Shared Information for Choice Making on Environment and Wellbeing Issues in the Cold.


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The wellbeing and prosperity of indigenous people groups (reindeer herders) of the Russian North are straightforwardly reliant upon the condition of reindeer cultivation ...
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Shared Knowledge for Decision-Making on Environment and Health Issues in the Arctic Nancy G. Maynard, Ph.D. Partner Director, Environment & Health NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Boris S. Yurchak, Ph.D. Senior Research Scientist, Goddard Earth Sciences & Technology Center Johan Mathis Turi President, Association of World Reindeer Herders (WRH) October 28, 2003 RADARSAT Global View of the Arctic Ocean Credit : NASA JPL, University of Alaska - Fairbanks

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"… to advance another sort of science where customary learning is coordinated into the administration of the common habitat in the Arctic." Johan Mathis Turi President, Association of World Reindeer Herders 2002

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Outline of Talk Integrating Traditional Knowledge into the Management of the Natural Environment in the Arctic The Issue Primary Factors Impacting Health of Indigenous Peoples of the North What is "Reindeer Mapper" (RM) Why NASA The RM System for Shared Knowledge for Decision-production Reindeer Mapper Project – Status

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The Issue Drastic changes in the economy, atmosphere and environment making basic circumstances in reindeer cultivation The wellbeing and prosperity of indigenous people groups (reindeer herders) of the Russian North are specifically reliant upon the condition of reindeer farming Social: Economic & Cultural Impacts – Reindeer Herders Health Care Problems: Lack of access to human services and different administrations (nation financial aspects) Climate/Environment Impact – Reindeer and Herders Changes in snow/ice spread/permafrost/solidify defrost and accessibility/nature of fields and scrounge; interfered with relocation courses; expanded creepy crawly badgering Loss of field area because of mechanical improvements (e.g. oil and gas pipelines) Contamination of fields, snow, ground, lakes, waterway waters (mining, contamination) Increasing number of predators Education Issues Lack of access to training/schools/materials for reindeer herders\' youngsters so they can stay with family/herders yet at the same time acquire instruction (strategies, assets)

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Remote Sensing (RS) Indicators of Human Health Related Problems Caused by Environmental Factors Caused by Social Factors Human Health Human Health Family Employment Habitation Food Healthcare Spare time Rest Physical Biological Conditions of Life Environmental Factor(s) Social Factor(s) Indicator Phenomena Indicator Phenomena RS Detection RS discovery

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Main Factors Impacting the Health of Indigenous Peoples of the Russian North Access to Healthcare Health of Indigenous Peoples of Russian North Life Style Diet Style and Social-Culture Behavior Veterinary Services Reindeer Husbandry state Social-Economic State of People Anthropogenic Factors Forms of Ownership and Management Ecological Factors Climate Change Area of NASA\'s conceivable commitment

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What Is ReindeerMapper? Administration Support System for Sustainable Reindeer Husbandry Purpose of ReindeerMapper This framework is to bring indigenous customary and neighborhood learning together with investigative and designing information, remote detecting and data advancements to address environment, climate, atmosphere, contamination and area use change issues for enhanced basic leadership for practical reindeer cultivation and as a main concern - to enhance the personal satisfaction of reindeer herders.

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Decision Support Making Subsystem (DMSS) Management Support System " ReindeerMapper " Other related data Remote Sensing Information Traditional Ecological Knowledge GIS Decision Maker

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Management Support System "ReindeerMapper" ( Remote Sensing Components) Land watching satellites Platforms : round, sun-synchronous circle Sensors : multispectral radiometers with center/high spatial determination; detached microwave radiometer; manufactured gap radar Satellite Telemetry System RS Measurement - GIS - DMSS Information-diagnostic Educational - Communication framework LEVELS OF REINDEER HUSBANDRY MANAGEMENT - LOCAL REGIONAL FEDERAL Reindeer Husbandry Management

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Management Data Gaps for Domesticated Reindeers of Northern Russia Condition of fields Forage stock Overgrazing Contamination Fire scars Snow spread parameters Permafrost State of yearly movement pathways Ice conditions, lakes, waterways, and so on. Anthropogenic unsettling influences (e.g. oil and gas base pipelines, drill locales; oil/contaminants spills; fire scars and so forth.) Meteorological conditions Wild reindeer crowds areas

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Why NASA? – Technology Possibilities NASA could give easy to understand, consistently overhauled, remotely detected, data on various basic parameters and changes (to be consolidated with TK and nearby data) for more educated crowd administration: Depth and qualities of snow spread in customary and new movement courses of groups Condition of ice on streams and other water bodies in transitory courses Ecological portrayal of conventional summer and winter fields and yearly relocation courses – and evaluation of their biological appropriateness as field Assessment of anthropogenic effects on movement courses and field terrains of enthusiasm, including natural tainting and foundation advancement Detection, checking, and status of yearly woods fires and related copied zones in field and movement regions of interest Development of methods for observing positive conditions for development of mosquitoes (and other parasitic creepy crawlies) important to potential for reindeer badgering and spread of irresistible maladies Seasonal appraisal of transient courses for groups

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Satellite & Sensor: Terra-MODIS Example of Fire Detection by MODIS Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) composite of western Russia, 4 September 2002 Heat marks (red) and smoke tufts (light blue fog) are unmistakable from the flames. Real nature picture by Moderate-determination Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), determination 250m. Source: NASA Earth Observatory http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/NaturalHazards/natural_hazards_v2.php3?img_id=4743 Credit: Image by Jesse Allen, in light of information from the MODIS Rapid Response Team at NASA-GSFC

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Example of SAR Detection of a Forest Fire Scar ERS-1 SAR scene (08/23/91) of the Bettles locale, situated around 290 km NNW of Fairbanks. A backwoods fire scar coming about because of a flame in 1990 is noticeable because of its solid backscatter/brilliant tone. ( Alaska SAR Facility ERS-1 SAR Image Sampler, 2001 )

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Credit: Eric R. Conrad, Deputy, Field Operations Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection

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GIS Research Center, Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences Goddard Space Flight Center Association of World Reindeer Herders Data Acquisition Reindeer Mapper System Concept Partner Web Reindeer Herder Data/Knowledge Remote Sensing/Science and Technology, Data and Information Other Information/Sources Reindeer Mapper Team Reindeer Mapper GIS Database Conference "Center" World Center for Sustainable Reindeer Herding Teleconferences Data Integration Communication/Outreach Traditional/Local Knowledge/Data Maps/Reports and Analysis NASA/Remote Sensing Data Knowledge exchange between conventional/nearby learning and experimental information Historical Real Time Arctic Data Archives Arctic Science Institutions

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Reindeer Mapper (RM): Initial Steps in Creating a Shared Knowledge System for Decision-Making Selection of Highest Priority Pilot Project Test Sites Acquisition of information from all sources (field perceptions, RS, and so on.) Development of GIS for Pilot Project Test Sites Integration of data from all RM accomplices into regular GIS Reindeer Herders NASA and other remote detecting sources Other information sources Adaptation of existing NASA GIS based framework which encourages the sharing the various information sets by all members which additionally permits continuous access and interconnectivity with remote destinations Develop information base and document for ebb and flow and authentic information, perceptions, and learning for parameters of premium

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For additional data: Dr. Nancy G. Maynard Associate Director NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Mail Code 900 Greenbelt, MD 20771 Tel: (301) 614-6572 email: Nancy.G. Maynard@nasa.gov Dr. Boris Yurchak Senior Research Scientist Goddard Earth Sciences & Technology Center (GEST), Mail Code 900 NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA Tel:(301) 614-5898 email: boris_yurchak@hotmail.com Johan Mathis Turi, President Association of World Reindeer Herders Gronnegata 23 P.O. Box 508 N-9255 Tromsø, Norway Tel: +47 77 656 400 email: wrh.jmt@online.no RADARSAT Global View of the Arctic Ocean Credit : NASA JPL, University of Alaska - Fairbanks

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