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Strong foundations.


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Strong foundations. Early childhood care and education. UNGEI meeting. Cairo 12 November 2006. Education for All Dakar Goals and Millennium Development Goals. EFA Goals. MDGs. Expand and improve comprehensive early childhood care and education Universal primary education by 2015
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Solid establishments Early adolescence consideration and instruction UNGEI meeting Cairo 12 November 2006

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Education for All Dakar Goals and Millennium Development Goals EFA Goals MDGs Expand and enhance exhaustive early adolescence consideration and training Universal essential instruction by 2015 Learning and life aptitudes programs for youth and grown-ups half increment in grown-up proficiency rates by 2015 Gender equality by 2005 and sexual orientation correspondence by 2015 Improving nature of instruction Eradicate amazing destitution and yearning Achieve all inclusive essential training Promote sex fairness and enable ladies Reduce tyke mortality, and other wellbeing objectives Improve maternal wellbeing No nation in need ought to be denied global help 1

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Far from EFA (EDI beneath 0.80) Intermediate position (EDI somewhere around 0.80 and 0.94) EFA accomplished or close (EDI somewhere around 0.95 and 1.00) 19 8 1 4 11 1 2 4 2 6 3 1 2 17 18 6 2 15 50 47 28 EFA: Where do we stand? Out of 125 nations, 47 have accomplished the EFA objectives. Nations demonstrating the best advance are in the least scoring bunch Excludes numerous nations a long way from objectives, e.g. those in strife Total 2

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1999 2004 Arab States Central/East. Europe N. America/West. Europe East Asia/Pacific Central Asia Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America/Caribbean South/West Asia 80 100 120 140 Gross admission rate in essential training (%) More and more youngsters are beginning school Sharp increments in Grade 1 access in Sub-Saharan Africa and South and West Asia 3

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Arab States Central/Eastern Europe Central Asia East Asia/Pacific Latin America/Caribbean North America/Western Europe South/West Asia Sub-Saharan Africa 0.80 0.90 1.00 1.10 Gender Parity Index in Gross Intake Rate in essential instruction Trend profiting young ladies Global sex equality record up from 0.92 in 1999 to 0.94 in 2004 Rapid advancement in nations with low enrolment proportions and high sexual orientation differences Mauritania, Malawi, Qatar and Uganda among nations that accomplished sex equality somewhere around 1999 and 2004 4

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Sub-Saharan Arab States South/West Latin America Centr ./East . N. America/Central Asia East Asia/Africa Asia Caribbean Europe West. Europe Pacific Primary instruction 1.1 Gender equality 1.0 1999 2004 GPI in GER 0.9 0.8 0.7 Gender equality in essential About 66% of nations out of 181 with information have accomplished sex equality in essential training Gaps still moved in Arab States, South and West Asia and Sub Saharan Africa: approximately 90 young ladies for each 100 young men 5

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77 million kids still not in school Drop of 20 million since 1999, primarily in South Asia 117 young ladies out of school for each 100 young men Marked prohibition in Arab States and South and West Asia But country home, family unit destitution and mother's absence of instruction are all the more deciding elements 6

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Who is out-of-school? Country, poor, uneducated mother Out-of-school kids by tutoring knowledge 7

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100 80 60 40 20 Survival rates to last grade (%) Cohort finishing rates (%) 0 Mali Niger Nepal Saudi Togo Benin Oman Bolivia Ghana Algeria Eritrea Kuwait Belarus Panama Rwanda Burundi Ecuador Morocco Lesotho Mongolia Lebanon Myanmar Dominica Mauritius Colombia Lao P. D. Nicaragua Tajikistan Swaziland Mauritania Barbados Guatemala Cameroon Azerbaijan Costa Rica Bangladesh Madagascar Cape Verde Kazakhstan Too couple of understudies complete elementary school notwithstanding expanding access, enhancing maintenance is a vital component to diminishing out-of-school kids 8

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Girls' better consummation Almost wherever aside from Sub-Saharan Africa, young ladies will probably stay in grade school longer than young men 9

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Needed: more prepared educators Sub-Saharan Africa needs to enlist no less than 1.6 million more instructors to achieve UPE by 2015 Serious deficiencies in country regions Too couple of female educators in nations with low enrolment of young ladies Slight change in student educator proportions in many locales somewhere around 1999 and 2004 Only slight increment in % of prepared educators 10

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pre essential 100 80 % Female educators 60 40 East Asia Pacific Central Asia South/West Arab States Asia Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America Caribbean Central/Eastern Western Europe North America/Europe Recruiting female educators In pre-essential about all educators are ladies Lack of grade school female instructors in areas where biggest sexual orientation variations hold on 11

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Secondary training 1.1 Gender equality 1.0 GPI in GER 0.9 0.8 1999 2004 0.7 Centr ./East . Sub-Saharan Arab States South/West Latin America N. America/Central Asia East Asia/Africa Asia Caribbean Europe West. Europe Pacific Secondary equality Only 33% of nations have accomplished equality at the auxiliary level Gender contrasts more prominent than in essential instruction Low optional enrolment proportions: inconsistencies at cost of young ladies High auxiliary enrolment proportions: incongruities to the detriment of young men 12

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Continued hindrances to tutoring Multiple wellsprings of avoidance must be overcome through instructive and money related bolster Poverty Direct and aberrant expenses of instruction: stipends, grants to build access Distance to class Language and ethnicity School environment Social prohibition Cultural boundaries: part in home and in the public arena 13

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Towards sex equity Gender equality in instruction does not generally mean sex uniformity Public approach must advance equivalent rights and treatment of young ladies Reducing sex inclination in educational program and course books Gender touchy educator preparing and classroom teaching method Confronting sexual viciousness and provocation 14

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Literacy stays tricky One in five grown-ups – 781 million – need fundamental proficiency abilities – one in four ladies by far most live in South and West Asia, sub-Saharan Africa and East Asia 15

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The ECCE basic: Young youngsters under risk Child conceived in creating world has 40% shot of living in great destitution 31% of kids in creating nations tolerably or extremely hindered 10.5 million under-5 kids bite the dust every year, most from preventable sicknesses High under-5 death rates in sub-Saharan Africa and South/West Asia Each day 1,800 kids tainted with HIV Children in crisis, strife and post-struggle circumstances very powerless 16

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ECCE: solid establishments "Extending and enhancing far reaching early youth consideration and training, particularly for the most defenseless and impeded kids" Rights UN Convention on the Rights of the Child Development Poverty diminishment and the MDG wellbeing and training objectives Education Future support and accomplishment Equity Reducing social imbalance 17

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Thinking completely Holistic projects include: Nutrition Health and cleanliness Physical and passionate advancement Social aptitudes Education 18

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Iron, nourishment, deworming and psycho-social incitement sway on learning Combining sustenance and instruction has bigger and more enduring effect sometimes, affect higher for young ladies Access to elementary school on time, particularly for young ladies Retention in grade school Lower redundancy Better dialect advancement Higher accomplishment Early adolescence, sustenance and training Nutrition and Education Reinforce Each Other Early Childhood Participation Improves Later Education 19

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Acting early pays off 'It is an uncommon open strategy activity that advances reasonableness and social equity and in the meantime advances profitability in the economy and in the public arena on the loose. Putting resources into impeded youthful kids is such an arrangement.' Most thorough studies on advantages originate from created nations U.S. High/Scope Perry investigation of low-pay African-American kids higher IQ at age 5 upgraded accomplishment at school higher winning at age 40 High comes back to programs in India, Egypt, Colombia, Bolivia Returns most noteworthy for poorest and most impeded youngsters James Heckman, Nobel financial matters prizewinner 20

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An assorted field Ages 0 to 8 Informal arrangement by guardians or more distant family, at home, family or group settings Ages 0 to 2 Organized/non-formal consideration and instruction Support to guardians/Parental leave Ages 3+ Pre-essential and non-formal training for 3+ Providers Governments Private Sector (high private arrangement in Africa and Arab States, moderately high in Latin America/Caribbean) International NGOs Community-based associations 21

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Programs for the under-3s The absence of projects for the under-3s incompletely reflects presumptions about ladies' residential part, out of venture with momentum substances Countries with no less than one formal system for kids under 3 in 2005 (%) 22

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Developed/move nations Latin America/Caribbean East Asia/Pacific South and West Asia Arab States Sub-Saharan Africa Regional patterns in pre-essential A three-fold increment in pre-essential enrolments more than 30 years More than 1 in 3 kids now enlisted however immense provincial contrasts 23

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Drivers for ECCE Historical powers Industrialization and interest for ladies specialists From private philanthropy to open obligation More ladies at work outside agribusiness Strongly connected with cooperation in pre-school programs Migration and urbanization Changing family unit structures Fewer more distant families More one-guardian families Research on tyke advancement 24

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Women in labor power drives ECCE arrangement High female job produces interest for ECCE 25

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80 60 40 Attendance rates (%) 20 0 Haiti India Niger Egypt Kenya Bolivia Uganda Lesotho Rwanda Senegal Lao PDR Mongolia Colombia Viet Nam Myanmar Tajikistan Nicaragua Cameroon Venezuela Philippines Azerbaijan Madagascar D. R. Congo Sierra Leone U. R. Tanzania Trinidad/Tobago Poverty limits access Higher participation for youngsters from wealthier family units Lower participation among poor who might profit most Poorer hou