Social equality Movement .

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The Civil Rights Movement before 1954. . Pre-1900Opposition to subjection in pioneer daysAbolition development and Civil WarLegalized prejudice after Reconstruction1896 Plessy v. Ferguson permitted the isolation of African Americans and whites.. 1900-1930s Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du BoisFounding of the NAACP in 1909African Americans endured more regrettable than others amid the Great Depressio
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Social equality Movement Truman, Ike, and JFK

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The Civil Rights Movement preceding 1954 Pre-1900 Opposition to bondage in pioneer days Abolition development and Civil War Legalized prejudice after Reconstruction 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson permitted the isolation of African Americans and whites. 1900-1930s Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois Founding of the NAACP in 1909 African Americans endured more awful than others amid the Great Depression. Roosevelt unwilling to push too hard for more noteworthy African American rights. 1940s A. Philip Randolph constrained a government boycott against segregation in barrier work. 1940s establishing of CORE President Truman integrated the military. Brooklyn Dodgers put an African American—Jackie Robinson—on its list.

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The Civil Rights Movement There were two stages to the Civil Rights development: one stage between 1945-1965 and the other after 1965.

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Why Did the Civil Rights Movement Take Off After 1945? Dark equity turned into a noteworthy political issue for the Democratic Party WWII had been battled against prejudice abroad—difficult to continue harboring it at home Black veterans got back home devoted to change Increasing number of White Americans censured isolation Discrimination in the United States hurt our purposeful publicity fight against the Communists

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Jim Crow Era [1876-1954 ] During these years, African Americans worked vigorously to battle for the privileges of full citizenship ensured to them by the constitution however denied to them by the truth of regular daily existence.

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Jim Crow Jump Jim Crow is a melody and move from 1828 that was done in blackface by white humorist Thomas Dartmouth (T.D.) Rice. The Jim Crow laws were state and neighborhood laws in the United States established somewhere around 1876 and 1965. They ordered by law racial isolation in all open offices.

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Racial Caste System to the 1960s Segregation Disfranchise-ment Lynching

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Savagery of Lynching?

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According to the Tuskegee Institute 4,742lynchings happened between 1882-1968. 90% of the casualties were Southern 73% of the casualties were dark 27% of the casualties were white

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During World War II: US Armed Forces were Segregated The US military was isolated by amid World War II. Indeed, even blood supplies were isolated for highly contrasting troops.

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This is a toon by Oliver Harrington representing the lip service of proceeding with isolation after World War II. "My Daddy said they didn\'t appear to mind servin\' him on the Anzio shoreline head. . ." Published in the Pittsburgh Courier , April 2, 1960.

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Post-World War II: Civil Rights 1947: Jackie Robinson softened the shading line up major‐league baseball 1948: President Harry S. Truman integrated the equipped administrations and gathered a presidential commission on social equality

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Jackie Robinson (1947) First African-American Baseball Player in the Major Leagues Career .311 hitter 6 time All-Star 1949 NL MVP Still possesses the record for taking home 19 times

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1948 Democratic Convention The Democrats were the first of the two noteworthy gatherings to bolster social liberties or citizenship rights for African Americans The Dixiecrats left the tradition.

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1948 Election: Strom Thurmond The Dixiecrats ran South Carolinian Democrat Strom Thurmond as a free possibility for president. He won a couple of Deep South expresses that bolstered racial isolation.

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The Battle in the Courts Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) - - "isolated yet equivalent" offices = lawful Smith v. Allwright (1944) First assault = "separate is not equivalent" Brown v. Leading group of Education of Topeka, Kansas (1954) - Chief Justice Earl Warren

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Citizen\'s Council/Till Lynching As segregationist White Citizens Councils spread over the South and as the lynching of Emmett Till, a dark kid from Chicago seeing relatives in Mississippi, ruled the features, the prospects for social equality appeared to be diminish.

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The Murder of Emmett Till (1955) August, 1955, a fourteen year old kid going to his cousin in Money, Mississippi had shrieked at a white lady, Carolyn Bryant in a supermarket. Emmett Till was killed, lynched , by two white men, J.W. Milam and Roy Bryant, that night. Regardless of their captures, the two men were in the long run vindicated by an all white jury. New improvements in 2004 took into account the trial to be revived, in light of new confirmation that recommended more individuals may have been included.

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Montgomery Bus Boycott In Montgomery, Alabama, the capture of Rosa Parks (1913–2005), a sewer and NAACP extremist who abused a nearby isolation law by declining to move to the back of a city transport, started a thirteen‐month transport blacklist that pulled in national and universal consideration.

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King and Montgomery Led by the Reverend Martin Luther King Jr., who advanced a Gandhian system of peaceful resistance, the Montgomery Improvement Association (MIA) turned into the touchstone of the resulting development.

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Analysis: Civil Rights A proving ground for contrasting speculations of racial conformity and social change, Montgomery illustrated: the financial and good weakness of isolation the powerlessness of even direct segregationists to trade off the steadfast valor of numerous Southern blacks the political significance and enthusiastic force of African‐American religion the feasibility of peaceful direct activity.

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SCLC In 1957 the development appeared to pick up force, with King\'s arrangement of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)

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IKE and Little Rock [1957]

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1957 Civil Rights Act 1957: the section of the principal government social liberties law since Reconstruction. It pronounced that the disappointment of Black individuals was unlawful; it approved the Justice Department to look for directives against impedance with the privilege to vote; and, it set up the Commission on Civil Rights to examine any obstructions with the law.

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Non-Violent Protests amid the Civil Rights Movement Civil rights specialists utilized a few immediate, peaceful strategies to stand up to segregation and prejudice in the late 1950s and mid 1960s. Blacklists Sit-ins Freedom Rides Many of these peaceful strategies depended on those of Mohandas Gandhi—a pioneer in India\'s battle for autonomy from Great Britain. American social liberties pioneers, for example, James Farmer of CORE, Martin Luther King Jr. of SCLC, and others shared Gandhi\'s perspectives. James Lawson, an African American clergyman, directed workshops on peaceful techniques in Nashville and on school grounds.

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1960 Sit-In Movement February 1960, four dark understudies organized an off the cuff sit‐in at an isolated Woolworth\'s lunch counter in Greensboro, North Carolina The development soon spread to more than a hundred southern urban areas, provoking the establishing of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee ( SNCC )

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1961 Freedom Rides In 1961, CORE supported an "opportunity ride" testing a late Supreme Court choice forbidding isolation on interstate transports. At the point when CORE suspended the activity taking after white‐supremacist brutality in Anniston and Birmingham, Alabama, SNCC activists finished the ride.

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Results of Sit-ins and Freedom Rides Succeeded at inspiring organizations to change their arrangements Marked a move in the social equality development—indicated youthful African Americans\' developing anxiety with the moderate pace of progress Leaders framed the SNCC. Sit-ins After the savage beatings in Birmingham, transport organizations declined to offer the Freedom Riders tickets and CORE disbanded the Freedom Ride. Flexibility Rides SNCC proceeded with the Freedom Rides. Lawyer General Robert Kennedy sent government marshals to Montgomery to ensure the riders. The Interstate Commerce Commission at last constrained the joining of transport and prepare stations. Government Intervention

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The Movement SNCC started a sit in Albany\'s transport station. More than 500 demonstrators were captured. The government was educated yet made no move. Neighborhood pioneers asked Martin Luther King Jr. to lead more exhibitions and to acquire scope for the challenges. He concurred and was likewise captured. The Results The police boss had concentrated King\'s strategies and made courses of action to check the peaceful dissent. At the point when the press arrived, King was discharged. City authorities would just manage neighborhood pioneers until King left. When King left, authorities would not consult by any stretch of the imagination. The nine-month development fizzled. The Albany Movement

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Albany Campaign [1962] The peaceful direct activity procedure endured a genuine difficulty in Albany, Georgia, in 1962. Not just did Albany authorities jumble SCLC\'s endeavors to fill the prisons with dissenters, yet constant strains between SCLC pioneers and nearby activists in the end persuaded King to forsake the battle.

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Integration of Higher Education in the South By 1960 the NAACP started to assault isolation in schools and colleges. In 1961 a court arrange required the University of Georgia to concede two African American understudies. Charlayne Hunter and Hamilton Holmes endured yet both graduated in 1963. In 1962 James Meredith attempted to select at the University of Mississippi. He landed on grounds with 500 government marshals and was met by 2,500 brutal dissidents. President Kennedy went on national TV to declare that he was sending in troops. The troops finished the challenge yet hundreds had been harmed and two murdered. A little compel of marshals stayed to secure Meredith until he graduated in 1963. In 1963 the legislative head of Alabama physically blocked Vivian Malone and James Hood from enlisting at the University of Alabama.

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Meredith and Ole\' Miss In 1962, James Meredith\'s endeavor to desegr

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