hispanic 66% under 35 Favored in the Midwest & SouthSlide 40
Estimated proportions of rate of members to rate of aggregate populace for open air exercises by race & nation.Slide 41
Estimated proportions of rate of members to rate of aggregate populace for open air exercises by age & wage.Slide 42
BEING MORE EFFECTIVE IN OUTREACH, LISTENING, AND INFORMINGSlide 43
The Urban Beach Boys (3.8%) Young New England Wind Surfers (0.9%) The Inactives (22.0%) Segmenting for more compelling correspondence and instruction Nature Lovers (27.2%) The Noreaster Musclers (6.2%) The Thrill Seekers (8.3%) Hunt-n-Fish Menâs Motor Club (6.3%) The Take it Easies (25.3%)Slide 44
Hunt-n-Fish Menâs Motor Club (6.3%) Hunt, fish, mechanized, camp, speedboat (53%), kayak Donât take an interest in shoreline exercises or much in review/learning 88% male, 90% white, under 45, U.S. conceived, a great deal more provincial, Prairie & Southern Belong to untamed life protection gathering, read nature magazines, carpentry, possess a business, greenhouse, have pets & do home changes Humans were intended to manage over the earth & ecological emergency is misrepresentedSlide 45
The Urban Beach Boys (3.8%) Diving, Surfing, Snorkeling, Kayaking, Sailing , Backpacking, Snowboarding, Saltwater Fishing, Water Skiing , Jet Skiing . more dynamic than the vast majority in many exercises, with the exception of chasing 66% white, Asian/Pacific Islanders very much spoke to, lion\'s share under 35, U.S. conceived, & urban South Atlantic & Pacific Coast Regularly go to films, use web at home, take part in natural gatherings, contribute, & go to classes, included as an adolescent volunteer, into expressions of the human experience Feel people are manhandling the earth, weâre on a course for biological calamity &a
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