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Section Outline. Characterizing Sex and GenderSex Differences: Nature or NurtureThe Social Construction of GenderGender StratificationGender DiversityTheories of GenderGender and Social Change. Characterizing Sex and Gender. Sex alludes to natural identity.Gender alludes to learned practices connected with every sex. .
Transcripts
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Part 12 Gender

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Chapter Outline Defining Sex and Gender Sex Differences: Nature or Nurture The Social Construction of Gender Stratification Gender Diversity Theories of Gender and Social Change

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Defining Sex and Gender Sex alludes to organic character. Sexual orientation alludes to educated practices connected with every sex.

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Gender Gap in Attitudes

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Sex Differences: Nature or Nurture? The essential question is not whether science or culture is more imperative in framing men and ladies, however how science and culture cooperate to deliver a man\'s sex personality. Natural determinism alludes to clarifications that ascribe complex social wonders to physical qualities.

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Biological Sex Identity A man\'s sex personality is built up right now of origination when the father\'s sperm gives either a X or a Y chromosome to the egg at treatment. The mother contributes a X chromosome to the developing life. Two X chromosomes make a female; a X and a Y, a male.

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Hermaphroditism A condition created by abnormalities during the time spent chromosome arrangement or fetal separation that produces people with blended organic sex attributes. In the most well-known type of hermaphroditism, the youngster is conceived with ovaries or testicles, however the private parts are uncertain or blended.

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Within and Between Gender Differences

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Gender Socialization Teaches desires for every sex and impacts: Self idea Social and political dispositions Perceptions about other individuals Relationships with others

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Polling Question If you were taking another employment and had your decision of a manager, would you want to work for a man or a lady? A.) Man B.) Woman C.) No inclination

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Agents of Gender Socialization Parents Childhood play and amusements Schools Religion Media Popular Culture

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Women\'s Participation in High School Sports

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Consequences of Gender Expectations Women are denied access to power, impact, accomplishment, and autonomy in the general population world. Men are denied access to supporting, enthusiastic, and other-situated universes that ladies generally possess.

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Gendered Institutions The aggregate example of sexual orientation relations including: Stereotypical desires Interpersonal connections Different arrangement of men and ladies in orders of organizations

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Characteristic of Societies With Gender Equality Women\'s work is key to the economy. Ladies have entry to instruction. Ideological or religious support for sexual orientation disparity is feeble.

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Characteristic of Societies With Gender Equality Men add to housework and childcare. Work is not very sex-isolated. Ladies have admittance to power and power.

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Median Income by Race and Gender

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The Wage Gap: International

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Education, Gender, and Income

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Women\'s Worth: Still Unequal In the 1960s, ladies earned 59% of what men earned. Ladies today acquire 73% of what men procure. In 2002, salary for ladies working all day and year round was $30,203, for men, $39,429.

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Polling Question How agreeable would you say you are with the sexual orientation parts our general public characterizes as fitting for guys and females? A.) Very agreeable B.) Somewhat agreeable C.) Unsure D.) Somewhat uncomfortable E.) Very uncomfortable

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Explaining the Pay Gap Overt segregation White men sustain their favorable position over ladies and racial minorities, through worker\'s organization rehearses, enactment, badgering, and terrorizing.

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Explaining the Pay Gap Human capital hypothesis Age, understanding, training, conjugal status and hours worked impact worth in the work showcase.

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Explaining the Pay Gap Dual work showcase hypothesis Women and men win distinctive sums since they work in various portions of the market.

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Explaining the Pay Gap Gender isolation Men and ladies work in sexual orientation isolated occupations.

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Earnings: Selected Jobs

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Explanations Of Gender Segregation Women and men are mingled diversely and go into various fields. Basic obstructions demoralize ladies from entering male-commanded occupations and from progressing once utilized.

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Theories of Gender

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Feminist Theory: Comparing Perspectives

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Feminist Theory: Comparing Perspectives

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Feminist Theory: Comparing Perspectives

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Women\'s Work Around the World

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Women\'s Work Around the World

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Women in Government

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Contemporary Attitudes About Gender 16% of ladies and 20% of men object to ladies working while they have youthful youngsters 1/2 of all ladies and men reviewed said the perfect way of life was a marriage in which obligations were shared. 47% of men trust it is best for men to hold the supplier part, contrasted and 69% in 1970. 87% of ladies say that making laws to set up equivalent pay ought to be an administrative need.

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Quick Quiz

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1. A man\'s organic character of male or females is their: a. sexual orientation personality b. hermaphroditism c. sex d. sex

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Answer: c A man\'s natural character of male or females is their sex.

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2. Condition created when anomalies in chromosome development or fetal separation deliver people with blended organic sex qualities is alluded to as: a. homophroditism b. bisexual c. hermaphroditism d. cross-dressers

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Answer: c Condition created when abnormalities in chromosome arrangement or fetal separation deliver people with blended natural sex attributes is alluded to as hermaphroditism .

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3. One\'s meaning of oneself as a lady or man is alluded to as: a. sexual orientation politically-sanctioned racial segregation b. sex socialization c. sex separation d. sex personality

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Answer: d One\'s meaning of oneself as a lady or man is alluded to as sex character .

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4. "Women are hindered by power disparities amongst ladies and men that are incorporated with the social structure." This announcement is most firmly identified with the: a. "doing gender" viewpoint b. typical interactionist point of view c. functionalist viewpoint d. strife point of view

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Answer: d "Women are impeded by power imbalances amongst ladies and men that are incorporated with the social structure." This announcement is most firmly identified with the contention point of view .

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5. A man\'s sex character is set up right now of origination. a. Genuine b. False

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Answer: genuine A man\'s sex character is built up right now of origination.

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6. The dread and contempt of homosexuality is alluded to as: a. machismo b. homophobia c. heterosexism d. heterophobia

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Answer: b The dread and scorn of homosexuality is alluded to as homophobia .

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