Small time Baseball Participation: Winning, MLB's Effect, and Stadium Development.


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Small time Baseball Participation: Winning, MLB's Effect, and Stadium Development Seth R. Gitter and Thomas A. Rhoads Branch of Financial matters Towson College Society for American Baseball Research 2009 Yearly Meeting Washington, DC What conveys f ans to minor l eague amusements?
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Small time Baseball Attendance: Winning, MLB’s Impact, and Stadium Construction Seth R. Gitter and Thomas A. Rhoads Department of Economics Towson University Society for American Baseball Research 2009 Annual Meeting Washington, DC

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What conveys f ans to minor l eague recreations?

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What conveys fans to small time recreations? We Examine Winning Homeruns The MLB Strike Ticket Prices of Nearby MLB Teams Quality Nearby MLB Teams There are different potential outcomes, yet these are the effects of enthusiasm for our study.

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We additionally Examine New Stadiums. Over a large portion of the 200 small time groups assembled another stadium between 1992-2006!

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Our commitment Test the effect of small time group winning and grand slams on participation Test if MLB groups can impact fans far from small time groups Measure the effect on per diversion participation of another stadium and oddity impact

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Data 2076 group/year perceptions including each An, AA, and AAA group from 1992-2006 Data gave by Sports Reference LLC (Baseball-Reference.com) Stadium development date recovered from BallparkReviews.com MLB ticket cost information from the Fan Cost Index (In genuine $s)

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Minor League Attendance Growth

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Statistical Tools (How We Did It) Multivariate relapses evaluated independently by level (An, AA, AAA) This implies when I examine one variables envision the various variables are steady Used city altered impacts This controls for neighborhood pay and populace. Think about all variables contrasted with a team’s normal participation. I can answer specialized inquiries toward the discussion\'s end or give you a paper\'s duplicate with more subtle elements.

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Prior W ork from Economics Minor group hockey research Winfree and Fort (2008) Winning expands participation (yet just somewhat) During the NHL strike small time hockey participation expanded MLB research—novelty impact Coates and Humphreys (2005) Clapp and Hakes (2005) New stadiums build participation. after 10 years there are still increments in participation, yet builds much lower than first year.

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Variables First Analysis Average per amusement participation ( APG ) Analysis isolated by level How is APG affected by: Win % Home Runs (amid the season) MLB Strike (1994 and 1995) Closest MLB team’s ticket value Closet MLB team’s winning rate

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Variables First Analysis Part II Closest MLB team’s effect may rely on upon separation and if the groups are subsidiaries. We think about groups that are Less than 100 miles separated Between 101 and 250 miles separated More than 250 miles separated We look at offshoots and non-partners

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Part I (Analysis I) Results Winning expands participation at An and AA, level and not AAA. The effects of winning are generally little For each 10% winning rate builds participation increments around 2%. Going from .500 to .550 would expand fans throughout a year about what might as well be called one additional amusement Homeruns At the AA level, however not different levels more homers builds participation. Expanding HRs 25% (one standard deviation) builds participation 3%

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Part II (Analysis I)The Influence of the Closest MLB Team MLB is a substitute for small time baseball Attendance expanded when the nearest MLB group inside of 100 miles raised ticket costs. No confirmation for further separations Attendance expanded amid the MLB strike (around 4% a year more than the pattern) The nearest MLB team’s winning rate just matters in the event that they are a member Impact like small time team’s own triumphant rate

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Results (Analysis II) : Part I: New Stadium Impacts About 4% of groups had another stadium in any year of the specimen. Part II: Impacts of MLB Stadiums About 2% of groups in any year were situated inside of 100 miles of another MLB stadium

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Part I (Analysis II) : Summary Attendance increments 40%, 25% and 42% in another stadium at the An, AA, And AAA individually. Over a 10 year period another stadium expands participation by 200,000 fans (Short Season A) 400,000 fans (Long Season An, AA) Size distinctive just because of number of diversions. 1.2 million fans (AAA)

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Impact of New Stadium

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Part 2 (Analysis II) : Summary Impact of MLB Stadium There does not have all the earmarks of being a negative effect of a MLB group constructing another stadium inside of 100 miles. Truth be told at the AA level it has positive effect on participation in years 2-6

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Results Summary Winning and homers have little effects on participation. New stadiums expand small time participation. MLB may be a substitute as far as value, yet new stadiums for MLB groups don\'t appear to draw away small time fans.

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Areas for Future Study Include a money saving advantage examination. Stadium development cost (generously not exactly MLB) Compare increments to MLB for better examination Find small time ticket cost data???? Has the oddity impact decreased after some time as more small time groups have manufactured stadiums?

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Thank you (sgitter@towson.edu) .:t

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