Shinto.


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In the 6th century C.E. contact with China presented Buddhism, Taoism, and Confucianism (and composing) ... Some join Shinto with impacts from Buddhism or different religions ...
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Slide 1

Shinto Yasukuni Shrine, Tokyo - by en:user:jpatokal

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What is Shinto? The "Soul Way" (From Chinese Shen-Dao , "method for the Gods," cf. kami-no-michi in Japanese) Ancient (?), indigenous, legendary, nature religion of Japan Called "Shinto"after Buddhism (552 C.E.) No originator – An "ethnic" religion of the Japanese individuals The root and epitome of Japanese society

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Early Shinto shamanism recuperating rehearses love of kami: ( Deities of Shinto that are connected with spots, certain creatures, and the head. They incorporate fanciful creatures, effective and wonderful parts of nature, and essential people.) Appears to have been extremely adaptable in fusing new figures.

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Historical Overview In the 6th century C.E. contact with China presented Buddhism, Taoism, and Confucianism (and composing) fourteenth century worries that Buddhism would overpower Shinto, prompted some cautious divisions. At the tallness of the Shogunate (ca. fifteenth sixteenth hundreds of years) an inclination for Zen by the samurai tip top prompted a few decreases in Shinto impact. Under the Meiji Restoration (1868-1912) Shinto turned into the state religion. After WWII, the Allies constrained the Japanese government to end up common; the Japanese Emperor denied his "heavenly" status. Kuroda Toshio has proposed an option/revisionist history of Shinto: Only in present day times has Shinto/kami no michi assigned a particular, separate religion

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Shinto Mythology Two primary writings: Kojiki (myths of old times, roots of divine beings and man) Nihonji (old history of Japan) Of divine beings & goddesses: The Kami Polytheistic Nature gods – speak to and control regular components and powers Creation myth – Japan as the focal point of the world

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Shinto Mythology Izanagi ("male") & izanami ("female") (sibling & sister) make the islands of Japan Amaterasu – the Sun Goddess Mother of the principal head of Japan

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Three sorts of Shinto Shrine/Folk Shinto State Shinto Sect Shinto

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Shrine Shinto Jinja (sanctums) - Tens of thousands situated all through Japan Natural structure, fits in with common encompassing Torii – passage entryway, isolates sacrosanct from profane space Tusbaki Grand Shrine of America Household holy places – kamidana (kami rack)

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Torii A formal gatelike structure that denote a Shinto hallowed place or sanctuary. Akumi Kanbe Shinmeisha (安久美神戸神明社), Toyohashi, Aichi, Japan

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Miyajima An island close Hiroshima in Japan that is home to a Shinto holy place and a Buddhist sanctuary. A substantial orange torii remains in the sea before Miyajima, denoting the whole island as a sanctuary..

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Grand Shrine at Ise

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Shimenawa a curved rope denoting a hallowed or heavenly spot. Shimenawa at the Izumo-Taisha

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Temizuya a bathing structure where admirers decontaminate themselves by washing face and hands before drawing closer the kami. Kotoku-in, Kamakura 
Photo by Linda Freeman, July 6, 2003

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Enshrined Kami The (image of the) kami stay avoided general visibility Sometimes the image of the kami can be a human figure, yet that is uncommon. Engravings on paper or fabric symbolize the kami. The three fortunes: sword, a mirror, and a gem (comma-molded stone)

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Shinto Worship can occur at home, at a hallowed place, or at celebrations The "default" mode/model is the invidual going by the sanctuary: Enter at the torii Approaches the temizuya for cleansing custom Approaches the altar, dodging the center way to leave space for the kami Places a coin in the gift box, rings the ringer (to summon the kami) Bows twice Claps twice Prayer Bows once (here and there more bows and applauds are standard) Oracles might be given, Charms acquired, and so forth.)

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State Shinto Meiji period (1868) – end of WWII Emphasis on Japanese society and nationality (disposal of remote impacts) Emperors of Japan as awesome Hierarchy of holy places: Main sanctum at Ise – committed to Amaterasu Palace holy places regarding Amaterasu, other kami, and sovereigns Shrines somewhere else devoted to national saints 97% of residual sanctuaries committed to neighborhood kami

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Sect Shinto 13 perceived factions NGOs Many established in 19 th century Specific organizers and writings Unique lessons and practices Some join Shinto with impacts from Buddhism or different religions

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The Four Affirmations Tradition and Family Love of Nature Physical cleanliness Matsuri: celebrations that love and respect the Kami

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Shinto Practices Tradition and Family Life cycle festivities happen at holy places: Newborn Baby 7-5-3 celebration: favors for young men age 5, young ladies ages 3 & 7 Entry to adulthood (age 20) Marriage (since Shinto praises life in this world, in death, the Japanese may swing to Buddhist as opposed to Shinto ceremonies)

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Shinto Practices Love of Nature: Annual cycle of occasional celebrations Physical Cleanliness: Misoji - Water refinement rituals to wash away debasement, along these lines reestablishing unique immaculateness

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Shinto on the Web Ancient Japan: Shinto Creation Stories http://www.wsu.edu/~dee/ANCJAPAN/CREAT.HTM Visit a Shinto holy place on-line: Tsubaki Grand Shrine of America http://www.tsubakishrine.com The Shinto Online Network Association http://www.jinja.or.jp/english/s-0.html

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