Part 12 GenderSlide 2
Chapter Outline Defining Sex and Gender Sex Differences: Nature or Nurture The Social Construction of Gender Stratification Gender Diversity Theories of Gender and Social ChangeSlide 3
Defining Sex and Gender Sex alludes to organic character. Sexual orientation alludes to educated practices connected with every sex.Slide 4
Gender Gap in AttitudesSlide 5
Sex Differences: Nature or Nurture? The essential question is not whether science or culture is more imperative in framing men and ladies, however how science and culture cooperate to deliver a man\'s sex personality. Natural determinism alludes to clarifications that ascribe complex social wonders to physical qualities.Slide 6
Biological Sex Identity A man\'s sex personality is built up right now of origination when the father\'s sperm gives either a X or a Y chromosome to the egg at treatment. The mother contributes a X chromosome to the developing life. Two X chromosomes make a female; a X and a Y, a male.Slide 7
Hermaphroditism A condition created by abnormalities during the time spent chromosome arrangement or fetal separation that produces people with blended organic sex attributes. In the most well-known type of hermaphroditism, the youngster is conceived with ovaries or testicles, however the private parts are uncertain or blended.Slide 8
Within and Between Gender DifferencesSlide 9
Gender Socialization Teaches desires for every sex and impacts: Self idea Social and political dispositions Perceptions about other individuals Relationships with othersSlide 10
Polling Question If you were taking another employment and had your decision of a manager, would you want to work for a man or a lady? A.) Man B.) Woman C.) No inclinationSlide 11
Agents of Gender Socialization Parents Childhood play and amusements Schools Religion Media Popular CultureSlide 12
Women\'s Participation in High School SportsSlide 13
Consequences of Gender Expectations Women are denied access to power, impact, accomplishment, and autonomy in the general population world. Men are denied access to supporting, enthusiastic, and other-situated universes that ladies generally possess.Slide 14
Gendered Institutions The aggregate example of sexual orientation relations including: Stereotypical desires Interpersonal connections Different arrangement of men and ladies in orders of organizationsSlide 15
Characteristic of Societies With Gender Equality Women\'s work is key to the economy. Ladies have entry to instruction. Ideological or religious support for sexual orientation disparity is feeble.Slide 16
Characteristic of Societies With Gender Equality Men add to housework and childcare. Work is not very sex-isolated. Ladies have admittance to power and power.Slide 17
Median Income by Race and GenderSlide 18
The Wage Gap: InternationalSlide 19
Education, Gender, and IncomeSlide 20
Women\'s Worth: Still Unequal In the 1960s, ladies earned 59% of what men earned. Ladies today acquire 73% of what men procure. In 2002, salary for ladies working all day and year round was $30,203, for men, $39,429.Slide 21
Polling Question How agreeable would you say you are with the sexual orientation parts our general public characterizes as fitting for guys and females? A.) Very agreeable B.) Somewhat agreeable C.) Unsure D.) Somewhat uncomfortable E.) Very uncomfortableSlide 22
Explaining the Pay Gap Overt segregation White men sustain their favorable position over ladies and racial minorities, through worker\'s organization rehearses, enactment, badgering, and terrorizing.Slide 23
Explaining the Pay Gap Human capital hypothesis Age, understanding, training, conjugal status and hours worked impact worth in the work showcase.Slide 24
Explaining the Pay Gap Dual work showcase hypothesis Women and men win distinctive sums since they work in various portions of the market.Slide 25
Explaining the Pay Gap Gender isolation Men and ladies work in sexual orientation isolated occupations.Slide 26
Earnings: Selected JobsSlide 27
Explanations Of Gender Segregation Women and men are mingled diversely and go into various fields. Basic obstructions demoralize ladies from entering male-commanded occupations and from progressing once utilized.Slide 28
Theories of GenderSlide 29
Feminist Theory: Comparing PerspectivesSlide 30
Feminist Theory: Comparing PerspectivesSlide 31
Feminist Theory: Comparing PerspectivesSlide 32
Women\'s Work Around the WorldSlide 33
Women\'s Work Around the WorldSlide 34
Women in GovernmentSlide 35
Contemporary Attitudes About Gender 16% of ladies and 20% of men object to ladies working while they have youthful youngsters 1/2 of all ladies and men reviewed said the perfect way of life was a marriage in which obligations were shared. 47% of men trust it is best for men to hold the supplier part, contrasted and 69% in 1970. 87% of ladies say that making laws to set up equivalent pay ought to be an administrative need.Slide 36
Quick QuizSlide 37
1. A man\'s organic character of male or females is their: a. sexual orientation personality b. hermaphroditism c. sex d. sexSlide 38
Answer: c A man\'s natural character of male or females is their sex.Slide 39
2. Condition created when anomalies in chromosome development or fetal separation deliver people with blended organic sex qualities is alluded to as: a. homophroditism b. bisexual c. hermaphroditism d. cross-dressersSlide 40
Answer: c Condition created when abnormalities in chromosome arrangement or fetal separation deliver people with blended natural sex attributes is alluded to as hermaphroditism .Slide 41
3. One\'s meaning of oneself as a lady or man is alluded to as: a. sexual orientation politically-sanctioned racial segregation b. sex socialization c. sex separation d. sex personalitySlide 42
Answer: d One\'s meaning of oneself as a lady or man is alluded to as sex character .Slide 43
4. "Women are hindered by power disparities amongst ladies and men that are incorporated with the social structure." This announcement is most firmly identified with the: a. "doing gender" viewpoint b. typical interactionist point of view c. functionalist viewpoint d. strife point of viewSlide 44
Answer: d "Women are impeded by power imbalances amongst ladies and men that are incorporated with the social structure." This announcement is most firmly identified with the contention point of view .Slide 45
5. A man\'s sex character is set up right now of origination. a. Genuine b. FalseSlide 46
Answer: genuine A man\'s sex character is built up right now of origination.Slide 47
6. The dread and contempt of homosexuality is alluded to as: a. machismo b. homophobia c. heterosexism d. heterophobiaSlide 48
Answer: b The dread and scorn of homosexuality is alluded to as homophobia .
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