Social Problems .

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Social Problems. Work and Unemployment. Overview. Modern economy originates with the information revolution and post-industrial economy - a productive system based on service work and information technology - began in 1950s Character of work changed: From tangible products to ideas
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Social Problems Work and Unemployment

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Overview Modern economy begins with the data upset and post-modern economy -a beneficial framework in light of administration work and data innovation -started in 1950s Character of work changed: From substantial items to thoughts From mechanical abilities to education aptitudes From production lines to anyplace

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Economic Systems Capitalism Private responsibility for Pursuit of individual benefit Competition and customer decision Welfare free enterprise consolidates a for the most part market-based economy with broad social welfare programs

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Economic Systems (cont.) Socialism Collective responsibility for Pursuit of aggregate objectives Government control of economy Communism : a theoretical financial and political framework in which individuals are socially equivalent

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Capitalism versus Communism Economic profitability : free enterprise out produces communism 2.7:1. Financial equity : communist economies make less pay divergence yet offer a lower general way of life. Individual flexibility : private enterprise has opportunity to act and communism has flexibility from need.

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The Global Economy The worldwide economy grows monetary action that crosses national outskirts Consequences: Global division of work Products go through a few countries National governments have less control Small number of organizations control an endless share of the market Concerns about the rights and chances of laborers are raised

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Other results The world\'s nations are getting to be particular. Governments can no more drawn out completely control the monetary action that happens inside their outskirts. A little number of organizations control an unfathomable share of the world\'s monetary exercises.

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New Technology and the Workplace How PCs change the work environment: "Deskilling" of work: Machines make some a few specialists and directors out of date Making work more theoretical: Understanding as opposed to doing is key Limiting workspace cooperation Enhance business\' control of laborers Allow migration of work: call focuses

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Economic Sectors Primary : part that draws crude materials from the regular habitat Secondary : part that changes crude materials into produced merchandise Tertiary : part that creates administrations "Social propagation area" : unpaid work

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Changes in Economic Sectors

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Dual Labor Market Primary work advertise : occupations that give broad advantages to specialists, e.g., cubicle callings and upper administration Secondary work showcase : employments that give insignificant advantages to laborers, e.g., low-aptitude administration and hands on work "Hold armed force of work" : those last procured in extension and initially terminated with withdrawal

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Labor Force Participation in the Canadian Post-Industrial Economy In 2008, 18.2 million individuals in the work drive however by Feb. 2009, down to 16.9% 73% of men and 63% of ladies matured 15+ are in the work drive Approximately 4% are in rural work Approximately 75% of the work compel is in the administration division, yet much administration work pays significantly less than previous manufacturing plant occupations

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Types of Employment Professions : require broad instruction and preparing – "salaried work" Paraprofessionals: have aptitudes however need hypothetical learning Unionized work: 1/3 of work constrain Some is "hands on" work yet most elevated amount is in broad daylight organization (i.e. educators)

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Self-and Underemployment Self-occupation : procuring a living without working for a huge association. Incorporates experts, ranchers, exchanges individuals, and domestic ventures Approximately 15% of work constrain Underemployment utilizes under one\'s full gifts or capacities half of college graduates are in occupations that don\'t require these certifications. In any case, level of instruction is an indicator of work

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Underground Economy Economic action including wage or the trading of products and ventures that is not answered to the administration as required by law, e.g., looking after children, deals, and illicit action 15-20 percent of financial movement Statistics Canada recommends 3.5 percent of GDP Increased with burden of GST

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Bureaucratization Predicted and depicted by Max Weber Based on discerning lawful power structure Ideal organization has Christmas tree shape Downward hierarchy of leadership and upward data stream Tall (various leveled) versus level (more vote based and gainful) bureaucratic structures

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Structural Functionalist Perspective on Work and Unemployment One of most fundamental social establishments Provides social communication, social solidarity and attachment in the public arena Stratification and pecking order in workforce both common and ordinary Unemployment is a brokenness

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Conflict and Feminist Perspective Source of class struggle Bourgeoisie need more work for less cash and low class need more pay for less work An innate disagreement in free enterprise framework Workforce is patriarchal: ladies make less Problem of the "hold armed force of work" Unemployment keeps compensation low Women are abused for their unpaid work

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Symbolic Interactionist and Social Constructionist Views Work is a noteworthy wellspring of personality Also wellspring of status and acknowledgment Social Constructionist: The workforce, work relations, and how individuals consider work continually advancing

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Social Problems Linked to Work and Unemployment Gender segregation Racial and ethnic separation Inequality Work-family issues Alienation

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Vulnerable Populations Sex specialists Child workers

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Unemployment Discriminatory unemployment Due to segregation in light of ethnicity or sexual orientation Structural unemployment Due to financial components

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Unemployment (cont.) Unemployed increments with "cutting back" esp. amid a retreat Rarely beneath 5% Official insights downplay it (just a % of those still "effectively looking for work") Does exclude "disheartened laborers" Does not number low maintenance work Some low maintenance work is automatic Higher for noticeable minorities and Native men and ladies Higher for more youthful men and ladies

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Unemployment Rates In Canada, official unemployment rate on Mar. 13 was 7.7% U.S. was 8.1% TD predicts will be 10% by end of the year "There is undoubtedly 2009 will stand out forever as a standout amongst the most troublesome monetary years for Canadians" (Beata Caranci, TD\'s chief of financial anticipating) Globally, another figure by the U.N. predicts that more than 198 million individuals will be unemployed in 2009

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Work-related Health Problems Workplace wellbeing Work push Job instability Exploitation

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Health Consequences of Unemployment Mortality Substance Abuse Depression and Anxiety Increased smoking rate and higher weight Increased danger of brutality (esp. local) Other impacts Spousal impacts Effects on youngsters

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Solutions? Tepperman proposes more employment preparing and instruction programs at the societal level and treatment (for debilitated specialists) and systems administration at individual level. Nonetheless, when unemployment is basic and worldwide, then basic changes are required For example, U.N\'s Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) proposes "ten million [green] employments could be made by putting resources into reestablishing debased woods, planting new trees, building timberland trails and diversion ranges" (, March 10 2009)

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Or… . A case of an unrest advancing majority rule auxiliary change The take (2004) Avi Lewis and Naomi Klein Produced by Barna-Alper creations and Klein Lewis Productions with the NFB and CBC A video on the impacts of financial crumple and globalization on work (and unemployment) in Argentina in 2001

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