Section 6: Windows Servers on the LAN.


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History of Windows Networks. Microsoft OS desktop piece of the overall industry? The principal Windows system working framework was NT 3.1 (1993). It had an interface like Windows 3.1 and incorporated well with other prominent system working frameworks. Windows NT4 (1995) was the system working framework that prompt Microsoft\'s present predominance?.
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Section 6: Windows Servers on the LAN

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History of Windows Networks Microsoft OS desktop piece of the pie ? The principal Windows organize working framework was NT 3.1 (1993). It had an interface like Windows 3.1 and coordinated well with other mainstream arrange working frameworks. Windows NT4 (1995) was the system working framework that lead to Microsoft\'s present predominance ?

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NT 3.1 Server Main use as an Application Server Network Architecture (SNA)

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History of Windows Networks Windows 2000 included Active Directory and also numerous improvements over Windows NT 4. Presently utilizes just a solitary design Active Directory Four Windows Server 2000 versions: Windows 2000 Professional (blended) Windows 2000 Server (departmental) Advanced Server (web and applications) Datacenter Server (top of the line server)

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History of Windows Networks Windows Server 2003 was not as progressive as Windows 2000, but included numerous security enhancements. Anticipated that would be Microsoft\'s leader server item until 2007 ? Measured installation* More Security upgrades Four Windows Server 2003 versions: Standard Edition Web Edition (IIS 6) can not be space controller Enterprise Edition Datacenter Edition

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Web Servers Statistics on Web servers: IIS versus Apache http://4sysops.com/files/apache-versus iis-what-is-your-top pick piece of the overall industry measurements/

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Windows Server 2003 Hardware Requirements Minimum equipment necessities for Server 2003, Standard Edition ?

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Windows Server 2003 Memory Model 32-bit and 64-bit tending to plans bolstered Require diverse forms of Windows Server 2003 Require distinctive sorts of processors The bigger the tending to measure, the all the more proficiently guidelines can be prepared Each application (or process) appointed its own particular 32-bit memory region Helps keep forms from meddling with each other Virtual Memory exchange box permits increment or decline of paging document estimate

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Windows Server 2003 and Domains Windows Server 2003 systems are composed into areas. A space is a unified gathering of basic security policies, client, and PC accounts. This accumulation of records is put away inside Active Directory. called area controllers which have the AD DB Users must sign in and be confirmed by a space controller before they can get to assets in a space. Individuals from a space share a typical DNS postfix, (for example, companyname.internal or cis121.local).

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Domains (proceeded with) Domain controllers: have the Active Directory database. - ought to use no less than two on every system Replication: indistinguishable duplicate of catalog information on area controller Member servers: don\'t store AD data and can not verify clients

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Trees and Forests A woodland is a gathering of domains (exceptional namespaces) that have a similar Active Directory diagram. A tree is a gathering of domains inside a backwoods that share a typical DNS namespace. subsidiary.com company.com kid.company.com child.company.com child.subsidiary.com west.kid.company.com east.kid.company.com An outline is the structure of the database what objects exist what characteristics or properties of these items can be assigned

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Trees and Forests Active Directory composes numerous spaces progressively in an area tree Root area : base of Active Directory tree Child areas : stretch out to separate gatherings of articles with same strategies Organizational units fan out underneath tyke areas to additionally subdivide system\'s frameworks and items

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OUs (Organizational Units) Multiple spaces in one association

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OUs (Organizational Units) A tree with various spaces and OUs

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Trust Relationship A trust relationship implies that clients in one area can access assets in an alternate area. Trust connections exist between all areas in a timberland. Timberland trusts permit all areas in one woods to consequently trust all spaces in a moment backwoods. Trusts can be changed: 2 way, 1 way

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Trust Relationships Two-route trusts between spaces in a tree

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Planning For Installation Critical preinstallation choices: what number, how extensive, and what sort of allotments will the server require? What kind of record framework will the server utilize? What will you name the server? Which conventions & organize administrations ought to the server utilize? What will the Administrator secret word be? Ought to the system utilize areas or workgroups and, provided that this is true, what will they be called? Will the server bolster extra administrations? Which authorizing mode will you utilize? How might I recall the greater part of this data?

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Microsoft Management Console MMC is the essential device utilized to regulate Windows Server 2003. Countless configured MMC are available in the Administrative Tools menu. 3 rd party programming regularly delivers with custom MMC additional items. You can assemble MMC for a specific errand by making a custom MMC . You add snap-ins to the comfort that are applicable to the assignment. You can then spare or dispose of the support once you are done with it. You can utilize the MMC to direct remote PCs inside a space. You include a snap-in with the concentration set to the objective remote PC.

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Computer Management Console Built-in comfort that permits an executive to perform most everyday framework administration errands too as remotely direct different Windows PCs. Get to the Computer Management Console by right-tapping the My Computer symbol and afterward selecting Manage. You can oversee different servers utilizing this support by right-clicking Computer Management and after that selecting Connect to another PC . Target PC must be an individual from a similar space.

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Web-Based Administration Windows Server 2003 has a Web-based regulatory interface. This permits you to perform authoritative obligations by means of a Web program, including checking logs, overseeing clients, and gatherings and beginning and closing down administrations. This Admin strategy can endure association intrusions and postpones that other organization strategies can\'t. Just essential authoritative capacities can be performed by means of the Web interface.

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Remote Desktop for Administration Allows you to associate with a server and view its screen the same as if you were sitting before the PC. Up to two directors can be associated on the double, each viewing an alternate screen. Requires more transfer speed than other organization strategies. Remote Desktop customers exist for Mac OSX, Linux, Solaris, and Windows.

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LAN Infrastructure Windows Server 2003 can have an assortment of LAN infrastructure administrations, for example, DNS, DHCP, and WINS servers. Utilize the Add/Remove Windows Components segment of Add/Remove programs in the Control Panel to include administrations. At the point when Windows Server 2003 gives these infrastructure administrations, it must utilize a static IP address.

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Configure a Static IP 1. Open Network Connections from the Control Panel. 2. Right-click Local Area Connection and select Properties. 3. Select Internet Protocol and afterward click Properties. 4. Select Use the accompanying IP address and enter IP address information.

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Windows Server 2003 DHCP Once you have added the DHCP administration to Windows Server 2003, you should make another extension. A DHCP degree is a pool of IP addresses that a DHCP server allocates to DHCP customers on the system. You can set other data, for example, DNS server address, subnet mask, mail server address, intermediary server address, and default gateway as extension choices.

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Windows Server 2003 DHCP You ought to set a DHCP rent time that is fitting to your network. Long rent times if hosts are included and expelled from your network once in a while. Short rent times if hosts are consistently included and expelled from the system. Utilize reservations to guarantee that specific hosts, (for example, servers) always have a similar IP address. Utilize prohibitions for those hosts that have statically arranged IP addresses.

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Windows Server 2003 DNS By default, Windows Server 2003 utilizations Active Directory Integrated Zones (ADI Zones) which are put away inside Active Directory . ADI Zones must be facilitated on space controllers . ADI Zones can be imitated to all space controllers in the area or backwoods. Any DNS server facilitating an ADI Zones can prepare redesigns to that zone. Just a single server can have an essential zone . This server does not should be a space controller. Just the server facilitating the essential zone can handle redesigns to that zone. The zone information is put away in a zone record. Any DNS server can have an optional zone . An auxiliary zone is a perused just duplicate of an ADI or essential zone. A stub zone is a curtailed zone that contains just a rundown of name servers for the objective zone. Stub zones are perused just and are overhauled by reaching a DNS server facilitating the essential zone. Any Windows Server 2003 DNS server can have a stub zone.

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WINS Server W indows I nternet N aming S ystem is a legacy name determination convention. WINS makes an interpretation of NetBIOS names into IP addresses. WINS is required for LANs that must bolster Windows NT4 and Windows 9x customers. WINS is not required if all PCs on the LAN are Windows 2000 , Windows XP or Windows Server 2003 . DNS is utilized for these computers. WINS utilizes Push/Pull replication. At the point when a force happens, all data is transferred to the server playing out the draw. At the point when a push happens, just updates are exchanged to the objective server. Server A Server A Server B Server B Server A pulls all data from Server B. Server A pushes overhauls to Server B.

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Summary A space is an incorporated accumulation of basic security strategies, client and PC accounts. Space controllers are uncommon c

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