Swiss Confederation .


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Swiss Confederation. Willkommen – Grüezi – Bonjour. Buongiorno – Allegra - Welcome. Geography. • area of 41,285 km 2. • population about 7.5 million. • population density of 182 people per km 2. • three topographical areas: the Swiss Alps, the Swiss plateau, the Jura mountains. History.
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Swiss Confederation Willkommen – Grüezi – Bonjour Buongiorno – Allegra - Welcome

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Geography • range of 41,285 km 2 • populace around 7.5 million • populace thickness of 182 individuals for every km 2 • three geological regions: the Swiss Alps, the Swiss level, the Jura mountains

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History • 1291 – three timberland cantons of Uri, Schwyz, and Unterwalden Signed the Federal Charter Federal Charter of 1291 • 1353 – join of cantons of Glarus and Zug, and the urban communities of Lucerne, Zürich and Berne • 1499 – autonomy from the Holy Roman Empire

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History • 1506 – Pope Julius II connected with the Swiss Guart to serve the Vatican • 1849 – Federal Constitution • 1920 – Switzerland joined the League of Nations, and 1964 Council of Europe • 2002 – full individual from the United Nations

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Politics • Federation of moderately self-ruling 26 cantons • essential seat of influence – bicameral Swiss Parlament Federal Palace in Bern • Federal Council – Counsil of States and National Council • coordinate majority rule government

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Cantons • 26 cantons • their populaces shift between 15,000 (Appenzell Innerrhoden) And 1\'253\'500 (Zürich) Wintertime perspective of Sent, Graubünden • canton regions fluctuate between 37 km 2 (Basel-Stadt) and 7\'105 km 2 (Graubünden) • enclaves: Büsingen (Germany), Campione d\'Italia (Italy)

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Cities • greatest city Zürich 367,000 individuals Zürich agglomeration 1,080,000 individuals The second most well known city of the world! (2005) • Genf – 185,000 individuals • Basel – 166,000 individuals • Bern, capital of Switzerland – 127,000 individuals

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Tourismus • 74 mountains more than 4,000 m • the most astounding mountain – Dufour 4634 m Matterhorn • the best known – Matterhorn 4478 m • the greatest ocean – Genfer Sea 580,03 km 2 • culture, historical centers, theaters …

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Basel Middle Bridge in Basel • ca. 120 B.C. – keltic settlement at Rhein • 374 – first say of name Basilia • 1501 – join to Swiss Confederation • first Swiss college – establishment in 1460 • nowadays – an imperative social, monetary, and logical place in the North Switzerland

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Medical Care • populace around 7\'500\'000 • dynamic doctors 28\'250 → 1 : 265 • dynamic orthopedic specialists 660 → 1 : 11\'364 • dynamic general specialists 1\'030 → 1 : 7\'282

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Medical Education • 5 colleges Basel, established in 1459 Bern, established in 1834 Lausanne, established in 1537 Geneva, established in 1559 Zurich, established in 1833 • therapeutic school: numerus clausus, access by exam, 6 years (fifth year = practicals) • beginning one year from now: single man 3 years, ace 2 years

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Medical Education • last test of the year 2005: 620 restorative understudies • 2005: 45% guys, 55% females • 2000: 56% guys, 44% females • 2005: aim to represent considerable authority as a rule practioner 7% surgery 9% interior prescription 16% gynecology 7% orthopedics 6%

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Orthopedics • Postgraduate development in orthopedics – 6 years 1 year college doctor\'s facility 2 years traumatology 1 year general surgery obligatory • Basic exam: following 2 years • Final exam: composed: numerous decision oral down to earth: body, arthroscopy, clinical cases, inspectors cases, 4 x 2 analysts in 1 day

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Orthopedics • Orthopedic occupants: ~ 180 • Board affirmation every year: ~ 30 • starting from remote nations: 66% (for all specialities: 33%) • working orthopedic masters 660 1/3 full time in broad daylight doctor\'s facilities 2/3 in private office with alliance to private doctor\'s facilities • so far just 33 = 5% female load up guaranteed orthopedic experts

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Medical Care • all specialities: ~ 4150 (= 15%) doctors with outside source working in Switzerland • 3\'400 from EU/EFTA nations • 2\'500 from Germany • 250 from France • 250 from Italy

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Health Expenses 2004

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Medical Care

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Liability Claims 1982 – 2004 took care of by Foederatio Medicorum Helviticorum • Orthopedic surgery • General surgery • Gynecology/Obstetrics • Internal pharmaceutical • Esthetic/Reconstructive surgery 525 764 354 195 121 Yes 34% 37% 28% 22% No 66% 63% 72% 78%

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Thank You in particular

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