Section 1: An English-Speaking World 9-45 .


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Section 1: An English-Speaking World (9-45). An English-Speaking World. The Account of English. By Wear L. F. Nilsen In light of The Tale of English By Robert McCrum, Robert MacNeil and William Cran (Penguin, 2003).
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Slide 1

Section 1: An English-Speaking World (9-45) An English-Speaking World 19

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The Story of English By Don L. F. Nilsen Based on The Story of English By Robert McCrum, Robert MacNeil and William Cran (Penguin, 2003) 19

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English, ESL or EFL is Spoken by about ½ of the People in the World ( around 2 Billion People) (McCrum 24/50) 19

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English as a Global Language ¾ of the World\'s Mail ½ of the World\'s specialized & logical diaries ½ of all daily papers 80 % of the data in PCs All International Air Pilots All International Sea Captains Many motion pictures, melodies, and much business ½ of European business bargains 7 of the Largest TV Broadcasters (CBS, NBC, ABC, BBC, CBC, CNN, C-Span) TV Televangelism of Christianity (McCrum 10) 19

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Varieties of Global English, each with its Own Peculiar Flavor Deutschlish Franglish (la langue du Coca-Cola) Indian English Japlish (man-shon versus mai-homu, basaburo, aisu-kurimu, mai-com [my computer]) Russlish Spanglish (McNeal 10, 38-39) 19

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La Langue du Coca-Cola In France, hot cash  capitaux f ébariles Jumbo fly  gros porteur Fast nourishment  prêt-à-trough In Canada, Loi 101 : English announcements, blurbs and customer facing facades are prohibited. Numerous understudies are not permitted to go to English-dialect schools. (McCrum 39-40) 19

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Competing Global Languages Arabic Russian (before the separation of the Soviet Union in Eastern Europe) Mandarin Spanish French 19

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Education Act of 1870: RP Cockney (Cock\'s Egg) RP (Received Pronunciation) Posh (Portside Out Starboard Home) (McCrum 13-21) 19

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World War II (McCrum 23) GI Bases in England, Italy, France, Germany GI Language was clear, dishonor & truncated: 19

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Pin-Ups and Yank Magazine Every issue of Yank Magazine highlighted a stick up to help fighters to remember the young ladies back home. A stick up of Rita Hayworth is said to have been taped to Fat Boy, the nuclear bomb dropped on Hiroshima in 1945. Contrast this and the motion picture Dr. Strangelove: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb . 19

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Atomic-Bomb Words (McCrum 24) 19

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Coca-Colonialism (McCrum 24) 19

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Korean and Vietnam Wars (McCrum 25-26) 19

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David Ofgor, Attach é to the US Embassy in Phnom Penh: Talking to columnists: "You generally compose it\'s besieging, shelling, bombarding. It\'s not bombarding. It\'s air bolster." (McCrum 27) 19

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Regional Dialects (McCrum 27-29) Franklin D. Roosevelt (Eastern Money) Harry Truman (Twangy Missouran) Dwight Eisenhower, Richard Nixon & Gerald Ford (American Midwest) Lyndon Johnson (Southern) Ronald Reagan & Dan Rather (Network Standard) Kennedy Family (New England) George W. Shrubbery (Texas) 19

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Silicon Valley Words (California) (McCrum 30) 19

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British versus American Global English feathered creature, bobby, hood, boot, drawing pins, level, lift, lorry, mate, nappy, petrol, pram, desserts, burn, trunk call young lady, cop, hood, trunk, thumb tacks, condo, lift, truck, mate, diaper, gas, stroller, sweet, electric lamp, long-remove call shading/shading, theater/theater, tire/tire promotion, research facility, secretary (McCrum 32) 19

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!Disadvantages of English as a Global Language/š/ shoe, sugar, issue, chateau, mission, country, doubt, sea, cognizant, escort, schist, fuchsia, pshaw (spelled 13 ways). <sh> <ch> <ph> <th> <gh> Full, decreased, zero evaluations of consonants Long, Short, - r, schwa, and zero evaluations of vowels 15 distinctive vowel phonemes <c> <g> <q> <s> (/s//š//z//ž/) <x> (McCrum 42) 19

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!!Advantages of English as a Global Language Natural Gender, not Grammatical Gender Simplified Word Endings bringing about more noteworthy adaptability (N  V, and so forth.) Teeming Vocabulary (80 % is not Anglo-Saxon) but instead: Arabic, Celtic, Chinese, Dutch, French, German, Hebrew, Hindi, Italian, Japanese, Latin, Scandinavian, Spanish, and so forth. (McCrum 43) 19

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!!!Nilsen PowerPoints "Outside Words in English" "Worldwide English" Romance and Germanic Words in English" 19

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References: Kachru, Braj B. Models of English for the Third World: White Man\'s Linguistic Burden or Language Pragmatics? . New York, NY: Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group, 1991. Kachru, Braj B. The Other Tongue: The Spread of English and Issues of Intelligibility . Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1982. McCrum, Robert, William Cran, and Robert MacNeil. The Story of English . New York, NY: Penguin, 1986. (wellspring of guide references) McCrum, Robert, William Cran, and Robert MacNeil. The Story of English: Third Revised Edition . New York, NY: Penguin, 2003. (wellspring of content references) 19

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