Social Order(s).


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Social Order(s) Murmur 2052: Development II Spring 2009 Dr. Perdigao February 25, 2009 Radicalism Roots in John Locke (17 th century) and Edification rationality (18 th century)
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Social Order(s) HUM 2052: Civilization II Spring 2009 Dr. Perdigao February 25, 2009

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Liberalism Roots in John Locke (17 th century) and Enlightenment theory (18 th century) Constitutional certifications of individual freedom and facilitated commerce in financial aspects, prompting social change and monetary development Support of Industrial Revolution yet restricting roughness and state influence advanced by French Revolution Middle class—manufacturers, traders, experts bolster progressivism (MW: 674)

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Socialism Following radicalism “liberties pushed by liberals profited just the center class—the proprietors of manufacturing plants and businesses—not the workers” (MW: 675) Sought to redesign society Critique of Industrial Revolution for making two classes: new white collar class (entrepreneurs who own the riches) and regular workers Robert Owen—Welsh—factory town in Scotland, then Indiana (New Harmony, 1920s) (Florida?) Emancipation of ladies (MW: 675-676)

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Collectivists and Communists Socialists after 1840 “emphasizing their craving to supplant private property by common, aggregate ownership” (676) Marx (1818-1883) and Engels (1820-1895) Communist League, 1848 Communist Manifesto “capitalist free undertaking framework that had made the precious stone royal residence was presently nearly fall and would soon be toppled by the very class of workers it had made to meet modern demands” (1369) Bourgeoisie versus low class Bourgeoisie (entrepreneur) Proletariat (regular workers) Embrace industrialization to achieve common unrest and “abolition of abuse, private property, and class society” (676)

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Rise of Marxism Unions after 1848, proceeding with progressive soul Anarchism as devastation of state force on the grounds that “the presence of the state was the base of social injustice” (MW: 713) Mikhail Bakunin (1814-1876) Marx: political scholar and work coordinator Scientific hypothesis (like Darwin?): numerical estimations of creation and benefit (MW: 713) Das Kapital Returns to John Locke (another persuasive content for Frankenstein) “that human presence was characterized by the need to work to satisfy fundamental needs, for example, nourishment, attire, and shelter” (MW: 713).

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The Road to Revolution Materialism as class connections created around work the “mode of production” Feudalism (serf and medieval ruler); subjection (slave and expert); private enterprise (laborer [proletariat] and industrialist) Rather than underline individual rights, he concentrates on “unequal class relations” (MW: 713) and tossing the “romantic perspectives of the Utopian socialists” to concentrate on battle as intends to bring change Marx “rejected the liberal Enlightenment see that society was essentially symphonious, keeping up rather that social advancement could happen just through conflict” (714)

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Defining the Revolution From “Revolutionary Principles” (1369-1370): Change in suspicions in science, rationality, the structure of society, human character Nietzsche’s contention that Western society is in decline—moral rot of society and loss of individual opportunity Marx and Engels—cultural decline—problems in entrepreneur free society that delivered the Crystal Palace was going into disrepair and would be toppled, anticipating upsets in their times “Revolutions of the mind”: testing acknowledged thoughts in science, reasoning, and society The “woman question” addressed best in principle or in salons, their place in history After Newton, inquiries of God’s part in world, Darwin’s hypotheses in connection to that inside, creationism

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Limits of Civilization “the plague of over production” that leads society into “momentary barbarism” (come back to Montaigne?) “Because there is an excess of civilisation, a lot of method for subsistence, a lot of industry, an excessive amount of trade. The beneficial powers at the transfer of society no more have a tendency to promote the conditions\' improvement of middle class property; in actuality, they have turned out to be too effective for these conditions, by which they are shackled, thus soon

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