Shading COMPARA contrastive and monolingual shading studies in English and Portuguese .


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Colouring COMPARA contrastive and monolingual colour studies in English and Portuguese. Rosário Silva Susana Inácio Diana Santos. Key aspects. COMPARA Colouring COMPARA English-speaking authors Contrastive analysis (Portuguese vs. English)
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Shading COMPARA contrastive and monolingual shading examines in English and Portuguese Rosário Silva Susana Inácio Diana Santos

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Key perspectives COMPARA Coloring COMPARA English-talking creators Contrastive investigation (Portuguese versus English) Morphosyntactic designs in Portuguese and in English Originals versus Interpretations

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COMPARA An English-Portuguese openly accessible parallel corpus (since 2001) created at Linguateca, extend pioneers: Ana Frankenberg-Garcia & Diana Santos physically reconsidered writings, arrangement and syntactic comment (from PALAVRAS and CLAWS, in advance) a few imaginative components

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COMPARA substance 75 sets, relating to 72 fiction works 1.436 million words in Portuguese (Africa, Brazil and Portugal) 1.549 million words in English (Great-Britain, America and South Africa) 97,728 arrangement units see http://www.linguateca.pt/COMPARA/

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Coloring COMPARA Color research by: Language Portuguese English Language assortment Portuguese (Portugal, Brazil, Mozambique and Angola) English (United Kingdom, United States and South Africa)

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Coloring COMPARA Color research by: Text Author Translated or Original text(s) Date of production Several yields accessible (concordances and appropriations)

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Coloring COMPARA Why Color? We needed to begin semantic comment of COMPARA A simple to get a handle on and moderately contained lexical class The subject of numerous contentions in etymology A successive classification, both truly and figuratively

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Coloring COMPARA What is Color? – Criteria All direct words passing on shading, paying little heed to word class Words that pass on shading however are not in themselves a shading Words that have hues in them yet have gone past the unimportant shading reference "shading" and its determinations. For more data see http://www.linguateca.pt/COMPARA/DocAnotacaoCorCOMPARA.pdf (ceaselessly redesigned)

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Coloring COMPARA Color classes and gatherings Beige Black Blue Brown Gold Green Gray Orange Pink Purple Red Silver White Yellow Other Multiple Unspecified Color colour:race colour:human colour:wine colour:original

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Color classifications - cases shading golden hued; darkened; lime-green; red- and-white; watery-blue; white; yellowing... colour:race whites; blacks; white-cleaned; coloreds... colour:human fair; reddened; brunette; red-haired; rosy-cheeked; suntanned; white- bearded... colour:wine white; red. colour:original boycott; bluebirds; brownies; whitewash; eggwhite...

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0.0032% 0.0029% Coloring COMPARA Quantitative information Instances set apart as shading in COMPARA: 4,609 in PT and 4,548 in EN Number of various hues in COMPARA: 409 in PT (209 lemmas) and 427 in EN

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English-talking creators ENGLISH-SPEAKING AUTHORS IN COMPARA David Lodge Ian McEwan Mary Shelley Joanna Trollope Oscar Wilde Richard Zimler Julian Barnes Lewis Carrol Joseph Conrad Nadine Gordimer Joseph Heller Kazuo Ishiguro Henry James

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English-talking creators

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Contrastive investigation (EN versus PT) EN PT

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102 blue, white, dark, red,... red, hazel, peacock-blue, saffron-yellow, purplish, red-and-ochre, emerald-green... 51 preto, branco, negro, verde,... esbranquiçado, pratear, verde-garrafa, azuleleca, multicor, rubro, alvaiado,.... Autran Dourado Joanna Trollope 6 negro, verde, amarelo, azul, cor, preto . 6 dark, blue, green, white, red, obscurity. Camilo Castelo Branco Mary Shelley Most bright creators (no. of various shading sorts) Least beautiful creators (no. of various shading sorts)

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English-talking creators Color classifications (1)

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Contrastive examination (EN versus PT) Color classes (1) PT EN

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English-talking creators Authors\' most loved shading bunches (Each creator contributed just with his/her most loved shading bunch)

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Lewis Carrol Mary Shelley Henry James Joanna Trollope English-talking creators Author with the most noteworthy individual rate of the shading:

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Contrastive investigation (EN versus PT) Favorite shading bunches (Each creator contributed just with his/her most loved shading bunch) PT EN

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Camilo Castelo Branco José de Alencar Mia Couto José Eduardo Agualusa 31% Jorge de Sena 24% Marcos Rey 44% 26% Portuguese-talking creators Author with the most noteworthy individual rate of the shading:

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English-talking creators All shading bunches (The creators contributed with every one of their hues)

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Contrastive investigation (EN versus PT) All shading bunches (The creators contributed with every one of their hues) EN PT

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English-talking creators Races (colour:race) 9 out of 14

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Contrastive investigation (EN versus PT) Races (colour:race) EN 14 out of 22 PT

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English-talking creators Does shading amount change with time? Number of shading sorts per content dates EN

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Portuguese-talking creators Does shading amount change with time? Number of shading sorts per content dates PT

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English-talking creators Does shading amount change with time? Number of shading sorts per creators\' introduction to the world date EN

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Portuguese-talking creators Does shading amount change with time? Number of shading sorts per creators\' introduction to the world date PT

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Morphosyntactic Patterns in English Grammatical Category of Colors ADJECTIVE: 3,721 words ( super hot needle, white picture, blue eyes,...) NOUN: 932 words (...came back toward the evening gold .) (...hand-painted in orange .) VERB: 108 words (...she grinned and become flushed . ) (...eyes darkened and engorged by fatigue...) ADVERB: 7 word (...she grinned rosily and said...)

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Syntactic Patterns in Portuguese Grammatical Category of Colors ADJECTIVE: 3,193 words (161 lemmas) (carro verde , fato azul ) NOUN: 1,349 words (93 lemmas) (... o verde time uma cor que..., ...estou em pleno azul , suspenso...) VERB: 107 words (15 lemmas) (... muito além daquela serra, que ainda azula no horizonte... ) (...as saladas esverdinhavam à hora do jantar.) ADVERB: 1 word (1 lemma) ( purpureamente ) ADJn: 29 words (16 lemmas) ( - No entanto gosto do azul - prosseguiu, a cliente - e o verde é muito bonito. ) ADJ_N: 27 words (5 lemmas) (Mas Isidoro, mesmo preto , não period capaz de uma coisa dessas.)

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Morphosyntactic Patterns in English Morphosyntactic Patterns utilizing Color + NOUN (1,138) hair 49 ( cocoa hair, rosy hair, wine-red hair...) eye 45 ( red eye, watery-blue eyes,...) silk 22 ( dark red silk, golden shaded silk,...) paper 16 ( yellowing paper, chestnut paper,...) light 16 ( purple light, grayish-blue light,...) velvet 11 ( dark velvet, purple velvet,...) sky 11 ( indigo sky, dim sky,...) plastic 11 ( pale-dim plastic, white plastic,...) bear 10 ( chestnut bear, dark bear,...) Data from EN firsts just; without colour:original, colour:race, colour:human and colour:wine

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Morphosyntactic Patterns in Portuguese Morphosyntactic Patterns utilizing Color NOUN + Color (914) cabelo 41 (cabelos brancos , cabelo negro ,...) olho 32 (olhos azuis , olhos castanhos , olhos verdes ,...) luz 21 (luz vermelha , luz anilada ,...) seda 20 (seda verde , seda roxa ,...) papel 19 (papel colorido, papel amarelo ,...) mármore 13 (mármore negro , mármore verde ,...) vestido 10 (vestido azul , vestido prateado ,...) céu 9 (céu azul , céu cinzento , céu negro ,...) Data from PT firsts just; without cor:original, cor:raça, cor:humana and cor:vinho

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Morphosyntactic Patterns in Portuguese Morphosyntactic Patterns utilizing Color + NOUN (45) damage 6 ( verdes mares...) praia 2 ( alvas praias...) areia 2 ( brancas areias...) cor 2 ( alva cor...) rede 2 ( alva rede...) fio 2 ( alvos fios...) pelúcia 2 ( verde pelúcia...) Data from PT firsts just; without cor:original, cor:raça, cor:humana and cor:vinho

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Morphosyntactic Patterns in English Morphosyntactic Patterns utilizing Color + " and" + Color (98) pink and (shading) 17 dark and (shading) 10 red and (shading) 9 green and (shading) 7 white and (shading) 6 orange and (shading) 6 blue and (shading) 6 Data from EN firsts just

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Morphosyntactic Patterns in Portuguese Morphosyntactic Patterns utilizing Color + " e" + Color (32) branco e (shading) 7 azul e (shading) 5 preto e (shading) 3 ouro e (shading) 2 verde e (shading) 2 vermelho e (shading) 2 amarelo e (shading) 2 Data from PT firsts just

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Morphosyntactic Patterns in English Morphosyntactic Patterns utilizing Color can show up on both sides of the hyphen Color (hyphenated words ) (396) shading [borrowed from something] 85 ( cherry-red ,...) shading [hue modifier] 66 ( dark blue ,...) shading [applied to something] 66 ( green-shirted ,...) shading ["colo(u)red"] 61 ( carrot-hued ,...) shading [colour] 46 ( pink - cocoa ,...) shading [hair-related] 44 ( red-haired ,...) shading [skin-related] 20 ( olive-cleaned ,...) shading [eye-related] 8 ( dim peered toward ,...) EN-side of the corpus

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Morphosyntactic Patterns in Portuguese Morphosyntactic Patterns utilizing Color (hyphenated words) (219) [hue modification] 104 ( verde-vivo , vermelho-escuro ,...) cor-de-... 62 ( cor-de-rosa , cor-de-rato ,...) [borrowed from something] 46 ( verde-musgo ,...) [several colours] 6 ( verde - azul , rosa - e-azul ,...) [applied to something] 1 (spit laranja ) PT-side of the corpus Hyphenated type of clitics in PT excluded

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Morphosyntactic Patterns in Portuguese Morphosyntactic Patterns utilizing Color COR + DE + ... (105) laranja 12 azeitona 8 areia 7 cobre 4 prata 4 PT-side of the corpus

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Color - Originals versus Interpretations

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Orig

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