Section 15 – Life at the Turn of the 20 th Century.

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Part 15 – Life at the Turn of the 20 th Century Area Notes Video Life at the Turn of the 20 th Century New Workers Urban Life Legislative issues in the Overlaid Age Isolation and Separation Maps Ethnic Neighborhoods in Chicago, 1880–1910 History Close-up Early High rises
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Part 15 – Life at the 20\'s Turn th Century Section Notes Video Life at the 20\'s Turn th Century New Immigrants Urban Life Politics in the Gilded Age Segregation and Discrimination Maps Ethnic Neighborhoods in Chicago, 1880–1910 History Close-up Early Skyscrapers Images Quick Facts Political Cartoon: Old and New Immigration Political Cartoon: Boss Tweed The Populist Movement Mexican American Worker Old and New Immigrants Visual Summary: Life at the 20\'s Turn th Century

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New Immigrants The Main Idea another rush of foreigners went to the United States in the late 1800s, settling in urban areas and upsetting some local conceived Americans. Perusing Focus How did examples of movement change when the new century rolled over? Why did foreigners come to America in the late 1800s, and where did they settle? How did nativists react to the new influx of movement?

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The old migrants 10 million foreigners separated 1800 and 1900. Known as the old outsiders, they originated from Northern and Western Europe. Most were Protestant Christians, and their societies were like the first pioneers. They came to have a voice in their legislature, to escape political turmoil, for religious flexibility, or escaping neediness and starvation. Most migrants wanted financial open door, pulled in to the open ranch land in the United States. Chinese workers had been attracted by the gold rush and employments building railways. The new workers From 1880 to 1910, another wave conveyed 18 million individuals to America. Most originated from Southern and Eastern Europe. They were Roman Catholics, Orthodox Christians and Jews. Bedouins, Armenians, and French Canadians came also. Littler numbers originated from East Asia. Extreme movement laws decreased Chinese migration, yet 90,000 individuals of Chinese drop lived in the U.S. by 1900. Japanese settlers touched base by method for Hawaii. The cosmetics of the American populace had changed. By 1910 around 1 in 12 Americans were outside conceived. Changing Patterns of Immigration

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Desire for a superior life Most workers were looking for another life, however they exited their countries for some reasons, including religious oppression, destitution, and minimal financial open door. On the off chance that you were willing to buckle down in America, success was conceivable. The adventure to America The choice to come included the whole crew. Normally the father went first and sent for whatever is left of the family later. Voyagers advanced toward a port city via prepare, wagon, or foot to sit tight for a leaving boat. They needed to pass an examination to board, and demonstrate they had some cash. Most voyaged efficiently, in steerage, despite everything they needed to endure the movement station. Ellis Island Opening in 1892 as a migration station, 112 million outsiders went through Ellis Island . Outsiders needed to pass review before they were permitted to enter. Coming to America

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Coming to America West Coast migrants were handled in San Francisco at Angel Island . Numerous Chinese workers were kept in jail like conditions while anticipating a decision. Neediness and separation anticipated numerous newcomers. Heavenly attendant Island Many new migrants lived in poor lodging in overflowing ghettos close to the industrial facilities where they looked for some kind of employment. In the Northeast and Midwest, foreigners settled close others from their country. Urban areas turned into an interwoven of ethnic bunches. Occupants built up houses of worship and synagogues to hone their religious confidence. They framed big-hearted social orders , help associations to help new foreigners acquire employments, medicinal services, and instruction. Building urban groups

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Nativists Respond Some local conceived Americans considered outsiders to be dangers to society. Nativists felt they brought wrongdoing and neediness and acknowledged occupations for lower wages, keeping wages low for everybody. They needed to close America’s ways to movement. Danger to society Chinese specialists were endured amid great times, however with a compounding economy Denis Kearney drove a dynamic resistance to their vicinity. Chinese laborers were not permitted state employments, and nearby governments could forbid them from groups or confine them to specific zones. The Chinese Exclusion Act was gone in 1882, banning Chinese movement for a long time. None of the Chinese in the U.S. would be permitted citizenship. The law was reestablished in 1892, and Chinese migration was banned inconclusively in 1902. Constraining Chinese migration

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Japanese Nativists additionally hated the Japanese. Japanese understudies in San Francisco were isolated from other youngsters. Theodore Roosevelt arranged a Gentlemen’s Agreement with Japan. No untalented specialists from Japan, and consequently Japanese youngsters could go to schools with other kids. Different migrants Nativists restricted movement from Southern and Eastern Europe. They guaranteed these people were poor, ignorant, and non-Protestant and couldn\'t mix into American culture. They required a proficiency test to check whether test takers could read English. The Literacy Test Act was gone in 1917, over President Wilson’s veto. Cutoff points to Immigration Americanization happened in numerous spots. Newcomers were taught American approaches to assist them with absorbing. They learned English proficiency abilities and American history and government.

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Urban Life The Main Idea In urban communities in the late 1800s, individuals in the upper, center, and lower classes lived various types of lives in light of their diverse financial circumstances. Perusing Focus How did American urban areas change in the late 1800s? How did class contrasts influence the way urban occupants lived? How did the settlement house development work to enhance living conditions for migrants and poor Americans?

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Compact urban areas Before industrialization, urban areas had no tall structures and a great many people lived inside of strolling separation of their work, schools, shops, and places of worship. In the late 1880s, they came up short on room and began to develop. Tall structures and transportation Steel outlines and Elisha Otis’s security lift made taller structures conceivable. With mass travel, individuals moved more remote away. Green spaces Urban arranging was utilized to guide out the best utilization of space in urban communities. Frederick Law Olmsted composed city parks to furnish occupants with field. New York’s Central Park is his most celebrated try. American Cities Change

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Class Differences The rich in America acquired fortunes, yet they made them from industry and business too. The recently rich tried prominently showing their riches. Fabulous city houses and wonderful nation domains were ordinary. High-society ladies read instructional writing specifying fitting conduct. The perfect lady was a homemaker who sorted out and enlivened her home; entertained guests and directed her staff; and offered good and social direction to her gang. A few ladies loaned their time and cash to social change endeavors.

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The white collar class The urban working class developed as occupations for bookkeepers, assistants, supervisors, and business people expanded. Instructed laborers like educators, designers, legal advisors, and specialists were required. The ascent of polished methodology obliged institutionalized abilities and capabilities for specific occupations. Hitched ladies dealt with a home. With time for different exercises, some took an interest in change work or different exercises, growing their impact to the outside world. The common laborers Many lived in destitution, with a developing populace keeping wages low. Lodging deficiencies prompted swarmed and unsanitary dwelling conditions. Housekeeping was troublesome; with no indoor pipes, water must be pulled inside from a pump. Garments were bubbled on the stove and held tight lines to dry. Numerous ladies additionally worked low-paying occupations outside the home. Class Differences

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London reformers Founded the first settlement house in 1884. Volunteers gave a mixed bag of administrations to individuals in need. They taught aptitudes individuals could use to lift themselves from destitution. Frame House Jane Addams established Hull House, one of the first settlement houses in the U.S., and the development spread rapidly. The development gave ladies the chance to lead, compose, and work for others. Religious perspectives The Social Gospel was the ticket that religious confidence ought to be communicated through benevolent acts and that temples had an ethical obligation to help tackle society’s issues. Social Darwinists deviated; they felt individuals were poor in view they could call their own lacks. The Settlement House Movement

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Politics in the Gilded Age The Main Idea Political debasement was basic in the late 1800s, yet reformers started battling for changes to make government more genuine. Perusing Focus How did political machines control governmental issues in significant urban areas? What endeavors were made to diminish political defilement? How did the Populist development give agriculturists political force?

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Political Machine —was a casual gathering of expert lawmakers controlling the neighborhood government who frequently depended on degenerate techniques for managing urban issues. Workers —were an unwavering bolster base for the political machines. In Boston, the Irish ascended in the positions to control the political machine in that city. Defilement —Political machines utilized unlawful strategies to look after control, purchasing voter bolster and turning to decision extortion. The Tweed Ring —was a famous political machine headed by William Marcy Tweed . Thomas Nast —a political visual artist who assaulted the defilement in Harper’s Weekly . Political Machines

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Federal Corruption Grant’s administration was damaged by a few embarrassments. Crã©dit Mobilier expense the citizens $23 million and polluted the nation’s pioneers. The Whiskey Ring was in charge of redirecting expense accumulations. Ou

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