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Strana et Illicita - Senatorial Decree, 35 CE. History, Christianity and the Transformation of the Classical World 100 BCE – 100 CE. A . Century of Turmoil. Social Wars 91 BCE optimates v. populares Spartacan Revolt 73 BCE
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Strana et Illicita - Senatorial Decree, 35 CE History, Christianity and the Transformation of the Classical World 100 BCE – 100 CE

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A . Century of Turmoil Social Wars 91 BCE optimates v. populares Spartacan Revolt 73 BCE New Men in power 59 BCE - 1 st Triumvirate Crassus, Pompey, Caesar

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B. Crossing the Rubicon Julius Caesar d. 44 BCE - Gallic successes & Cleopatra - Ptolemies

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C. The end of the Republic 1 . Second Triumvirate 42 BCE - Octavian, Marc Antony, Lepidus -Battle of Actium 31 BCE

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Age of the Emperors Octavian changes name to Caesar Augustus "Imperceptible Monarchy" Senate remains, however republic is lost

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D. The Roman Soul in Crisis Mystery Cults - mystery customs - required start - blissful reaction/nearness of god - interminable life Monotheism? Gaia – "Mother Earth" Cicero 106-43 BCE Stoicism – obligation to one\'s part divine fortune

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II. Early Christianity & the Classical World

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A. Conventions in struggle Judah the Maccabee Hasmoneans 165-63 BCE - Hebrews v. Hellenism - cosmopolitan v. traditionalist Seleucid Kingdom

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B. Hebrew Resistance to Rome Pompey & the Pirates Judea 63 BCE Pompey in the Temple of Jerusalem

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3. Division - Sadducees qualified communication written law - Hasidim social immaculateness Pharisees prophetic dreams life after death Hillel the Elder "Golden Rule" Zealots (6 CE)

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4. Grassroots intensity - John the Baptist "era of snakes!" Critic of Hebrew pioneers

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C. Joshua ben Joseph ca. 6-30 CE Populist - Jewish convention - supernatural occurrence laborer Messiah (?)

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Progressive - Sermon on the Mount [Matthew] -claim to/for the feeble, detested "soul of the law"

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III. From Cult to Institution

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A. The Cult of Christ Maintained clique as Jewish organization - circumcision; Torah - transformation to Judaism -immersion; eucharist James

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Messiah? - Again with the Gentiles - hindrance: the torturous killing We\'re not with them - Roman/Hebrew War, 66-73 CE - Gospels: accuse the Jews Masada

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Pagans for Jesus - mythology Osiris, Tammuz, Dionysus, Horus - ladies & slaves - the End is close (look occupied) 5 . Offer and threat - Decius r. 249-251

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B. Paul of Tarsus 5-67 CE Paul\'s vision - fruition of Jewish history -scripturally based: "Old" (Hellenized Jews) "New" Testament Gospels (second-hand) Epistles (letters of guideline) Acts (Church history) Revelation (emergency writing)

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Break from Hebrew custom - salvation was blessing (elegance) -salvation open to non-Jews -salvation reliant on confidence, participation, & custom MYSTERY CULT

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Hierarchy - patriarchates -priests; presbyters; ministers/deaconesses -ecclesiae Roman display Limited part of ladies (1 Corinthians) - subordinate to Church - subordinate to spouses

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Roll call of the cursed – 1 Corinthians - making of the "other" - agnosticism; fornicators (homosexuality ?) -Roman decrease -reverberate of Augustus underscored Greco-Roman idea of statute -soul and letter of the law

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Salvation dependably in risk – the Devil - Zoroastrianism Ahura Mazda – particular; all great underhandedness exists freely -evil presences n\'stuff -issues of flawlessness

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Paul composed early Christianity and made it speaking to a wide cluster of individuals... … however it was Roman persecution that gave Christians an additional feeling of character through shared hardship

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IV. Rome in the Augustan Age

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Why an Emperor? [Rhetorical] barrier of Republican temperances Reform/urban peace The Pax Romana 31 BCE - 192 CE

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A. Undetectable government What\'s in a name? - Consul, Augustus 27 BCE, Governor -Imperium Maius , imperator -princeps civitatus Reform the Senate 3. Assemble Equestrian class

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B. Armed force change Addition by subtraction - 60 to 28 armies -dispersal - Praetorian Guard

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2. The Legionnaires - standing armed force/naval force -long visits -chance for advancement -veterans benefits The Auxiliaries - chance for citizenship Army was a significant instrument in spreading impact

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C. Make the world "Rome" Little Romes - combination of societies -faithful patricians -administration

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D. Moral Regeneration The "family values" Emperor - tax cuts for children - hardened punishments for infidelity, the unmarried "uprightness" 2. Pontifex maximus - "Religion of the Genius of the Emperor" What connects the Empire together?

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