Section 7 Transportation Administration.


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Cargo arrangement qualities identify with taking care of attributes of cargo ... Cargo Payment and Audit Services. Cargo charges must be paid inside ...
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Part 7 Transportation Management

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Learning Objectives To analyze the foundation of the transportation administration capacity To talk about the elements of transportation administration To recognize the part transactions play in the transportation administration capacity To look at the new alternatives accessible for private carriage To comprehend the motivation behind cargo union © 2008 Prentice Hall

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Transportation Management Key Terms Amodal shipper Bill of replenishing Class rate framework Commodity rate Demurrage and detainment Density Diver Documentation Expediting Key Terms Freight charge Freight claims Hazardous material Reconsignment Routing Guide Stowability Tracing Private transportation Weight break

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Transportation Management Buying and controlling of transportation administrations by either a shipper or proctor. © 2008 Prentice Hall

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Transportation Rates Rate structure manages three variables Relationships between various items Relationships between shipments of various weights Relationships between various separations Three elements are characterized numerically and afterward fixing to a rate of pennies for each hundredweight (cwt) © 2008 Prentice Hall

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Transportation Rates Negotiated amongst transporter and shipper Quoted as rate rebates from distributed rates Four elements decide cargo characterization Density (higher order for low-thickness) Stowability (how simple to pack into a heap) Ease of taking care of Liability to harm and burglary © 2008 Prentice Hall

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Freight Classification Freight grouping values identify with taking care of attributes of cargo May apply to National Motor Freight Classification Committee for change in arrangement Goods in outside exchange list products by blended number of Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (TSUSA) © 2008 Prentice Hall

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Page from National Motor Freight Classification

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National Motor Freight Classification National Motor Freight Classification Procedures http://www.nmfta.org/Documents/CCSB/CCSB%20Procedures%202009.pdf Find order online http://freight88.com/NMFC-Codes-Freight_class.html

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Transportation Rates To discover LTL rates normally require: Origin and destination postal divisions Weight of shipment Classification of shipment Supplemental administrations required Discount granted to shipper via bearer Rates might be on bearer Web locales © 2008 Prentice Hall

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Rate and Service Negotiations Both rates and administration levels might be arranged Long-term connections are urged Negotiations are liable to antitrust laws © 2008 Prentice Hall

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Rate Regulatory Bodies U.S. Branch of Commerce Foreign Trade Zone Board Department of Transportation advisory groups House of Representatives subcommittees © 2008 Prentice Hall

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Private Transportation Private transportation is utilized when firms own and work their own trucks, railcars, canal boats, ships, and/or planes Wal-Mart has biggest private truck armada in U.S. 7,767 tractors and 26,117 trailers Private trucking gives Improved level of client administration Advertising on the trucks May be less costly © 2008 Prentice Hall

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Documentation Bill of replenishing Straight bill of filling (recipient is known) Order bill of filling Long-shape bill of filling Preprinted short-frame bill of replenishing Freight charge Freight claims © 2008 Prentice Hall

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Figure 7-4: A Long-Form Bill of Lading © 2008 Prentice Hall

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Figure 7-5: A Preprinted Short-Form Bill of Lading © 2008 Prentice Hall

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Freight Payment and Audit Services Freight bills must be paid inside a particular number of days Payment administrations are utilized To identify copy billings To guarantee that appropriate rate was charged © 2008 Prentice Hall

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Consolidating Small Shipments > 150 and < 500 pounds To get a lower rate, shipment combination may happen: amassing client orders crosswise over time or put or both © 2008 Prentice Hall

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Consolidation of Shipments © 2008 Prentice Hall

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Consolidation of Shipments Consolidated Operations Bus/rail travel Carpool LTL Rail Airlines Ocean bearers/liner administration Package conveyance Direct Operations Taxi Private auto TL Unit trains Charter/private planes Tramp administrations Courier © 2008 Prentice Hall

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Demurrage and Detention Demurrage is a punishment installment made to the railroad for keeping a railcar past the time when it ought to be discharged back to railroad Detention is the word utilized as a part of the trucking business Carriers don\'t need gear utilized as impermanent distribution center by shipper or proctor © 2008 Prentice Hall

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Diversion and Reconsignment Diversion happens when the shipper advises the transporter, preceding entry, of an adjustment in destination Reconsignment happens when the shipper informs the transporter, after landing, of an adjustment in destination © 2008 Prentice Hall

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Routing Shippers have the privilege to choose the bearers along the course to shipment destination More regularly should be determined for hazardous materials Generally are PC produced Alternative courses and transporters are likewise vital © 2008 Prentice Hall

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Transportation of Hazardous Materials Hazardous material is a substance or material in an amount and shape which may represent a nonsensical danger to wellbeing and security or property when transported in trade Must be moved securely Labeled with bulletin Must have 24-hour hotline utilized as a part of occasion of spills © 2008 Prentice Hall

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Specialized Container with Sump to Capture Hazardous Waste Leaks from Barrels © 2008 Prentice Hall

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Tracing and Expediting Tracing is the endeavor to find lost or late shipments Done by PC at no cost Expediting is quickly moving a shipment through a bearer\'s framework. Both of these are less inclined to be utilized today since shipments can be pinpointed on the way and bearers give better on-time execution © 2008 Prentice Hall

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Loss and Damage Shippers and transporters attempt to determine first What is the full real misfortune? Hidden misfortune or harm Who claims harmed products after case settled? In the event that uncertain, moves to court framework © 2008 Prentice Hall

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Transit Privileges Transit benefits permit load to be halted on the way amongst beginning and destination to be emptied, put away, or handled and afterward reloaded for conveyance to unique destination Often utilized as a part of family unit merchandise moving and capacity industry © 2008 Prentice Hall

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Reparations are installments made to a shipper by a bearer that has charged wrongfully high rates in the past Also gathered when transporters don\'t satisfy terms of agreements with shippers © 2008 Prentice Hall

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Case 7-1 Chippy Potato Chip Company Facts: Located Reno, Nevada (1947) Freight Rating: LTL 200 Package: 24 5-oz compartments in a container (12" x 12" x 36"), weight 14 lbs. Value: FOB plant $.40/sack Package: 24 8-oz packs in a container (1 ft 3 ), weight 10 lbs. Value: FOB plant $.40/pack Existing Product Facts: New Product Facts:

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Case 7-1 Chippy Potato Chip Company Discussions: #1: If you worked for Chippy, what new arrangement would you request? Give your reasons. #2: Classifications depend on both cost and estimation of administration. From the transporters\' point of view, how has expense of administration changed? #3: Given the current LTL order of 200, how has estimation of administration to the client changed? #4: The new tubular compartments are much sturdier. On the off chance that you worked for Chippy, how—if by any stretch of the imagination—would you contend that this component impacts arrangement?

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Case 7-1 Chippy Potato Chip Company Discussions: #5: You work for the engine transporter grouping agency and notification that the relationship between the heaviness of potato chips and the heaviness of bundling has changed. How, it by any means, would it be a good idea for this to impact changes in the item\'s grouping? #6: One of Chippy\'s own trucks, utilized for nearby conveyances, has two axles and an encased body measuring (inside) seven feet by eight feet by twenty feet and is restricted by law to conveying a heap of close to 8,000 pounds. Since the truck shouldn\'t be over-burden, what blends, communicated as far as containers of each, of new-and old-style chips would it be able to lawfully convey?

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Case 7-2 Nurnberg Augsburg Maschinenwerke (N.A.M.) Company Facts: Located Munich, Germany 224 N.A.M. Class #4-G two-area transports First 25 to be conveyed to Santos, Brazil by 11/15 (3 mo.) 190 vehicles to be conveyed in 18 mo. Overwhelming truck and transport outline, building, and manuf. Item Facts: Order Requested:

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Case 7-2 Nurnberg Augsburg Maschinenwerke (N.A.M.) Production Plan: First 25 transports manuf. at Prague office 224 transports split by processing plants at Prague and Munich Transportation Info (train, from Prague):

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Case 7-2 Nurnberg Augsburg Maschinenwerke (N.A.M.) Transportation Info (conduit, from Prague): Transportation Info (sea, to Santos, Brazil):

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Case 7-2 Nurnberg Augsburg Maschinenwerke (N.A.M.) Discussions: #1: Assume that you are Weiss. What number of feasible options do you need to consider with respect to the underlying shipment of 25 transports? #2: Which of the steering options would you prescribe to meet the underlying 90-day due date for the 25-transport shipment? Train or conduit? To which port(s)? What might it cost? #3: What extra data would be useful for a

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