Section 5.

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Section 5 Language

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Chapter Questions How does human dialect contrast from types of correspondence in different creatures? How do youngsters secure dialect? What are a few attributes of human dialects, and how are dialects organized? What are the connections between dialect, thought, and culture? How do individuals convey without utilizing words? How do dialects change?

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What We Will Learn Origin of Human Language Characteristics of Language Acquiring Language and Culture Nonverbal Communication Language Change

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Origin of Human Language No dialect = no society. Development of dialect? Reproduces complex musings and encounters in words. Particular from some other creature correspondence framework. C. Hockett-2 stages Blending Duality of Patterning

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Major Languages of the World

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Major Languages of the World

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Characteristics of a Language Conventionality importance grouping of sounds & item, activity or thought. Beneficial new mix of sounds & words, openness, adaptability. vocabulary that can grow with social changes. Uprooting Abstract thought use.

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Acquiring Language Biological capacity of dialect securing Innate dialect? Victor Genie Human versus Chimp dialect limit Universal Grammar

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Universal Grammar Basic standards, conditions, and guidelines underlie all dialects. Kids apply oblivious general sentence structure to the sounds they listen. All dialects offer crucial similitudes.

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The Structure of Language Phonology Phonemes Morphology Morphemes Syntax Semantics dictionary

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Language & Culture Sapir–Whorf Hypothesis Language impacts discernment. Dialect builds up mental classifications that influence the ways individuals conceptualize this present reality. Sociolinguistics Languages & Dialects AAVE &BEV Code Switching

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Historical semantics Focused on finding the historical backdrop of dialects. Vocabularies are always showing signs of change. Sociolinguists are occupied with the social calculates that influence changes dialects .

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Nonverbal Communication Most messages are sent and got without words: Facial expressions Gestures Eye contact Touching Posture

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Non-verbal Communication Haptics Chronemics Monochronic Time Polychronic Time Proxemics Kinesics

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Nonverbal correspondence Almost 2/3s of correspondence. Messages sent by attire, gems, tattoos, piercings, and body changes.

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