T h e A m e r i c a n U n i v e r s i t y o f R o m e HST 201 - Review of Western Human advancement I.


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Session 10 The Ascent of Christianity in the Mediterranean World… Breakdown of the Western realm and Brilliance of the East T h e A m e r i c a n U n i v e r s i t y o f R o m e HST 201 - Study of Western Development I The fall of Rome, the Western part…
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Slide 1

Session 10 The Rise of Christianity in the Mediterranean World… Collapse of the Western realm and Florescence of the East T h e A m e r i c a n U n i v e r s i t y o f R o m e HST 201 - Survey of Western Civilization I

Slide 2

The fall of Rome, the Western part… Q of section 6 > What where the standards by which Diocletian transformed the Roman domain? > Why did the Germanic attacks succeed? Different Qs > what number stages would you be able to set up in the administration methods of the Roman domain? > A diagram of the Roman\'s relations Republic and Empire with its neighbors: inward relations and “international” relations.

Slide 3

Hellenism…the chronicled setting to the advancement of Monotheistic religions > Cosmopolitanism… > Modernity… > Degenerate Greek? > Model for Rome (move period)? > Syncretism with Persia and different people groups? > Globalization… > Common language… > Joining in a solitary city different customs and societies > The freedoms and preferences of the urban communities

Slide 4

The Greek impact on Israel (p. 151) > Maccabees revolt for customs Multi-religious social orders and the Mystery Cults of Hellenistic times (p. 162) > times of decay of the polis and ascent of cosmopolitism > Demeter, Isis, Mithras, Eleusis, Magna Mater > Secret/confined religious gatherings/disclosures & pecking orders, starts > Related to nature, fruitfulness, war…role of ladies > Christianity fits well inside of the universe of mystery religious social orders

Slide 5

Qs > Role of ladies in the arrangement of antiquated riddle religions? > In what ways did the picture and thought of the Magna Mater impact the advancement of riddle religions? > What impact did secret factions have on the act of ahead of schedule Christianity? Did the faith in the Magna Mater impact Roman ladies? > How was agnosticism important to the improvement of Christianity?

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Emergence and Domination of Christianity > How did Christianity turn into the greater part religion inside of the Roman realm? > Success unsurprising or inescapable, inside of the Roman\'s setting realm? > Persecutions went for taming it… > St Paul… faces Jewish religious law… some Christian would at present take after Jrl , yet future on non-Jewish changes over. > Who were they? Hellenism social context… > Interesting part of women…social starting point versus other > Developing antagonistic vibe Jewish versus Christian… characterizing their audiences… looking after (Jewish) roots with Bible and Jesus as Messiah

Slide 7

Persecutions…Christians and agnostic ceremonies > Very low rates. By 300 AD 1-5%, East, 10%... In The Early Christian World Ed. Philip Francis Esler 2000 p. 296

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> Constantine and Christianity in the Imperial family… “prestigious and possibly beneficial religion for decision classes to adopt…” > Role of priests and extraordinary change by 400 AD > Then gets to be official. > Philosophies/showdowns inside of Christianism

Slide 9

Important occasions in the historical backdrop of the papacy 29 - Beginning of St. Dwindle\'s service as leader of the Church 36 - St. Dwindle comes to Rome 64 - St. Diminish martyred under Nero 89-97 - Pontificate of St. Forebearing I (letter to the congregation of Corinth) 110 - Martyrdom of St. Ignatius of Antioch in Rome (letter to the congregation of Rome) 155-67 - Pontificate of St. Anicetus: first Paschal discussion 189-99 - Pontificate of St. Victor I: second Paschal debate 202-3 - Death of St. Irenaeus of Lyon ("Against the Heresies") 230 - Martyrdom of Pope St. Pontian; building of the Popes\' Crypt in Catacomb of St. Callixtus, where seven martyred Popes of the third century were covered. 313 - Constantine\'s Edict of Milan, the Church\'s Peace; award of the property of the Lateran to the Church; building of the Arch basilica of the Most Holy Savior.

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325 - First Ecumenical Council at Nicea; reaction to the Arian apostasy, then Arianism wins, Constantius II. (Consubstantiation, Son of an alternate essence...very prominent with recently changed over Barbarians) 326 - Consecration of the Basilica of St. Dwindle by Pope St. Sylvester I 337 - Constantine kicks the bucket, in a matter of seconds before sanctified through water 451 - Fourth Ecumenical Council at Chalcedon (pope St. Leo I\'s \'Tomus promotion Flavianum\'); end of the major Christological contentions (i.e., the part of Jesus as Son/Prophet/God/Savior). 476 - Fall of Rome 590-604 - Reign of Pope St. Gregory I "the Great". 654 - Martyrdom of Pope St. Martin I by the Emperor Constans II (last martyred Pope)

Slide 11

The Roman recovery of Justinian, 527-568 AD Reign of Justinian 527-565 Publication of the Corpus Juris Civilis 529-534 J overcomes the Vandal kingdom of northwest Africa 533 J vanquishes the Italian peninsula 536 J crushes the last Gothic outposts 563 J commands the Mediterranean Basin 565 Death of J 565 Germanic Lombards vanquish the Italian peninsula 568

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The remaining Qs of section 6 > How did Christianity turn into the lion\'s share religion inside of the Roman domain? > What real changes did Christianity experience amid the fourth century? > What particular topics of western Christian believed were rising amid the fourth and fifth hundreds of years? > How was traditional society Christianized? > Why did Justinian\'s arrangement to rejoin the Roman realm fall flat?

Slide 13

Structure of the paper Introduction : presentation of the thought, speculation; why the thought is critical and significant in this course; the implies that will be utilized to study it. Body : adding to the contentions, proof to bolster or reject speculation Conclusions : help us to remember the beginning stage; a brief note on the certainties and the conclusions came to References

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> Athenian plague (1) > Phoenician Palermo (1) > Judaism and Monotheism (3) > Evolution of instructive organizations in complex civic establishments (1) > Athens versus Sparta (2) > The Persian Wars (3) > Agriculture in Mesopotamia (1) > Art, early social orders, governmental issues (2) > State and orders? Majority rule government and state? (1) > Persia and universal relations… religion, organization (1) > Hellenism (1) > Neolithic Agricultural Revolution (1) > Modes of creation in political advancement (1) > Athenian governmental issues (1) > How does the human\'s portrayal body in Greek craftsmanship mirror th

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