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Socialism POSC 150 Prologue to Political Hypothesis Braunwarth Russian Culture late nineteenth c. Staying aware of whatever remains of Europe? No, retrogressive, uneducated, and superstitious The honorability communicated in French Semi-Primitive, worker society Economy in view of horticulture
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Socialism POSC 150 Introduction to Political Theory Braunwarth

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Russian Society late nineteenth c. Staying aware of whatever is left of Europe? No, retrogressive, ignorant, and superstitious The respectability communicated in French Semi-Feudal, laborer society Economy in view of agribusiness Is this the setting for a Marxist Communist Revolution? No - little working class

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Russian Politics Much Discontent from both Peasants and Intellectuals No opportunity of civil argument/exchange resistance gatherings banned spies and sources all around detainment facilities brimming with protesters some unlawful leaflets, terrorism

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Lenin (Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov) Older sibling executed for attempting to kill Tsar Alexander II Went underground, turned into a progressive, and took the name of Lenin Plunged into a broad investigation of Engels and Marx

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Leninism Learned: class battle is the main thrust of authentic advancement Must exploit class refinements Any methods important to accomplish closures Hardened against “softness”

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Vanguard Party What is it? Little, composed gathering of progressive erudite people Need to disturb, arrange, and teach the specialists to their “true” intrigues Needed to overcome “trade union consciousness” Revolution would be more probable with “immiserated” low class and vanguard

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1917 Russian Revolution Fed up with annihilations and deficiencies WWI March: riots in enormous urban communities, troops join in Tsar Nicholas supplanted by Kerensky October: Bolsheviks tempest Winter Palace Seized mines, plants, industrial facilities, and so on. Prompted counter-upset via landowners and other favored gatherings (whites) 1918-1920 common war: Reds won

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Russian Communism Lenin required the Proletariat\'s Vanguard to achieve the unrest in Russia Did the subsequent state whither away as anticipated by Lenin? Why or Why not? Sample of “The Iron Law of Oligarchy”

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China Overview About same size as U.S. more than 1 billion individuals v. 255 million Similar Climate, settled East to West

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China nineteenth c. Decrease to Desperation (much starvation) Situation: fundamentally the same to Russia Very little common (1 in 200) Large Peasant populace Very poor, to a great extent medieval (war masters) Also, abused by Imperialist Powers Opium Wars 1850s: arrangement of Peasant Revolts

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Dr. Sun Yat-Sen Born 1866 in a poor cultivating family established Kaomintang Party (KMT) Led uprisings against rulers including fruitful 1911 insurgency Good goals yet co-picked by nonnatives Died 1925

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Mao 1893-1976 Librarian (taught) confined to what had been interpreted into Chinese: Communist Manifesto , Lenin’s Imperialism Founding individual from Chinese Communist Party 1921

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Chiang Kai-Shek General in magnificent armed force Joined KMT Succeeded Sun yet-sen Actively contradicted to Mao and communists

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1935 The Long March Mao with armed force of 200,000 1 year: catch 160 urban areas, cross 16 mountain ranges, multitudinous waterways, normal 24 miles/day with recruits, lost ~ 400,000 wind up in collapses Yenan region guerilla fighting, got to know individuals “swim like fish in the ocean” set up little independent socialism

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Japan attacks 1937 Chiang Kai Shek sets influence More worried with communists “disease of the heart” KMT bumbles in both wars Mao battles vastly improved 1946 Communists start assuming control After 1949 Chiang Kai Shek takes riches and escapes to Taiwan

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Revolution 1949 Nation rather than Class Not so much inside class fighting as hostile to radical war of national freedom Rural Proletariat: Lot of accentuation on abused individuals They upheld him Revolution started in field Model for upheaval in Asia and Africa

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Progress under Mao Virtually killed starvation, prostitution, female child murder, female foot tying, profiteering kicked out outside defilers Agriculture increments 4%/year Industrial generation increments 11% “small is beautiful” fabricated dams, recovered area, and so on

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Always Fighting USSR model 1957 Hundred Flowers: supported feedback of dug in world class 1958 Great Leap Forward Industry in little bungalow commercial ventures Neither functioned admirably Still extremely poor nation People to a great extent energetic

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Cultural Revolution 1966 Revolution inside of the unrest Saw issues in USSR Tried to return influence to individuals instead of settled in elites Moved tip top and intellectual elite to nation Set back creation some and instruction a considerable measure Ultimately couldn’t stop the ILOO C.R. in the long run controlled by first class

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Post Mao After death in 1976: Deng Xiaoping accentuation on Economic Development some presentation of Free Mkt economy No comparing Political Free

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