Service OF MINES AND Vitality.


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Utilization of ethanol in Brazil (m3) Consumption of gas in Brazil (m3) 1.4 billion barrels of oil delivered. Outflows dodged of more than 900 million tons of CO2 ...
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Service OF MINES AND ENERGY Secretariat of Oil, Natural Gas and Renewable Fuels Biofuel: Investment and Partnerships Marco Antônio Martins Almeida

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Biofuel: Investments and Partnerships 1970-2020: 50 years in context The offer of biofuels in Brazil Ethanol: from Pro-liquor to Copenhagen Biodiesel: the new biofuel in Brazil The development of creation in Brazil Biofuels and the Oil Industry Biofuels and the Consumer Conclusions

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1970 – 2020: 50 years in context ... at the end of the day: the world will keep on using oil

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Variation popular for essential vitality: 2007-2030 OECD nations Coal Other nations Oil Natural Gas Nuclear Hydro-electric Fossil sources will keep on being prevalent: 77% of ascend sought after until 2030 Biomass Other Renewable - 500 0 500 1 000 1 500 2 000 Mtoe Source: IEA – World Energy Outlook 2009

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Biofuel: Investments and Partnerships 1970-2020: 50 years in context The offer of biofuels in Brazil Ethanol: from Pro-liquor to Copenhagen Biodiesel: the new biofuel in Brazil The development of creation in Brazil Biofuels and the Oil Industry Biofuels and the Consumer Conclusions

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Recent Changes to Vehicle Fuels Use (Brazil) Anhydrated Ethanol Hydrated Ethanol Gasoline Diesel

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Recent Changes to Vehicle Fuels Use (Brazil) Millions of m3 BY VOLUME 1990 2009 ETHANOL TOTAL: 11.4 24.0 ANHYDR. ETHANOL: 1.2 6.3 HYDRAT. ETHANOL: 10.2 17.7 Anhydrated Ethanol Hydrated Ethanol Gasoline Diesel

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Biofuel: Investments and Partnerships 1970-2020: 50 years in context The offer of biofuels in Brazil Ethanol: from Pro-liquor to Copenhagen Biodiesel: the new biofuel in Brazil The development of generation in Brazil Biofuels and the Oil Industry Biofuels and the Consumer Conclusions

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US$ Millions of m³ Price of oil (US$) Consumption of ethanol in Brazil (m3) Consumption of gas in Brazil (m3) 2003: Flex-Fuel 1975: Pro-liquor 2004: Biodiesel Source: BP Statistical Review 2009/MME 2010

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Fuel interest for Otto cycle vehicles Total interest for Otto cycle (with LPG) Total interest for Otto cycle (without LPG) Gasoline utilization 1.4 billion barrels of oil sent US$ 20 billion Emissions evaded of more than 900 million tons of CO 2 年

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Biofuel: Investments and Partnerships 1970-2020: 50 years in context The offer of biofuels in Brazil Ethanol: from Pro-liquor to Copenhagen Biodiesel: the new biofuel in Brazil The extension of creation in Brazil Biofuels and the Oil Industry Biofuels and the Consumer Conclusions

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Biodiesel: The New Biofuel in Brazil 2008 a 2012 2005 a 2007 A partir de 2013 2% 5% Autorizado Obrigatório Law no. 11.097/2005: As of to Authorized Obligatory Market: 1 billion liters/year Market: 2.4 billion liters/year Targets arranged by the administration: Jan-Jun Jul – Dec Jan – Jun Jul –Dec Jan –

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Biofuel: Investments and Partnerships 1970-2020: 50 years in context The offer of biofuels in Brazil Ethanol: from Pro-liquor to Copenhagen Biodiesel: the new biofuel in Brazil The development of creation in Brazil Biofuels and the Oil Industry Biofuels and the Consumer Conclusions

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Ethanol: Strong extension of inward market Export Other purposes Billions of liters Fuel Source: MME/PDE 2009 – 2018 (preparatory results) Source: MME/PDE 2009 – 2018 (preparatory results) Billions of liters Biodiesel: Guarantee of supply of B5 with enhancement of crude materials

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9% of generation Amazon Forest Twice the separation amongst Shanghai and Beijing Principal zones of sugarcane planting generation in 2009: 26 billion liters 91% of sugarcane generation Source: NIPE-Unicamp, IBGE, CTC, UNICA, EPE and MAPA Location of creation plants (in operation/outline/being introduced)

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Biofuel: Investments and Partnerships 1970-2020: 50 years in context The offer of biofuels in Brazil Ethanol: from Pro-liquor to Copenhagen Biodiesel: the new biofuel in Brazil The extension of generation in Brazil Biofuels and the Oil Industry Biofuels and the Consumer Conclusions

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Biofuels versus fossil fuels Fossil powers Biofuels 0.08 x 10 12 liters/year on the planet 3.3 x 10 12 liters/year Fossil powers Biofuels 24 x 10 9 liters/year ... in Brazil Data alludes to 2008 (Source: BP/MME) Light and medium derivates considered: Diesel, Gasoline and KAV 69 x 10 9 liters/year

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Biofuels and Oil The world will keep on using oil in the coming decades, with expanding natural limitations Biofuels will have an inexorably critical part, whether in blends or as trades for fossil fuel. Biofuels, not simply as Brazil would see it, are the best alternative to decrease the carbon substance of powers. Biofuels are progressively part of the speculation arrangement of substantial oil organizations. Petrobras, Shell and BP are case of this. The developing utilization of biofuels on the planet is not a danger to interests in E&P, despite what might be expected, add to empowering the investigation of non-traditional oil. With the Pre-Salt assets, Brazil can possibly turn into a vital performing artist in the geo-political world and to keep up its arrangement of motivating forces in the generation and utilization of biofuels.

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Principal associations with the Oil Industry PETROBRAS: Investments of the request of US$ 2.8 billion underway of biofuels. Accomplice with Tereos. BP: Investments of more than US$ 1 billion in Brazil for ethanol fuel generation. Accomplices with Energy Biosciences Institute in California, with DuPont in the United Kingdom and joint endeavor with Verenium. CHEVRON: Joint endeavor with Weyerhaeuser. Accomplices with the Technological Institute of Georgia and with the University of California in Davis (R&D). EXXON MOBIL: Investments of US$ 600 million in biofuels with Synthetic Genomics. SHELL: Partners with COSAN in Brazil, Iogen in Canada, Choden in Germany, Virent Energy Systems in the USA and interests in Codexis in the USA. All out: Investments in Gevo Biofuels, in the USA. Source: Ecomii (2010)

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Biofuel: Investments and Partnerships 1970-2020: 50 years in context The offer of biofuels in Brazil Ethanol: from Pro-liquor to Copenhagen Biodiesel: the new biofuel in Brazil The extension of creation in Brazil Biofuels and the Oil Industry Biofuels and the Consumer Conclusions

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Positive Externals for Biofuels Renewable vitality source Best CO 2 parity in the life-cycle Contributes to vitality security Distribution of pay, chiefly at the agrarian stage Biofuels industry is not concentrated (assortment of organizations, performing artists and nations) Reduction of key contamination outflows Higher employment and salary era in the generation chain

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Conclusions With the utilization of biofuels, Brazil demonstrates that it is conceivable to get: assurance of buyer premiums in the supply, certification of the supply, value/tax and the nature of vitality reachable broadening and vitality security development of interior vitality supply as a pre-imperative of social and monetary development relief of emanations of poisons and nursery impact gasses

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