Taiwan ROC and Hong Kong.


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27 nations perceive ROC as the genuine legislature of China ... US government moved strategic acknowledgment from ROC to PRC in 1979. US congress passed ...
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Taiwan ROC & Hong Kong Internal & External Politics

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Taiwan ROC Government President (4-year term after 1996) The Five ``Yuan": Executive Yuan (Premier, clergymen, and so on.) Legislative Yuan (3-year term) Judicial Yuan (15 thousand judges) Examination Yuan and Control Yuan National Assembly (established issues)

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Diplomatic Tug of War 162 nations perceive PRC as the true blue legislature of China 8 (\'49) 32 (\'59) 49 (\'69) 113 (\'79) 129 (\'89) 27 nations perceive ROC as the honest to goodness administration of China

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US Official Policy US government moved strategic acknowledgment from ROC to PRC in 1979 US congress passed Taiwan Relations Act in 1979 American Institute in Taiwan Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Offices in US

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Economic Ties Trade and venture extended quickly in spite of confinements by ROC government Workaround: Hong Kong & Macau ``Three joins": mail transportation exchange

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President Chen Shui-bian vowed in 2000 that, unless the CCP utilized military power against Taiwan, he would: not pronounce Taiwan autonomous not change the name of Republic of China not hold submission on freedom … 2002: "separate nations" "referendum"

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President Jiang Zemin: ``One-China guideline is the premise for cross-straits relations ``Both the territory and Taiwan have a place with one China ``On the reason of the one-China rule, all issues can be talked about" Stress on social & monetary trades

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PRC-UK Negotiations Deng Xiaoping: "1 nation, 2 frameworks" PRC Constitution of 1982: S.A.R. PRC & UK Joint Declaration in 1984

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Handover to PRC seventh National People\'s Congress received Basic Law of HKSAR in Beijing in 1990 Became Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of PRC in July 1, 1997

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Basic Law of H K SAR Stipulated in PRC-UK Joint Declaration in 1984 Drafted by a board of trustees with individuals from both Hong Kong and terrain Adopted by seventh NPC in Beijing in 1990 Came into impact on July 1, 1997 Constitutional record for HKSAR

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3 Principles in Basic Law ``One Country, Two Systems" Capitalist framework and lifestyle should stay unaltered for a long time (B.L. A5) ``High Degree of Autonomy" ``Hong Kong People Running Hong Kong"

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1 Country, 2 Systems Legal framework (British precedent-based law) might be kept up, with the exception of any law that repudiate the Basic Law and subject to revision by the governing body (B.L. A8)

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High Degree of Autonomy HKSAR appreciates official, authoritative, and free legal force, including that of definite settling (B.L. A2)

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``HK People Running HK" official powers and council might be made out of perpetual occupants of Hong Kong (B.L. A3) open hirelings must be changeless occupants of Hong Kong (a few exemptions)

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Central Government in charge of safeguard and outside issues identifying with HKSAR (B.L. A13-14) approves HKSAR to direct important outer issues all alone (B.L. A13) HKSAR should be in charge of the support of open request 11 PRC laws apply to HK (B.L. A18)

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Rights and Freedoms the right to speak freely, of the press, of production, of relationship, of get together, of parade, of show, of correspondence, of development, of inner voice, of religious conviction, of marriage.. the privilege and opportunity to shape and join exchange unions, and to strike

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Three Branches Chief Executive Tung Chee Hwa Legislative Council Court of Final Appeal

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S/race of C.E. & Legco Shall be determined in the light of the genuine circumstance in the HKSAR and as per the standard of continuous and systematic advancement (B.L. A45 & A68) a definitive point is the decision of the Chief Executive and every one of the individuals from the Legislative Council by general suffrage (B.L. A45 & A68)

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S/decision of Legco

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Chief Executive S/race 800-part Election Committee modern, business, and money related divisions 1/4 the callings 1/4 work, social administrations, religious, & other 1/4 Legco, HK appointees to NPC, and so forth 1/4 Tung Chee Hwa (1997 - 2007) close to two successive terms

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Since 1997 Freedoms and rights generously in place protester bunches Falun Gong Judicial framework continues as before Weak official and solid common administration Lack of political aptitudes Multiple political gatherings

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H.K\'s. Competitiveness Geographic area one of the best profound water ports on the planet dedicated and knowledgeable workforce education rate 94%

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``World\'s Freest Economy" sends out & imports each ~US$200b > GDP per capita: US$23,027 no VAT, deals assessment, or capital increases impose just 3 sorts of salary are saddled: benefits, pay rates, and property 31% live out in the open lodging

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Influence on Mainland US$220 billion direct speculation every way Hong Kong collections of law and ability Hong Kong draws in gifts from terrain Hong Kong radios, TV, daily papers, magazines, and Internet on territory

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