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Chapter 5.


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Chapter 5. Language. Chapter Questions. How does human language differ from forms of communication in other animals? How do children acquire language? What are some characteristics of human languages, and how are languages structured?
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Section 5 Language

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Chapter Questions How does human dialect contrast from types of correspondence in different creatures? How do youngsters secure dialect? What are a few attributes of human dialects, and how are dialects organized? What are the connections between dialect, thought, and culture? How do individuals convey without utilizing words? How do dialects change?

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What We Will Learn Origin of Human Language Characteristics of Language Acquiring Language and Culture Nonverbal Communication Language Change

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Origin of Human Language No dialect = no society. Development of dialect? Reproduces complex musings and encounters in words. Particular from some other creature correspondence framework. C. Hockett-2 stages Blending Duality of Patterning

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Major Languages of the World

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Major Languages of the World

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Characteristics of a Language Conventionality importance grouping of sounds & item, activity or thought. Beneficial new mix of sounds & words, openness, adaptability. vocabulary that can grow with social changes. Uprooting Abstract thought use.

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Acquiring Language Biological capacity of dialect securing Innate dialect? Victor Genie Human versus Chimp dialect limit Universal Grammar

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Universal Grammar Basic standards, conditions, and guidelines underlie all dialects. Kids apply oblivious general sentence structure to the sounds they listen. All dialects offer crucial similitudes.

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The Structure of Language Phonology Phonemes Morphology Morphemes Syntax Semantics dictionary

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Language & Culture Sapir–Whorf Hypothesis Language impacts discernment. Dialect builds up mental classifications that influence the ways individuals conceptualize this present reality. Sociolinguistics Languages & Dialects AAVE &BEV Code Switching

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Historical semantics Focused on finding the historical backdrop of dialects. Vocabularies are always showing signs of change. Sociolinguists are occupied with the social calculates that influence changes dialects .

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Nonverbal Communication Most messages are sent and got without words: Facial expressions Gestures Eye contact Touching Posture

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Non-verbal Communication Haptics Chronemics Monochronic Time Polychronic Time Proxemics Kinesics

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Nonverbal correspondence Almost 2/3s of correspondence. Messages sent by attire, gems, tattoos, piercings, and body changes.