Section 15 – Life at the Turn of the 20 th Century.

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Section 15 – Life at the Turn of the 20 th Century. Segment Notes. Video. Life at the Turn of the 20 th Century. New Outsiders Urban Life Legislative issues in the Plated Age Isolation and Separation. Maps. Ethnic Neighborhoods in Chicago, 1880–1910. History Close-up.
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Part 15 – Life at the 20\'s Turn th Century Section Notes Video Life at the 20\'s Turn th Century New Immigrants Urban Life Politics in the Gilded Age Segregation and Discrimination Maps Ethnic Neighborhoods in Chicago, 1880–1910 History Close-up Early Skyscrapers Images Quick Facts Political Cartoon: Old and New Immigration Political Cartoon: Boss Tweed The Populist Movement Mexican American Worker Old and New Immigrants Visual Summary: Life at the 20\'s Turn th Century

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New Immigrants The Main Idea another flood of outsiders went to the United States in the late 1800s, settling in urban areas and disturbing some local conceived Americans. Center Questions How did examples of movement change when the new century rolled over? Why did migrants come to America in the late 1800s, and where did they settle? How did nativists react to the new rush of movement?

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The old outsiders 10 million foreigners  1800 and 1900 Northern and Western Europe Most were Protestant Christians with comparative societies to the first pilgrims Reasons: have a voice in government, escape political turmoil, religious flexibility, or escaping neediness and starvation Most sought monetary open door or open ranch land Chinese settlers tricked by dash for unheard of wealth and railways employments The new workers 1880 to 1910  new wave brought 18 million Most from Southern and Eastern Europe Roman Catholics, Orthodox Christians and Jews. Middle Easterners, Armenians, and French Canadians came also. Littler #’s from East Asia. Extreme movement laws lessened Chinese migration, however 90,000 of Chinese plummet in the U.S. by 1900. Japanese settlers landed by method for Hawaii American populace had changed  1910 ≈ 1 in 12 Americans were remote conceived Changing Patterns of Immigration

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Desire for a superior life New life?? Willing to buckle down in America, success was conceivable. The voyage to America Decision to come included whole family Usually the father went first and sent for the rest later Port city via prepare, wagon, or foot to sit tight for a withdrawing boat Pass a review to board & demonstrate they had some $ Steerage Ellis Island Opened 1892, movement station, 112 million outsiders passed through…must pass examination before entering Coming to America

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Coming to America West Coast workers handled in San Francisco Many Chinese migrants were kept anticipating a ruling…Poverty and separation anticipated numerous newcomers Angel Island Many foreigners lived in poor lodging ghettos close to the processing plants (dwellings) NE & MW settlers settled close others from their country  Cities = interwoven of ethnic groups Churches and synagogues to hone their confidence Benevolent social orders = help associations to help new foreigners acquire employments, medicinal services, and instruction Building urban groups

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Nativists Respond Some local conceived Americans considered outsiders to be dangers to society. Nativists felt they brought wrongdoing and destitution, kept wages low for everyone…so, stop migration Threat to society Chinese laborers were endured amid great times, however intensifying economy prompted dynamic resistance them Not permitted state employments & neighborhood govt’s could forbid them from groups The Chinese Exclusion Act (1882) banned Chinese movement for a long time Chinese in the U.S. weren’t permitted citizenship Law recharged in 1892, Chinese movement banned in 1902. Constraining Chinese movement

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Japanese Nativists additionally hated the Japanese…students in SF were isolated Theodore Roosevelt arranged a Gentlemen’s Agreement with Japan. No incompetent laborers from Japan, and consequently Japanese youngsters could go to schools with other kids. Different outsiders Nativists contradicted migration from S & E Europe Claimed they were poor, unskilled, and non-Protestant and couldn\'t mix society They required a proficiency test to check whether test takers could read English  Literacy Test Act was gone in 1917, over President Wilson’s veto Limits to Immigration Americanization  Newcomers taught American approaches to help assimilation…learned English education aptitudes, U.S. history and govt.

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Urban Life The Main Idea In urban areas in the late 1800s, individuals in the upper, center, and lower classes lived various types of lives on account of their diverse monetary circumstances. Center Questions How did American urban communities change in the late 1800s? How did class contrasts influence the way urban inhabitants lived? How did the settlement house development work to enhance living conditions for outsiders and poor Americans?

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Compact urban areas Late 1880s, they came up short on room and began to develop. Tall structures and transportation Steel outlines and Elisha Otis’s security lift made taller structures conceivable Mass travel  individuals moved away Green spaces Urban arranging Frederick Law Olmsted planned city parks to give occupants countryside…ex: New York’s Central Park American Cities Change

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Class Differences Wealthy acquired fortunes produced using industry and business Newly rich showed their riches  enormous city houses and nation bequests High-society ladies  instructional books on legitimate conduct Ideal lady  homemaker; sorted out and embellished her home; entertained guests and regulated her staff; offered good and social direction to her family Some ladies took a shot at social change

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The white collar class Urban working class developed as occupations for bookkeepers, agents, administrators, and sales representatives expanded Educated specialists like educators, architects, legal advisors, and specialists were required. The ascent of demonstrable skill obliged institutionalized abilities and capabilities Married ladies dealt with a home & some took an interest in change work The average workers Many in neediness, with a developing populace keeping wages low Housing deficiencies = swarmed and unsanitary conditions (dwellings) Housekeeping was troublesome; no indoor pipes Clothes were bubbled on the stove and held tight lines to dry. Numerous ladies likewise worked low-paying occupations Class Differences

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London reformers Founded in 1884. Volunteers taught abilities so individuals could use to lift themselves from destitution Hull House Jane Addams established Hull House (Chicago)  one of the first settlement houses in the U.S. Development gave ladies the chance to lead, arrange, and work for others Religious perspectives Social Gospel was thought that religious confidence ought to be communicated through benevolent acts and that places of worship had an ethical obligation to help take care of society’s issues Social Darwinists dissented; they felt individuals were poor due to their own lacks The Settlement House Movement

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Politics in the Gilded Age The Main Idea Political debasement was basic in the late 1800s, yet reformers started battling for changes to make government more legit. Perusing Focus How did political machines control governmental issues in significant urban areas? What endeavors were made to diminish political defilement? How did the Populist development give ranchers political force?

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Political Machine  casual gathering of lawmakers controlling the nearby government who frequently turned to degenerate routines for managing urban issues Immigrants —loyal backing for political machines Corruption —illegal strategies to look after control, purchasing voter backing and decision misrepresentation The Tweed Ring —notorious NYC political machine headed by William Marcy Tweed (Tammany Hall) Thomas Nast —political sketch artist who assaulted the defilement in Harper’s Weekly Political Machines

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Federal Corruption Grant’s administration damaged by embarrassments  Crã©dit Mobilier expense citizens $23 million The Whiskey Ring Scandals Reformers  end the corruption – Merit System Pres. Hayes precluded government representatives from overseeing political gatherings or battles Hayes and change President James A. Garfield was killed four months in the wake of taking office Pres. Chester A. Arthur marked the Pendleton Act Civil administration change

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Farmers’ hardships Crop costs ↓ and ranchers needed to reimburse credits High RR expenses Everyone profited except the agriculturist Farmers sorted out Local gatherings shaped to help agriculturists The National Grange First major farmers’ association Pushed for political change and focused on railroad rates Munn v. Illinois gave state assemblies the privilege to control organizations that included the general population interest Wabash v. Illinois— national government could manage railroad activity The Populist Movement

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The Alliance Movement and cash supply Farmers’ Alliance assisted w/with buyinging gear or advertising ranch items; needed change & regulation In the South, the Colored Farmers’ Alliance shaped  the Alliance upheld diligent work and penance as keys to picking up equity Expand cash supply = help by blowing up costs Money attached to the highest quality level, and agriculturists needed it sponsored by silver also. Hopefuls upheld by the Alliance won more than 40 seats in Congress and four governorships

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The Alliance shaped a national political gathering  The Peoples’ Party was conceived in 1892. Coalition of agriculturists, work pioneers, and reformers got to be known as the Populist Party . Party Platform— Supported the National Grange and Alliance, needed pay assessment, bank regulation, govt. responsibility for and broadcast organizations, and free coinage of silver. 1892 election— Speaking for the regular individuals against the decision world class, the Populists took a few state workplaces and won seats in Congress. The Populist Party .:tsl

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