Sort Approval Laboratory for electronic correspondence hardware Basic Concepts & RequirementsSlide 2
Scope of the Workshop Normative, administrative and institutionalization structures Basic ideas of Type Approval Test Methodologies Conformity Assessment Concepts & Requirements Safety and EMC Spectral Efficiency Fixed Coommunications (Legacy & NGN) gear Mobile Communications gear Broadcasting administrations gearSlide 3
Participation Regulators (Tanzania, Kenya) Standardization Bodies (TBS) Opearators Sintesio Team - comprising of specialists from the business (EMC, altered systems, versatile systems, broadcasting), uniquely chose for this specific taskSlide 4
Workshop Overview Introductions TCRA presentations Sintesio presentations (general, EMC, wellbeing, broadcasting, portable systems, settled systems) Breakaway sessions Wrap-up on breakaway sessionsSlide 5
Results of the Workshop Summary Inputs to Cost Evaluation: Normative, administrative and institutionalization systems Agreement on Basic Conformity asses. ideas Applicable Type Approval Procedures Laboratory Requirements Next step(s): Evaluating the expense of Type Approval Lab. Outlining the Type Approval LaboratorySlide 6
Current Status Regulatory Framework entrenched Type Approval set up Testing constrained at the most to handle trials Installation personell must be affirmed Vendors/merchants must be rgistered with the power Problem of fake, sub-standard portable terminals More standardizing structure still required More implementation requiredSlide 7
Type Approval is ... Sort endorsement is conceded to an item that meets a base arrangement of administrative , specialized and security prerequisites . By and large, sort endorsement is required before an item is permitted to be sold in a specific nation, so the necessities for a given item will shift far and wide .Slide 8
Operator Vs "Controller" Perspective Operators basically need to guarantee income and in this manner endeavor to make/save esteem for their clients While the point of controllers is to secure the general population, nature and the assetsSlide 9
Operators do Performance estimation (KPIs, system component counters, flagging checking) Implementation/convention conformance testing field trial testing/drive tests – genuine environment interoperability testing load testing E2E testing Sometimes have test plants/research centers and are better set to lead a few testsSlide 10
Regulators/Governments Enforce Essent ial necessities: - Safety (LVD, SAR, emanated outflows) - Electromagnetic Compatibility (discharges and invulnerability) - Efficient utilization of radiofrequency range OtherSlide 11
Testing Conformity - To vital prerequisites - Additional, e.g. interoperability, crisis … Interoperability (Interconnection, interworking, meandering, numerous merchant system) - Not pragmatic in sort endorsement - This is a genuine issue everyone facesSlide 12
Conformity Assessment cost relies on upon a more extensive Type Approval structureSlide 13
Two measurements of Conformity Assessment costs Subject of the discourse of this workshop!Slide 15
Different Test & Measurement techniquesSlide 16
R&TTE Directive 1999/5/EC on radio and media communications terminal gear characterizes a regulating structure for CE check endorsement and speaks to a decent case and a perspective for setting a sort endorsement process on a national and worldwide level. Low Voltage Directive (LVD) – Directive 2006/95/EC Electro-Magnetic Compatibility (EMC) Directive – Directive 2004/108/EC radio gear should be constructed to the point that it viably utilizes the range allotted to earthly/space radio correspondence Point of Reference: CE check ApprovalSlide 17
R&TTE Requirements R&TTE … Radio and Telecommunications Terminal Equipment Directive(s) Standards(s) Presumption of Conformance Essential Requirements 3.1.a 3.1.b 3.2 3.3 Safety EMC Efficient utilization of RF Spectrum Optional Other(s) Technical avocationSlide 18
Safety Standards IEC 60065 for Household Audio/Video Equipment IEC 60335 Household and comparable electrical apparatuses IEC 60601 Medical Electrical Equipment IEC 60691 Thermal Links IEC 60730 Automatic Electrical Controls IEC 60745 Hand-held Electric Tools IEC 60950 Information Technology Equipment IEC 61010 Electrical Equipment for Measurement, Control and Laboratory Use IEC 61058 Switches for Appliances IEC 61215 and IEC 61646 for Photovoltaic (PV) Modules IEC 61965 for Cathode Ray TubesSlide 19
Good practice Low Voltage Directive (LVD) 2006/95/EC http://ec.europa.eu/security Harmonized standard IEC/ETSI EN 60950 Electric stun Energy perils Fire Mechanical and heat risks Radiation dangers Chemical dangers Electric quality Leakage current Resistance to flame Protection from electric stun Protection from vitality risks Physical and valuable prerequisites and all the more then 400 pages in sexually transmitted disease. EN 60950Slide 20
EMC - What We Need? EMC gauges information estimation gear research facility positive attitude (aims)Slide 21
EMC Standards IEC CISPR 16 IEC CISPR 22 (EN 55022) IEC CISPR 24 EN 300 386 v 1.4.1 EN 61000Slide 22
Broadcasting innovationsSlide 24
Testing of recipients Assuring that the collectors conform to (future!) DVB-T system attributes Two methodologies are proposed: One-time testing at TAL (testing of one write, setting up a report, support in tackling issues, database support for Communication battle) Permanent testing – changeless stage for similarity and interoperability testing (DVB-T system is an evolving domain!) utilizing every single affirmed beneficiary availableSlide 25
Mobile Communications Systems 1 st Generation ( Analog, e.g. AMPS, NMT, TACS) 2 nd Generation (advanced, e.g. GSM, PCS) 3 rd Generation (IMT-2000/UMTS) 4 th Generation (LTE Advanced) Other (PMR, TETRA and so forth) MAIN SCOPE?Slide 26
Main Subsystems Access Network Core Network – Circuit Switched U M U Mobility, Call & Session Management . . . (Non-Radio) Radio User Equipmet Core Network – Packet Switched wellbeing & EMC R&TTE (Including security & EMC)Slide 27
Fixed system gearSlide 28
Scope of the Breakaway session Decide upon TAL structure Which client eqipment and system components ought to be sort affirmed? What test procedures ought to be utilized? Which principles & suggestions ought to the gear go along to?Slide 29
Wrap-Up of the Breakaway Sessions – Common R&TTE Directive is a decent perspective Technology Independence is essential Phased methodology is energized The most hazardous issues are to be tended to first (i.e. client gear, collectors) (Harmonized) gauges and their references to be utilized wherever conceivableSlide 30
Issues Identified Counterfeit portable terminals - can\'t be explained by method for TA as those terminals enter the business sector unlawfully Questionable nature of system hardware, i.e. hardware not meeting the announced operation parametres - can be explained by menas of TA just to some degreeSlide 31
Cocluding Remarks An autonomous testing office is imperative for the locale. Staged methodology supported. Begin with crucial prerequisites and afterward grow the extension in view of the interest There is sufficient administrative structure yet insufficient standardizing system and, subsequently, little authorizationSlide 32
Concluding Remarks Fake telephones issue can\'t be fathomed by method for testing and TA alone in the event that they enter the business sector illicitly, i.e. without TA Operators and controllers ought to furnish themselves with point by point specialized (conventions, engineering, testing) learning. In a perfect world by menas of college courses and other "impartial" sources Operators to focus on interoperability, execution and QoS. Flagging observing crucial to start with, controllers to focus on key prerequisitesSlide 33
Discussion ? email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.orgSlide 34
More … Support SlidesSlide 35
Conformance for Each OSI Layer!Slide 36
Why security? Electrical items are presently the reason for 80% of all flames. Innovation pattern prompts decrease and minimization of electronic circuits. The grouping of components and centralization of electric force per mm 2 is expanding. Electrical items can fizzle and may not guarante full life time.Slide 37
Step 1 Select the item classifications Choose the comparing benchmarks Equip the test research center, secure information and experienceSlide 38
Step 2 Enforce wellbeing directions in the nation Determine the punishment Implement controls availableSlide 39
How to assemble the test site Prepare enough place for: Warehouse for estimation and IUT gear Filtering the Internal AC fundamental force and IT system (security breaker and separate appropriation) Long term (tests can take over 1 month) Temperature&humidy tests (to guarantee separate spot for loud test hardware (temperature&humidity chamber)) AC/AC or DC/DC varietySlide 40
EMC definition Electromagnetic similarity is the capacity of a gadget, unit of a gadget or framework to work tastefully in the electromagnetic environment, without the unsuitable electromagnetic unsettling influencesSlide 41
EMC lab Dilemma: Pre-consistence or Compliance test OATS (open region test site) or EMC anechoic chamber (protected room)Slide 42
EMC lab - 2 For common use or military use As an assistance of the local hardware industry or only block attempt of the poor items available huge contrast for the financial specialistSlide 43
EMC lab - 3Slide 44
Equipment Types Terminal
Research center VENTILATION. FOR TULANE LABORATORY EMPLOYEES. January, 2005 ... Be mindful that ...
European Aviation Safety Agency. 3. Eurocontrol Link 2000 Workshop, 15-16 February 2005 ... Bri ...
Pharma. Limited. Private. Review. Foundation/Commercial Value ... Pharma. Limited. Private. Indi ...
Varying media Equipment (Schedule 4) 24 assigned WEEE materials for ... Turntable. 12. Radio. 13 ...
Julu 12, 2006. SemiCon West 2006. 2. Gear Performance Metrics Process. Plant sources (computeriz ...
Assessment Team. Sarah Hilderbrand, ID (Contract Admin.)Judy Shirley, ARJodyi Hall, KYChristine ...
*Information gave by HUD Mortgagee Letters 2009-46A
Today\'s Topics. What is the MBTI?What is mental type?What are preferences?Exercises in typeDisc ...
16 March 2007. Benefits Permit to Fly. Slide 2 . Endorsement of Flight Conditions. 16 March 2007 ...
Abigail Alliance for Better Access to Developmental Drugs. DECELERATED APPROVAL November 8, ...
Packaged HVAC Equipment. Packaged HVAC Equipment. Is the most common source for HVAC in sm ...
Principles of Electronic Communication Systems. Third Edition Louis E. Frenzel, Jr. Chapter ...
TODAY’S TOPICS. How Different Types Manage Time. Why Sensors and Intuitives Need Each Othe ...
Rigging Equipment for Material Handling Your Safety is the #1 Priority. Safe working load ...
Office crisis checking hardware. UseInspectionRepairReplacement. 1a. Office crisis checking hard ...
Diagram. E-waste Generated in CanadaHazardous Properties of E-waste Canada\'s Approach to Managi ...
Research center SAFETY. While working in the science research facility, you will have certain cr ...
Conference Approval Flowchart. Divisions complete quick questionnaire to determine if meetin ...
Gear. Hardware Federal definition. Securing expense of $5000 or moreTangible property with a Use ...